Noun, English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

English Grammar

CAT : Noun, English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

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Nouns
Definition

Nouns are words that name a person, place or any entity. Anything that exists; ideas, thoughts, emotions, people, all the objects (cars, planets, televisions, phones...) can be named.
Most sentences have multiple nouns, some sentences have only a single noun.

 

Proper / Common Nouns

Nouns that name a particular item in a group are called proper nouns. The first letter is capitalized.

Michael Jordan (person, athlete...)
Pepsi Cola (drinks, soda),
New York (city)

Nouns that refer to a general class of person, place, entity are common nouns and they are not capitalized.
basketball player, soda, city 

Question 1:Identify the noun in the following sentence:
"Raghav is going for a walk"

 

Count / Non-Count (Mass) Nouns

This is the classification according to whether a noun can be counted or not. Count nouns are countable.

cat
tree
Dr. Adams
book
nut
bean 

Question 2:Identify the noun in the following sentence:  
"The Brooklyn Bridge was opened in 1883."


Mass nouns name undifferentiated mass, things that are not usually considered countable..

water
milk
grass
sand
news
money

Non-count nouns are usually singular and quantified by quantifiers such as much, more, less, some...

some sugar
less water
little butter 
Question 3:Identify the noun in the following sentence: 
“This garden is full of beautiful flowers.”

 

Abstract/Concrete/Collective Nouns

Abstract Noun

An abstract noun is a word that we can’t detect through our five senses. In other words, they are nouns that can’t be seen, heard, smelled, tasted or touched.

Examples
His bravery was impressive by any standards.
Curiosity often leads to nothing but trouble.
Her beauty makes her famous in the whole school. (beauty is abstract)
What made me successful was my dedication to my work. 

Question 4:Identify the noun in the following sentence:  
"Joe, have you met your new boss?"

 

Abstract Nouns Table

Noun, English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

 

Question 5:Identify the noun in the following sentence:  
"To seize a foreign embassy and its inhabitants is flagrant disregard for diplomatic neutrality."
Concrete Noun

A concrete noun is a word that we can detect through our five senses. In other words, they are nouns that can be seen, heard, smelled, tasted or touched.

Examples
My father has just bought a new car.
There are many cats around the tree.
The President made his first trip to Asia.
We have a fantastic teacher.

Noun, English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

 

Collective nouns refer to a group of people or entities.
herd, bunch, army, family, tribe

Question 6:Identify the noun in the following sentence:  
"Sue’s parents tried living in the north, but they could not adapt to the cold."

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