The Mughal Empire- Polity
His liberal measures
Facts To Be Remembered
- Maham Anaga was Akbar’s foster-mother.
- Akbar was successful in crushing a rebellion led by Uzbek nobles.
- Abdul Nabi was the corrupt chief qazi of Akbar.
- Chavand was the new capital of Rana Pratap.
- Chandrasen, the ruler of Marwar, waged a guerilla warfare against Akbar.
- Singhasan Battisi, the Atharva Veda and the Bible were translated into Persian during the reign of Akbar.
- The Kabul-Ghazni-Qandhar line was established by Akbar.
- The peasants who owned the land they tilled were called Khudkasht.
- Population in India at the beginning of Seventeenth century was about 125 million.
- During Akbar’s reign, Rajputs formed the largest section of the Hindu nobility, and among Rajputs, the Kachhwahas predominated.
- Hindus formed 33% of Aurangzeb’s nobility. Of the Hindu nobles, the Marathas formed more than half.
- Jahangir introduced the fashion of wearing costly jewels in their ears after piercing them.
- During Mughal India, the Chettis formed the trading community of South India.
- The fifth Guru Arjun Das started a system of collecting offerings from the Sikh at the rate of one-tenth of their income.
- Fobidden cesses were called abwabs under the Mughals.
- Jagannath and Janardan Bhatta were famous musicians who belonged to Shah Jahan’s court.
- Akbar gave Raja Birbal the title of Kavi-priya.
- Bihari Lal was the poet of Shah Jahan’s reign. He wrote Satsai which is a collection of 700 dohas and sortas.
- An important historical work of Shahjahan’s reign is the Amal-i-Salih of Muhammad Salih.
- Mirza Hossain Ali composed songs in Bengali in honour of Goddess Kali.
- If on earth be an Eden of Bliss
- It is this, it is this, none but this” — Amir Khusrau
Rai and Chhatrasal Bundela in Bundelkhand.