|Table of contents|
|Introduction of Verbs|
|Types of Verbs|
|Rules Related to Verbs|
|Function of Verbs with Examples|
A verb is a word that expresses an action, occurrence, or state of being in a sentence. It is one of the essential parts of speech in any language. Verbs are often considered the "doing" or "being" words in a sentence, as they convey the main action or state.
1. Subject-Verb Agreement: In English, verbs must agree with their subjects in terms of number and person. This means that a singular subject requires a singular verb, while a plural subject requires a plural verb. For example:
2. Tense: Verbs in English can be conjugated to indicate different tenses, such as past, present, and future. The tense of a verb determines when an action occurred or will occur. For example:
3. Verb Forms: English verbs can have different forms to indicate various aspects, such as infinitive, gerund, participle, and conjugated forms. Common verb forms include:
4. Modal Verbs: Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs used to express ability, possibility, permission, obligation, etc. Common modal verbs include can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would. For example:
5. Verb Phrases: Verb phrases consist of a main verb and auxiliary (helping) verbs. Auxiliary verbs are used to express different aspects, moods, or tenses. For example:
1. Action Verbs: These verbs express physical or mental actions. They describe what the subject of the sentence is doing. Examples:
2. Linking Verbs: These verbs connect the subject of a sentence to a noun, pronoun, or adjective that renames or describes the subject. They do not show action but rather a state of being or condition. Examples:
3. Auxiliary Verbs (Helping Verbs): These verbs are used with main verbs to form verb phrases. They express aspects, moods, tenses, or other nuances of meaning. Examples:
4. Modal Verbs: Modal verbs are a type of auxiliary verb that express ability, possibility, permission, obligation, and other modalities. Examples:
5. Transitive Verbs: Transitive verbs require a direct object to complete their meaning. They show an action being done to someone or something. Examples:
6. Intransitive Verbs: Intransitive verbs do not require a direct object. They express an action or state that does not transfer to something or someone else. Examples:
7. Verbs of Being: These verbs express a state of existence or identity. They include "be," "am," "is," "are," "was," "were," "been," and "being." Examples:
Ex.1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in parentheses:
She __________ (run) every morning to stay fit.
The correct form of the verb "run" in the third-person singular present tense is "runs."
We __________ (study) French for two years now.
The correct form of the verb "study" in the present perfect tense is "have studied."
Ex.2. Identify the verb in each of the following sentences.
The cat climbed the tree.
climbed (The verb "climbed" shows the action performed by the cat.)
She laughed at the joke.
laughed (The verb "laughed" shows the action performed by the subject "she.")
The students study for their exams.
study (The verb "study" represents the action performed by the students.)
1. Incorrect: The company employs over 100 people and is growing rapidly.
Correct: The company employs over 100 people and is growing rapidly.
The sentence is correct as it is. Both verbs, "employs" and "is growing," are in the present tense, indicating ongoing actions.
2. Incorrect: He studied all night for the exam, but still failed.
Correct: He studied all night for the exam but still failed.
The sentence is correct as it is. The verb "studied" is in the past tense, indicating a completed action, while "failed" is in the present tense, indicating the current state or result.
3. Incorrect: The children were playing in the park when it started to rain.
Correct: The children were playing in the park when it started raining.
The verb "started" should be followed by the -ing form of the verb ("raining") to indicate an ongoing action in the past.