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Nouns: Types & Rules Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Document Description: Nouns: Types & Rules for CAT 2022 is part of Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) preparation. The notes and questions for Nouns: Types & Rules have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus. Information about Nouns: Types & Rules covers topics like What is a Noun?, Types of Noun, Rules of Nouns and Nouns: Types & Rules Example, for CAT 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Nouns: Types & Rules.

Introduction of Nouns: Types & Rules in English is available as part of our Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) for CAT & Nouns: Types & Rules in Hindi for Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) course. Download more important topics related with notes, lectures and mock test series for CAT Exam by signing up for free. CAT: Nouns: Types & Rules Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT
Table of contents
What is a Noun?
Types of Noun
Rules of Nouns
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What is a Noun?

Nouns: Types & Rules Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

A noun is a word that names something, such as a person, place, thing, or idea. In a sentence, nouns can play the role of subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, object complement, appositive, or adjective.

Examples of Nouns

  • Name of a Person: Zuker, Max, Xavier, Joseph, etc
  • Name of an Animal: Kangaroo, Dolphin, Jackal, etc.
  • Name of a Place: Bostan, Australia, India, etc.
  • Name of a Thing: Table, Computer, Chair, etc.
  • Name of an Idea: Happiness, Superstitions, Excitement, etc.

Types of Noun

  • Proper Noun
    Nouns that name a particular item in a group are called proper nouns. The first letter is capitalized.
  • Example: (i) Does Tina have much homework to do this evening?
    Tina is the name of a specific person.
    (ii) I would like to visit Old Faithful.
    Old Faithful is the specific name of a geological phenomenon.

Question for Nouns: Types & Rules
Try yourself:Identify the noun in the following sentence:
"Raghav is going for a walk"
View Solution


  • Common Noun
    The opposite of a proper noun is a common noun, sometimes known as a generic noun. A common noun is the generic name of an item in a class or group and is not capitalized unless appearing at the beginning of a sentence or in a title.
    Example: The girl crossed the river.
    Girl is a common noun; we do not learn the identity of the girl by reading this sentence, though we know the action she takes. River is also a common noun in this sentence.

Question for Nouns: Types & Rules
Try yourself:Identify the noun in the following sentence:  
"The Brooklyn Bridge was opened in 1883."
View Solution


  • Collective Nouns
    A collective noun denotes a group or collection of people or things.
    Example: That pack of lies is disgraceful.
    Pack of lies as used here is a collective noun. Collective nouns take a singular verb as if they are one entity – in this case, the singular verb is.
    Example: A pride of lions roamed the savanna.
    Pride of lions is also a collective noun.

Question for Nouns: Types & Rules
Try yourself:Identify the noun in the following sentence:  
"Joe, have you met your new boss?"
View Solution


  • Concrete Nouns 
    A concrete noun is something that is perceived by the senses; something that is physical or real.
    Example: (i) I heard the doorbell.
    (ii) My keyboard is sticky.
    Doorbell and keyboard are real things that can be sensed.
    Table: Concrete Nouns
    Nouns: Types & Rules Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Question for Nouns: Types & Rules
Try yourself:Identify the noun in the following sentence:  
"To seize a foreign embassy and its inhabitants is flagrant disregard for diplomatic neutrality."
View Solution


  • Abstract Nouns
    These are the names given to an idea, conditions, or quality. Basically, the name is used to refer to something that cannot be seen but is there, it does not exist physically.
    Example: We can’t imagine the courage it took to do that.
    Courage is an abstract noun. Courage can’t be seen, heard, or sensed in any other way, but we know it exists.
    Table: Abstract Nouns
    Nouns: Types & Rules Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT
  • Material Nouns
    These are the names used to refer to substances, materials or things that are made up of an alloy.
    Example: silver, gold, metal, cotton, etc.

Question for Nouns: Types & Rules
Try yourself:Identify the noun in the following sentence: 
“This garden is full of beautiful flowers.”
View Solution


  • Countable Nouns
    Countable nouns are nouns which can be counted, even if the number might be extraordinarily high (like counting all the people in the world). Countable nouns can be used with a/an, the, some, any, a few, and many.
    Example: Here is a cat.
    Cat is singular and—obviously—countable.
  • Uncountable Nouns
    Uncountable nouns are nouns that come in a state or quantity which is impossible to count; liquids are uncountable, as are things that act like liquids (sand, air). They are always considered to be singular, and can be used with some, any, a little, and much.
    Example: Students don’t seem to have much homework these days.
    This example refers to an unspecified, unquantifiable amount of homework, so homework is an uncountable noun.
    Question for Nouns: Types & Rules
    Try yourself:Identify the noun in the following sentence:  
    "Sue’s parents tried living in the north, but they could not adapt to the cold."
    View Solution


Nouns in English can further be classified on the basis of Number, Gender, Cases, and Apposition. 

Read ahead to understand better:

  • On the basis of Number
    1. Singular Nouns
    When one person or a thing is denoted then it is a Singular noun.
    Example: pen, cow, boy, chairs, etc.
    2. Plural Nouns
    When a noun denotes more than one person or a thing it is a plural noun.
    Example: pens, cows, boys, chairs, etc.
  • On the basis of Genders
    1. Masculine 
    Nouns that refer to the male classification of a person, animal or thing.
    Example: man, lion, moon, etc.
    2. Feminine 
    Nouns denoting a female class of a person, animal or thing like nature, tigress, woman, etc.
    3. Neuter 
    Nouns that denote a thing without life, either female or male.
    Example: pen, room, book, etc.
  • On the basis of Cases
    Nouns classified on the basis of cases tells us the position of the noun in a sentence.
    There are five cases of nouns in English. These are:
    1. Possessive Case 
    When a noun denotes ownership or possession.
    Example: That is my dress. ‘My’ is in the possessive case.
    2. Vocative case 
    A noun is in the vocative case when it is used to call (to get attention).
    Example: Ms. Ria, teachers are waiting for you in the staffroom. (Ms Ria is in a vocative case).
    3. Dative Case 
    When a noun is in the indirect object of a verb it is in the Dative case.
    Example: Rohan brought me chocolates, (‘Me’ is in the dative case)
    4. Nominative Case 
    If a noun is the subject of a verb it is said to be in Nominative case.
    Example: Radha is an intelligent girl.
    5. Objective Case 
    When the noun is the direct object of the verb or the preposition, they are in the objective case.
    Example: Please give the fruits.

Rules of Nouns

Now that you are well versed with the nouns and its types, let us move ahead to the rules associated with Nouns in English Grammar. Rules of Nouns are important to know if you want to ace the verbal ability section of competitive exams.

  • Rule 1: Some Nouns are Singular in their meaning but are used as Plural nouns and also take plural verbs always, such as people, cattle, police.
    Examples: (i) The cattle are grazing the field.
    (ii) People are indifferent to you in new cities.
  • Rule 2: Some nouns are always used in Plural Form and always take Plural Verb. Like, Scissors, Premises, Thanks, Spectacles, etc.
    Examples: (i) ‘I cannot find my Trousers, where are they?’
    (ii) She ordered a pair of Spectacles online, they are classy.
  • Rule 3: There are some nouns that always take Singular Verb such as news, ethics, machinery, advice, stationery, physics, mathematics, etc.
    Examples: (i) Mathematics is my favourite subject.
    (ii) The news of his suicide is not true.
  • Rule 4: Some nouns indicate the number, measure, money, length, weight, etc. They remain unchanged when any definite numeral precedes these nouns.
    Examples: (i) She bought 2 dozen eggs from the shop. (not dozens)
    (ii) My office is 5 kilometres from my house. (not kilometre)
  • Rule 5: Collective nouns are used both in singular and plural form.
    Examples: (i) The Government is a great achievement of Civilization.
    (ii) The Jury were divided in their opinions.
  • Rule 6: There are nouns that give different meanings when used as a singular and other meanings when used as a plural noun.
    Examples: (i) Good means wise and goods mean property.
    (ii) Authority is command while authorities mean people in power.
    (iii) Force means strength while forces is an army.
    (iv) Wages in singular form is punishment while wages are daily labor charges when used in the plural form.
    (v) Content means satisfaction and content is things contained.
    (vi) Iron is metal while irons mean chains or fetters
  • Rule 7: Material Nouns generally do not take any article (a, an or the) before them.
    Example:
    (i) Incorrect: My mother likes a gold and not a silver.
    Correct: My Mother likes gold and not silver.
    (ii) Incorrect: Cooking food on a cast iron pan is healthy.
    Correct: Cooking food on cast iron pan is healthy.
  • Rule 8: To personify a Neuter Gender Noun, we use:
    Masculine gender to personify the strength or power, and
    Feminine Gender to personify beauty and grace.
    Examples: (i) The Moon was shining on the sea with all his might.
    (ii) It is our duty to protect Mother Earth. 
  • Rule 9: the work of art, the title of books, etc. even if they sound plural is always considered singular.
    Examples: (i) ‘The Palace of Illusions’ is an incredible narration of the Mahabharata.
    (ii) ‘The Game of Thrones is my favorite drama series
  • Rule 10: 
    (a) for small creatures, insects or very young children neuter gender is used.
    Examples: (i) The baby wants food every hour or it starts crying.
    (ii) I could see the butterfly moving its wings.
    (b) Collective nouns are used as neuter gender even if they are used to refer to living beings.
    Examples: (i) The team gave its best performance.
    (ii) The army is at its best to protect the country.
The document Nouns: Types & Rules Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC).
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