Parallel Resonance Circuit Diagram
If the resonance occurs in parallel RLC circuit, then it is called as Parallel Resonance. Consider the following parallel RLC circuit, which is represented in phasor domain.
Here, the passive elements such as resistor, inductor and capacitor are connected in parallel. This entire combination is in parallel with the input sinusoidal current source.
Write nodal equation at node P.
−I + I_{R} + I_{L} + I_{C} = 0
Equation 1
The above equation is in the form of I = VY.
Therefore, the admittance Y of parallel RLC circuit will be
Parameters & Electrical Quantities at Resonance
Now, let us derive the values of parameters and electrical quantities at resonance of parallel RLC circuit one by one.
Resonant Frequency
We know that the resonant frequency, f_{r} is the frequency at which, resonance occurs. In parallel RLC circuit resonance occurs, when the imaginary term of admittance, Y is zero. i.e., the value of should be equal to zero
⇒ X_{L} = X_{C}
The above resonance condition is same as that of series RLC circuit. So, the resonant frequency, f_{r} will be same in both series RLC circuit and parallel RLC circuit.
Therefore, the resonant frequency, f_{r} of parallel RLC circuit is
Where,
The resonant frequency, fr of parallel RLC circuit depends only on the inductance L and capacitance C. But, it is independent of resistance R.
Admittance
We got the admittance Y of parallel RLC circuit as
Substitute, X_{L} = X_{C} in the above equation.
⇒ Y = 1/R
At resonance, the admittance, Y of parallel RLC circuit is equal to the reciprocal of the resistance, R. i.e., Y = 1/R
Voltage across each Element
Substitute, in Equation 1
⇒ I = VR
⇒ V = IR
Therefore, the voltage across all the elements of parallel RLC circuit at resonance is V = IR.
At resonance, the admittance of parallel RLC circuit reaches to minimum value. Hence, maximum voltage is present across each element of this circuit at resonance.
Current flowing through Resistor
The current flowing through resistor is
I_{R} = V/R
⇒ I_{R} = I
Therefore, the current flowing through resistor at resonance is I_{R} = I.
Current flowing through Inductor
The current flowing through inductor is
Substitute the value of V in the above equation.
⇒I_{L} = −jQI
Therefore, the current flowing through inductor at resonance is I_{L} = −jQI.
So, the magnitude of current flowing through inductor at resonance will be
I_{L} = QI
Where, Q is the Quality factor and its value is equal to
Current flowing through Capacitor
The current flowing through capacitor is
Substitute the value of V in the above equation.
⇒ I_{C} = jQI
Therefore, the current flowing through capacitor at resonance is I_{C} = jQI
So, the magnitude of current flowing through capacitor at resonance will be
IC=QI
Where, Q is the Quality factor and its value is equal to
Note − Parallel resonance RLC circuit is called as current magnification circuit. Because, the magnitude of current flowing through inductor and capacitor is equal to Q times the input sinusoidal current I.
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