(Short Answers Type Questions)
Q.1. Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh share international boundaries with which country? [CBSE 2017]
Q.2. Which country’s land boundary is surrounded by India’s land boundary in the north-west ? [CBSE 2017]
Ans. Pakistan’s land boundary is surrounded by India’s land boundary in the north-west.
Q.3. Which neighbouring country is located in the West of India? [CBSE 2017]
Q.4. Which Strait separates Sri Lanka from India? [CBSE 2017]
Ans. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.
Q.5. Mention the latitudinal extent of India. How does it influence the duration of the day and night at different places? [CBSE 2017]
(a) The latitudinal extent of India is 8°4'N and 37°6'N.
(b) The day and night are near to the same duration at the equator. As Kanniyakumari is quite near the equator at 8°4'N the day-night difference is hardly one hour there, and therefore, the difference in duration of day and night is hardly felt at Kanniyakumari.
On the other hand, as we move away from the equator to the poles the variations in duration of day and night become greater. Kashmir is over 30° away from the equator and so the difference in duration of day and night is more there and we feel that difference.
Q.6. Which two island countries are India’s neighbours? [CBSE 2016]
Ans. Sri Lanka and the Maldives are the two island countries.