Previous Year Questions - Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Social Studies (SST) Class 10

Class 10 : Previous Year Questions - Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document Previous Year Questions - Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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Short Answer Questions

Q. 1. “Democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities?” Justify the statement. [CBSE 2019, 32/2/3]
Ans.
It is true. The following points justify that:
(i) A small num ber o f ultra-rich enjoy a disproportionate share of wealth and income. Not only that, their share in the total income of the country has been increasing.
(ii) Those at the bottom of the society have very little to depend upon. Their incomes have been declining.
(iii) Sometimes, they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life, such as food, clothing, housing, education and health.
In actual life, democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities.

Q. 2. Describe any five outcomes of democracy. [CBSE Delhi 2019 32/1/32]
Ans
(i) The first step towards evaluating outcome of democracy is to recognise that democracy is just a form of government. It means democracy provides an opportunity and it is the citizens who can take advantage of it.
(ii) The most basic outcome of democracy is that it is accountable to citizens and responsive to their needs and expectations.
(iii) Another outcome of democracy is that it is a legitimate government. It means all decisions are taken as per the constitution only.
(iv) Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation, though it results in delays. It ensures that decision making is based on norms and procedures and allows transparency. Develops mechanisms for citizens to hold the government accountable.
(v) Set up following practices and institutions: regular, free and fair elections; open public debate on major policies and legislations; and citizens’ right to information about the government and its functioning.

Q. 3. Why is there an overwhelming support to democracy all over the world ? Explain one reason. [CBSE (AI) 2017]
Ans.
It is because democracy is accountable, responsive and legitimate government.

Q. 4. On the basis of which values will it be a fair expectation that democracy should produce a harmonious social life? Explain. [CBSE (AI) 2017]
Ans.
The values that are associated with democracy producing a harmonious social life are; (i) Equality among all human beings.
(ii) Respect for individual freedom.
(iii) Democracies accommodate various social divisions.
(iv) Democracies reduce the possibility of tensions becoming explosive or violent.
(v) Ability to handle social differences, divisions and conflicts.

Q. 5. How can you say that democracy is better than dictatorship?
OR
Which values make democracy better than any other form of government? Explain. [CBSE (F) 2017]
OR
Analyse any three values that make democracy better. [CBSE Delhi 2017]
Ans.
(i) Democracy promotes equality among citizens as it is people’s own government.
(ii) It enhances the dignity of the individual
(iii) It also improves the quality of decision-making
(iv) It provides methods to resolve conflicts, if any
(v) Only democracy allows room to correct mistakes
(vi) It is a legitimate government
(vii) Gives equal status and respect to women and weaker sections.
(viii) It promotes transparency.
(ix) Values of social justice, equality, fraternity.
(x) It gives importance to public opinion.
(xi) It provides rights to people.
(xii) It gives the feeling of collective belonging.
(xiii) It encompasses the feeling of integrity secularism and tolerance.
(xiv) It inculcates the feeling of integrity feeling of integrity and dutifulness.
(xv) It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive or clean. A democratic government is the people’s own government.
(xvi) There is an overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world—in countries with democratic regimes as well as with non-democratic regimes.

Q. 6. “Democracy is accountable and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens.” Evaluate the statement. [CBSE (Comptt) 2017]
OR

“Democratic government is known as responsive government.” Assess the statement. [CBSE (Comptt) 2017]
Ans.
Democracy is accountable and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens
 1. The most basic outcome of democracy is that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens , and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens. Economic growth and development -level of economic development is slow because of delays in decision making. Accommodation of social diversity - majority should work with minority. Dignity and freedom of citizens-every individual wants to receive respect from fellow beings. Equality for women.

Q. 7. How does democracy stand better to any other form of government in promoting the dignity and freedom of the citizens ? Explain with examples. [CBSE (Comptt) 2017]
Ans. Democracy stands better to any other form of government in promoting the dignity and freedom of citizens:
1. The passion for respect and freedom are the basis of democracy which is recognized throughout the world in principle.
2. Dignity of women : Democracy provides dignity to women by giving them the freedom to fight for their rights.
3. Right to equality: equal status and equal opportunity has a legal sanction in democracy.
4. Individual freedom : In democracy every individual has the freedom to pursue his goal.

Q. 8. “Democratic government is legitimate government”? Support the statement with arguments. [CBSE Delhi 2016]
OR
How is ‘democratic government’ a ‘legitimate government’? Explain with examples. [CBSE Delhi 2017]
Ans.
Democratic government is a legitimate government: It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive or clean. But a democratic government is peoples’ own government. That is why there is an overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world. People wished to be ruled by representatives elected by them. They also believe that democracy is suitable for their country. Democracy’s ability to generate its own support is itself an outcome that cannot be ignored.
Democractic Government known as legitimate government:
(i) Democracy produce a government that follows and is accountable to the people.
(ii) It provides mechanism for citizens to hold the government accountable and allows citizens to take part in decision making whenever they think fit.
(iii) If you wanted to measure democracies on the basis of this expected outcome you would look for the following practices and institutions regular free and fair election, open public debate on major policies.

Q. 9. Democracy accommodates social diversities. Support the statement with examples. [CBSE (AI) 2016]
OR
How is social diversity accommodated in democracy ? Explain with examples. [CBSE (Al) 2017]
Ans. “Democracy accommodates social diversities”.
Democracy develops a mechanism which successfully negotiates difference among ethnic population.
(i) Democracies develop a procedure to conduct their competition. This reduces the possibility of these tensions becoming explosive or violent.
(ii) No society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups. Rut we can certainly learn to respect these differences and can evolve mechanism to negotiate these differences.
(iii) Ability to handle social differences , divisions and conflicts is thus a definite plus point of democratic regimes.
(iv) For example: Belgium has successfully negotiated differences among ethnic population. This reduces the possibility of tensions.

Q. 10. Explain any one difference between a pressure group and a political party. [CASE (AI) 2017]
Ans.
One difference between a pressure group and a political party is ® Political parties contest elections and hold power in the government while pressure groups attempt to influence government policies.

Q. 11. Explain the meaning of transparency in democracy. [CBSE (AI) 2017]
Ans. 
In democracy, decision making are based on norms and procedures. A citizen has the right and the means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency.

Q. 12. Suggest some broad guidelines that can be kept in mind while devising ways and means for political reforms in India. [C-BST Sample Paper 2016]
Ans.
Guidelines for political reform:
(i) Any legal change must carefully look at what results it will have on politics. Sometimes, the results may be counter-productive.
(ii) The main focus of political reforms should be on ways to strengthen democratic practice.
(iii) Any proposal for political reforms should think not only about what is a good solution but also about who will implement it and how?

Q. 13. “Democratic governments in practice are known as accountable.” Support the statement with arguments. [CBSE (F) 2016]
Ans.
Democratic governments in practice are accountable:
(i) It is right to expect democracy to produce a government that follows procedures and is accountable to the people.
(ii) It is also expected that the democratic government develops mechanisms for citizens to take part in decision making whenever they think it is fit.
(iii) The democratic government is accountable to the people. If it ignores the will of the people, they will not elect their ruler in the next general election.
(iv) The procedures and decision making process should be transparent for democratic government to be accountable to the people.


Long Answer Questions

Q. 1. How does democracy product; an accountable, responsive and legitimate government? Discuss by giving five reasons . [CBSE Sample Paper 2016 ]
OR

Describe the importance of democratic government as an accountable and legitimate government.   [CBSE Delhi 2019,32/1/1]
Ans. (i) In a democracy, people have the right to elect their rulers and participate in decision making that affects! them; all. Government thus, is accountable to the citizens and responsive to their rieeds and expectations. -
(ii) Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation, though it results in delays. It ensures tljiat decision making is based on norms and procedures and allows transparency. Develops mechanisms for citizens to hold the government accountable.
(iii) Set up following pijactices and institutions: regular, free and fair elections; open public debate on major policies and legislations; and citizens’ right to information about the government and its functioning.
(iv) It may be reasonable to expect from democracy a government that is attentive to the needs and demands of the people and is largely free of corruption. Though the record of democracies is riot impressive on these two counts.
(v) Democratic government is a legitimate government. It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive or clean, but is people’s own government. People wish to be ruled by representatives clccjed by them

Q. 2. How are the democratic governments better than the dier forms of governments? Justify the statement. Delhi 2016, 2019 32/1/3, 32/2/3]
OR
“Democracy is a better form of government than any (her form of government.” Analyse the statement with arguments. [CBSE Delhi 2016]
Ans.
Democracy is a better form of government when compfed with dictatorship or any other alternative form of government because :
(i) Democratic governments have formal constitute, while not in other form of governments.
(ii) They hold regular elections, while not in other fortof governments.
(iii) They have political parties, unlike other forms of governments.
(iv) Democracy guarantee rights of citizens.
(v) Democratic governments allow room to correct misses, while not in the other form of government.
(vi) Such government accommodates social diversities, wfe not in other form of government.
(vii) Promotes equality among citizens.
(viii) Enhances the dignity of the individual.
(ix) Improves the quality of decision making.
(x) Provides a method to resolve conflicts.

Q.3. Complaints are treated as testimony to the success of democracy.” Justify the statement. [CBSE 2017-18C]
Ans. 
(i) Expectations from democracy function as the criteria for judging any democratic country.
(ii) In democracy its examination never gets over. As democracy passes over one test, it produces another test. As people get some benefits of democracy, they ask for more and want to make democracy even better.
(iii) People always come up with more expectations and complaints.
(iv) Thus, the fact that people are complaining is itself a testimony to the success of democracy.
(v) It shows that people have developed awareness and ability to expect and to look critically at powerholders.
(vi) A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of the democratic project. It transforms people from the status of a subject into that of a citizen. Most individuals today believe that their vote makes a difference to the way the government is run and to their own self-interest.

Q. 4. Describe any five characteristics of democracy. [CBSE (Al) 2017]
Ans.
Democracy is a better form of government from any other fm of government:
(i) Democracy promotes equality among citizens.
(ii) Enhances the dignity of the individual.
(iii) Improves the quality of decision making.
(iv) Provides method to resolve conflicts.
(v) Accountable, responsive and legitimate government.
(vi) Reduction of inequality and poverty.
(vii) It promotes transparency.

Q. 5. “A democracy must look after the interests of all, not just one section.” Support the statement with arguments.  [CBSE (F) 2017]
Ans.
Democracy must look after the interest of all because:
(i) Democracy believes in and work for equality.
(ii) It has the ability jto handle social differences irrespective of religion or race or linguistic group, etc.  
(iii) It gives equal treatment to women.
(iv) It cares equally for majority and minority.
(v) Democracy in India has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged.
(vi) It tries to providiej equal opportunities to minority and depressed classe.
(vii) Ordinary citizens value their democratic rights.
(viii) Democracy shows that people have developed awareness.
(ix) It has the ability to expect and look critically at power holders.

Q. 6. “No party system is ideal for all countries and in all situations.” Analyse the statement. [CBSE (All) 2017, CBSE (F) 2016]
Ans.
Party system is not something any country can choose:
(i) It evolves over a long time, depending on the nature of society.
(ii) It depends on social and regional divisions.
(iii) It depends on history of politics and its system, of elections.
(iv) These cannot be changed very quickly.
(v) Each country develops a party system that is conditioned by its special circumstances.

Q. 7. “Democracy stands much! superior in promoting dignity and freedom of the citizens.” J ustify the statement. [CBSE Delhi 2017, CBSE (Al) 2016]
Ans.
“ Democracy stands much Superior in promoting dignity and freedom of the citizens” :
(i) Every individual wanfs to receive respect from fellow beings.
(ii) The passion for respejct and freedom are basis of democracy.
(iii) Democracies throughput the world have recognized this. It has been achieved in various degrees in various democracies.
(iv) Long struggles by woijnen have got them respect and equal treatment and now accepted as necessary ingredients of a democratic society.
(v) In many democracies,| women were deprived of their right to vote for a long time which they have achieved new.
(vi) In India, l/3rd of seatjs have been reserved for women in local bodies.
(vii) Democracy has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated castes for equal status and equal opportunity.
(viii) Legal basis which works o.n the principle of individual freedom and dignity.

Q. 8. Evidence shows that in practice, many democracy did not fulfil the expectation of producing economic development in the country. Vaidate the statement with the help of relevant example. [CBSE Sample Paper 2016]
Ans.
If we consider all democracies and all dictatorships for he fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have slightly higher rate of economic growth.
Economic development depends on several factors: country's population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic prioritks alopted by the country, etc.
However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible. Overall, it cannot be said that democracy is a guarantee of economic development But we can expect democracy not to lag behind dictatorships in this respect.
When such a significant difference in the rates of etoncpic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer demtjracy as it has several other positive outcomes.

Q. 9. “A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of democratic project.” Justify the statement. [CBSE (F) 2016]
Ans. 
“A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of democratic project:”
(i) As democracy passes one test, it produces ano ther test. As people get some benefits of democracy they ask for more and want to make democracy even better.
(ii) That is why when we ask people about the way democracy functions, they will always come up with more expectations, and many co mplaints.
(iii) The fact that people are complaining is itself a testimony to the success of democracy; it shows that people have developed awareness and the ability to expect and to look critically at power holders and the high and the mighty.
(iv) A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of the democratic project; it transforms people forms the states of subject into that of a citizen
(v) Most individuals today believe that their vote makes a difference to the way the government is run and to their own self interest.

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