Q.1. The community government in Belgium is a good example of which form of power-sharing? [CBSE 2016-17]
Ans. Power-sharing among governments at different levels.
Q.2. Which is the third unique form of government practiced in Belgium?
Apart from the central and the state government, what is the other form of government in Belgium?
Ans. Apart from central and the state government, there is a third kind of government viz community government elected by people belonging to one language community - Dutch, French, and German-speaking - no matter where they live.
Q.3. Which type of powers does the communist government of Belgium enjoy? [CBSE 2016-17]
Ans. The community government has the power regarding cultural, educational, and language-related issues.
Q.4. Which system of power-sharing is called checks and balances?
Ans. The horizontal distribution of power-sharing arrangements is known as the system of checks and balances.
Q.1. When did Sri Lanka become independent? How did the Sinhala community seek to secure dominance over government and why? What were its effects? [CBSE 2016-17]
(1) Sri Lanka became independent in 1948.
(2) The Sinhala community by virtue of their majority sought to secure dominance over the government by adopting following measures:
Q.2. Power-sharing is the very spirit of democracy. [CBSE 2016-17]
(1) Prudential reason: It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. It brings out better outcomes,
Example: In India seats in the Parliament and assemblies have been reserved for weaker sections.
(2) Moral reason:
Q.3. Differentiate between horizontal and vertical division of powers. [CBSE 2011]
Horizontal division of powers:
Vertical division of powers:
Q.4. Which are the different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies? [CBSE 2016]
(1) Power-sharing among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive, and judiciary.
(2) Power-sharing among governments at different levels i.e, national, state, and local levels.
(3) Power-sharing among different social groups such as religious and linguistic groups.
Example: community government in Belgium.
(4) Power-sharing among political parties, pressure groups, etc.
Political parties with different ideologies may come together and form a coalition government as has happened in India.