Q.1. What was the Bastille?
Who had stormed the Bastille during the last years of the 18th century? [CBSE 2017]
Ans. The Bastille was the fortress-prison that was stormed by the people of Paris on 14 July 1789.
Q.1. Explain the “Reign of Terror” in brief. [CBSE 2015]
The following points explain the Reign of Terror:
(a) The period from 1793 to 1794 is called the Reign of Terror because Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment. Ex-nobles, clergy, members of other political parties, and even the members of his own party, who did not agree with his methods, were arrested, imprisoned, and guillotined.(b) Laws were issued by Robespierre's government laws were issued by placing a maximum ceiling of wages and prices. Meat and bread were rationed.
(c) Peasants were forced to transport their grain to the cities and sell it at prices fixed by the government. The use of more expensive white flour was forbidden; all citizens were required to eat equal bread.
(d) Equality was also sought to be practiced through forms of speech and address. Instead of the traditional Sir and Madam, French men and women were addressed as citizens.
(e) Churches were shut down and their buildings converted into barracks or offices. Finally, Robespierre was convicted by a court in July 1794, arrested, and the next day, sent to the guillotine.
Q.2. Explain the features of the constitution of France drafted in 1791. [CBSE 2015]