Preparation of profit and loss account and balance sheet of corporate entities (Part -2) B Com Notes | EduRev

Advanced Corporate Accounting

B Com : Preparation of profit and loss account and balance sheet of corporate entities (Part -2) B Com Notes | EduRev

The document Preparation of profit and loss account and balance sheet of corporate entities (Part -2) B Com Notes | EduRev is a part of the B Com Course Advanced Corporate Accounting.
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Part Ii – Statement of Profit And Loss

 

Name of the Company…………………….

Profit and loss statement for the year ended ………………………

(Rupees in …………)

  Particulars Note No. Figures as at the end of current reporting period Figures as at the end of the previous reporting  period
  1 2 3 4
I.
II.
III.
Revenue from operations
Other income
Total Revenue (I + II)
  xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
IV. Expenses:      
  Cost of materials consumed      
  Purchases of Stock-in-Trade      
  Changes in inventories of finished goods work-in-progress and Stock-in-Trade   xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
  Employee benefits expense Finance costs   xxx xxx
  Depreciation and amortisation expense      
  Other expenses      
  Total expenses   xxx xxx
V. Profit before exceptional and extraordinary items and tax (III – IV)   xxx xxx
VI. Exceptional items   xxx xxx
VII. Profit before extraordinary items and tax (V – VI)   xxx xxx
VIII. Extraordinary items   xxx xxx
IX. Profit before tax (VII – VIII)   xxx xxx
X. Tax expense:      
  (1) Current tax   xxx xxx
  (2) Deferred tax   xxx xxx
XI. Profit (Loss) for the period from continuing operations (VII -VIII)   xxx xxx
XII. Profit/(loss) from discontinuing operations   xxx xxx
XIII. Tax expense of discontinuing operations   xxx xxx
XIV. Profit/(loss) from Discontinuing operations (after tax) (XII – XIII)   xxx xxx
XV. Profit (Loss) for the period (XI + XIV)   xxx xxx
XVI. Earnings per equity share:      
  (1) Basic   xxx xxx
  (2) Diluted   xxx xxx

See accompanying notes to the financial statements.

 

General Instructions for Preparation of Statement of Profit and Loss

1. The provisions of this Part shall apply to the income and expenditure account referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause (40) of section 2 in like manner as they apply to a statement of profit and loss.

2. (A) In respect of a company other than a finance company revenue from operations shall disclose separately in the notes revenue from—

(a) Sale of products;

(b) Sale of services;

(c) Other operating revenues;

Less:

(d) Excise duty.

(B) In respect of a finance company, revenue from operations shall include revenue from—

(a) Interest; and

(b) Other financial services.

Revenue under each of the above heads shall be disclosed separately by way of notes to accounts to the extent applicable.

3. Finance Costs

Finance costs shall be classified as:

(a) Interest expense;

(b) Other borrowing costs;

(c) Applicable net gain/loss on foreign currency transactions and translation.

4. Other income

Other income shall be classified as:

(a) Interest Income (in case of a company other than a finance company);

(b) Dividend Income;

(c) Net gain/loss on sale of investments;

(d) Other non-operating income (net of expenses directly attributable to such income).

5. Additional Information

A Company shall disclose by way of notes additional information regarding aggregate expenditure and income on the following items:—

(i) (a) Employee Benefits Expense [showing separately (i) salaries and wages, (ii) contribution to provident and other funds, (iii) expense on Employee Stock Option Scheme (ESOP) and Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP), (iv) staff welfare expenses].

(b) Depreciation and amortisation expense;

(c) Any item of income or expenditure which exceeds one per cent. of the revenue from operations or `1,00,000, whichever is higher;

(d) Interest Income;

(e) Interest expense;

(f)  Dividend income;

(g) Net gain/loss on sale of investments;

(h) Adjustments to the carrying amount of investments;

(i)  Net gain or loss on foreign currency transaction and translation (other than considered as finance cost);

(j)  Payments to the auditor as (a) auditor; (b) for taxation matters; (c) for company law matters; (d) for management services; (e) for other services; and (f) for reimbursement of expenses;

(k) In case of Companies covered under section 135, amount of expenditure incurred on corporate social responsibility activities;

(l) Details of items of exceptional and extraordinary nature;

(m) Prior period items;

(ii) (a) In the case of manufacturing companies,—

(1) Raw materials under broad heads.

(2) goods purchased under broad heads.]

(b) In the case of trading companies, purchases in respect of goods traded in by the company under broad heads.

(c) In the case of companies rendering or supplying services, gross income derived from services rendered or supplied under broad heads.

(d) In the case of a company, which falls under more than one of the categories mentioned in (a), (b) and (c) above, it shall be sufficient compliance with the requirements herein if purchases, sales and consumption of raw material and the gross income from services rendered is shown under broad heads.

(e)  In the case of other companies, gross income derived under broad heads.

(iii) In the case of all concerns having works-in-progress, works-in-progress under broad heads.]

(iv) (a) The aggregate, if material, of any amounts set aside or proposed to be set aside, to reserve, but not including provisions made to meet any specific liability, contingency or commitment known to exist at the date as to which the balance sheet is made up.

(b) The aggregate, if material, of any amounts withdrawn from such reserves.

(v) (a) The aggregate, if material, of the amounts set aside to provisions made for meeting specific liabilities, contingencies or commitments.

(b) The aggregate, if material, of the amounts withdrawn from such provisions, as no longer required.

(vi) Expenditure incurred on each of the following items, separately for each item:—

(a) Consumption of stores and spare parts;

(b) Power and fuel;

(c) Rent;

(d) Repairs to buildings;

(e) Repairs to machinery;

(f)  Insurance;

(g) Rates and taxes, excluding, taxes on income;

(h) Miscellaneous expenses,

(vii) (a) Dividends from subsidiary companies.

(b) Provisions for losses of subsidiary companies.

(viii)  The profit and loss account shall also contain by way of a note the following information, namely:—

(a)  Value of imports calculated on C.I.F basis by the company during the financial year in respect of—

I. Raw materials;

II. Components and spare parts;

III. Capital goods;

(b) Expenditure in foreign currency during the financial year on account of royalty, know-how, professional and consultation fees, interest, and other matters;

(c) Total value if all imported raw materials, spare parts and components consumed during the financial year and the total value of all indigenous raw materials, spare parts and components similarly consumed and the percentage of each to the total consumption;]

(d) The amount remitted during the year in foreign currencies on account of dividends with a specific mention of the total number of non-resident shareholders, the total number of shares held by them on which the dividends were due and the year to which the dividends related;

(e) Earnings in foreign exchange classified under the following heads, namely:—

I. Export of goods calculated on F.O.B. basis;

II. Royalty, know-how, professional and consultation fees;

III. Interest and dividend;

IV. Other income, indicating the nature thereof.]

Note:—Broad heads shall be decided taking into account the concept of materiality and presentation of true and fair view of financial statements.

General Instructions for the Preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1. Where a company is required to prepare Consolidated Financial Statements, i.e., consolidated balance sheet and consolidated statement of profit and loss, the company shall mutatis mutandis follow the requirements of this Schedule as applicable to a company in the preparation of balance sheet and statement of profit and loss. In addition, the consolidated financial statements shall disclose the information as per the requirements specified in the applicable Accounting Standards including the following:

(i) Profit or loss attributable to “minority interest” and to owners of the parent in the statement of profit and loss shall be presented as allocation for the period.

(ii) “Minority interests” in the balance sheet within equity shall be presented separately from the equity of the owners of the parent.

2. In Consolidated Financial Statements, the following shall be disclosed by way of additional information:

 

Name of the entity in the

Net Assets, i.e., total assets minus total liabilities

Share in profit or loss

 

As % of consolidated net assets

Amount

As % of consolidated profit or loss

Amount

1

2

3

4

5

Parent Subsidiaries Indian

       

1.

       

2.

       

3.

       

.

       

.

       

Foreign

       

1.

       

2.

       

3.

       

.

       

.

       

Minority Interests in all subsidiaries

       

Associates (Investment as per the equity method) Indian

       

1.

       

2.

       

3.

       

.

       

.

       

Foreign

       

1.

       

2.

       

3.

       

.

       

.

       

Joint Ventures (as per pro­portionateconsolidation/ investment as per the equity method) Indian

       

1.

       

2.

       

3.

       

.

       

Foreign

       

1.

       

2.

       

3.

       

.

       

.

       

Total

       

 

3. All subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures (whether Indian or foreign) will be covered under consolidated financial statements.

4. An entity shall disclose the list of subsidiaries or associates or joint ventures which have not been consolidated in the consolidated financial statements along with the reasons of not consolidating.

Notes

 

1. Schedule III of the 2013 Act deals with instructions for prepation of Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss of account of a company under section 129 of the 2013 act. Schedule III also provides for the instructions for prepation of Consolidated Financial Statements to be filed by holding companies in corporating the financial statements of its subsidiaries.

2. Schedule III of the 2013 Act corresponds to Schedule VI of the 1956 Act. See also Schedule VI of the 1956 Act.

3. See also section 129 of the 2013 Act for commentary on Schedule III of the 2013 Act. It will also be relevant to refer to Rule VI of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.

Division II

 Financial Statements for a company whose financial statements are drawn up in compliance of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015.

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