JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

JEE: JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

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Q 1. The figure gives experimentally measured B vs H variation in a ferromagnetic material. The retentivity, coercivity and saturation, respectively, of the material are    [2020]
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
(1) 1.5 T, 50 A/m and 1.0 T
(2) 1.5 T, 50 A/m and 1.0 T
(3) 150 A/m, 1.0 T and 1.5 T
(4) 1.0 T, 50 A/m and 1.5 T
Ans:
(4)
Solution:
From the given graph, we have
Retentivity = 1.0 T
It is the ability of a substance to retain or resist magnetization.
Coercivity = 50 A/m
It is the resistance of a magnetic material to changes in magnetization.
And    Saturation = 1.5 T

Q 2. Consider a circular coil of wire carrying constant current I, forming a magnetic dipole. The magnetic flux through an infinite plane that contains the circular coil and excluding the circular coil area is given by ϕi. The magnetic flux through the area of the circular coil area is given by ϕ0.   Which of the following option is correct?    [2020]
(1) ϕi = ϕ0 
(2) ϕi > ϕ0 
(3) ϕi < ϕ0 
(4) ϕi =−ϕ0 
Ans: (4)
Solution:
Given, circular coil curving current and forming magnetic dipole.
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
ϕi is magnetic flux through an infinite plane containing circular coil and excluding circular coil area.
ϕ0 is magnetic flux through the area of circular coil.
Since, magnetic field forms closed loop so magnetic flux passing through area of circular coil and outside must be equal but opposite in direction
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Therefore,
ϕi = -ϕ0

Q 3. A loop ABCDEFA of straight edges has six corner points A(0, 0, 0), B(5, 0, 0), C(5, 5, 0), D(0, 5, 0), E(0,5, 5) and F(0, 0, 5). The magnetic field in this region is JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE The quantity of flux through the loop ABCDEFA (in Wb) is ______.    [2020]
Ans:  
175
Solution: 
Given that
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE 
Corner points of loop ABCDEFA are A(0, 0, 0), B(5, 0, 0), C(5, 5, 0), D(0, 5, 0), E(0, 5, 5) and F(0, 0, 5).
Area vector of loop is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Magnetic flux is given by
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 4. A particle of mass m and charge q has an initial velocity JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE If an electric field JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE and magnetic field JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE act on the particle, its speed will double after a time    [2020]
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Ans: (3)
Solution:
Given that JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Force acting on charge along x-axis is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
So, acceleration is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE      (1)
We need to find the time when speed will be double, that is,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
From Eq. (1), we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 5. Proton with kinetic energy of 1 MeV moves from south to north. It gets an acceleration of 1012 m/s2 by an applied magnetic field (west to east). The value of magnetic field (Rest mass of proton is 1.6 × 10−27 kg)     [2020]
(1) 0.71 mT
(2) 7.1 mT
(3) 0.071 mT
(4) 71 mT
Ans:
(1)
Solution:
Given that
K = 1MeV = 1 x 106 x 1.6 x 10-19 J = 1.6 x 10-13 J
m= 1.6 x 10-27 kg, q = 1.6 x 10-16 C
a = 1012 m/s2

JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Force on a moving charge particle in a magnetic field is given by
F qvB = sinθ
Here  θ = 90
So,
F = qvB
and   F = ma
So, ma = qvB
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
We know that
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Then,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 6. A very long wire ABDMNDC is shown in figure carrying current I. AB and BC parts are straight, long and at a right angle. At D, wire forms a circular turn DMND of radius R. AB, BC parts are tangential to circular turn at N and D. Magnetic field at the centre of circle is    [2020]
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Ans: (1)
Solution:
There are three magnetic fields act at the centre of the circle, that is
Magnetic field due to straight part of wire AB, that is,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Since, perpendicular distance between wire part AB and centre of circle is R. Direction of field of inside the paper.
Magnetic field due to circular part of wire DMND, that is,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Direction of field is outside the paper.
Magnetic field due to straight part of wire BDC, that is,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Since, perpendicular distance between wire part BDC and centre of circle is R. Direction of field is outside the paper.
Therefore, total magnetic field act at the centre of the circle DMND is given by
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Since, we are taking the direction outside the paper as reference so the inside magnetic field become negative.
So,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 7. A galvanometer having a coil resistance 100 Ω gives a full scale deflection when a current of 1 mA is sped through it. What is the value of the resistance which can convert this galvanometer into a voltmeter giving full scale deflection for a potential difference of 10 V?    [2020]
(1) 10 kΩ
(2) 8.9 kΩ
(3) 7.9 kΩ
(4) 9.9 kΩ
Ans:
(4)
Solution:
Given that
Rg = 100Ω, Ig = 1mA = 1 x 10-3A, V = 10V
To make galvanometer to voltmeter, we add a resistance in series
So,
V = Ig(R + Rg)
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 8. A long, straight wire of radius 'a' carries a current distributed uniformly over its cross-section. The ratio of the magnetic fields due to the wire at distance a/3 and 2a, respectively from the axis of the wire is     [2020]
(1) 2/3
(2) 2
(3) 1/2
(4) 3/2
Ans: 
(1)
Solution:
Given condition is shown in the following circuit figure
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE 
Let current density of the given wire b J
Applying Ampere's law, we have
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

At point A distance a/3, we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE    (1)
At point B distance 2a , we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE    (2)
From Eqs. (1) and (2), we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE


Q 9. A charged particle of mass m and charge q moving under the influence of uniform electric field JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE and a uniform magnetic field  JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE follows a trajectory from point P to Q as shown in figure. The velocities at P and Q are respectively, JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE Then which of the following statements (A, B, C, D) are correct? (Trajectory shown is schematic and is not to scale)    [2020]
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
(B) Rate of work done by the electric field at P is JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
(C) Rate of work done by both the fields at Q is zero
(D) The difference between the magnitude of angular momentum of the particle at P and Q is 2 mav.
(1) (A), (C), (D)
(2) (B), (C), (D)
(3) (A), (B), (C)
(4) (A), (B), (C), (D)

Ans: (3)
Solution: 
Solving for point (A):
From work energy theorem, we have
WMF + WEF = ΔK
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
So, point (A) is true.
Solving for point (B):
Rate of work done by electric filed = Power of electric field
Power of electric filed  = FEF x v
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
So, point (B) is true.
Solving for point (C):
At point Q,
Total rate of work done = Rate of work done by electric filed + Rate of work done by magnetic field
Rate of work done by magnetic field = 0 W (Since, force and displacement are perpendicular)
Rate of work done by electric field = 0 W (Since, force and displacement are perpendicular)
Therefore, total rate of work done at point Q by both fields = 0 W
So, point (C) is true
Solving for point (D):
Initial angular momentum is
Li = fmva
Final angular momentum is
Lf =  m(2v)(2a)  =4mva
Change in angular momentum is
ΔL = Lf - Li = 4mva - mva = 3mva
So, point (D) is not true.

Q 10. An electron gun is placed inside a long solenoid of radius R on its axis. The solenoid has n turns/length and carries a current I. The electron gun shoots an electron along the radius of the solenoid with speed v. If the electron does not hit the surface of the solenoid, maximum possible value of v is (all symbols have their standard meaning)    [2020] 

JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Ans: (2)
Solution:
 The maximum possible radius of electron for which it does not hit the surface is
r = R/2    .. (1)
Radius of circular motion of a charge particle in a magnetic field is given by
r = mv/qB     .. (2)
From Eqs. (1) and (2), we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Since, magnetic field due to solenoid is given by
B = μ0nI

 

Q 11. A current loop, having two circular arcs joined by two radial lines is shown in the figure. It carries a current of 10 A. The magnetic field at point O will be close to    [2019]
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

(1) 1.0 × 10−7 T
(2) 1.5 × 10−7 T
(3) 1.5 × 10−5 T
(4) 1.0 × 10−5 T
Ans:
(4)
Solution:
Let B be the magnetic field at point O due to are of radius r.
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Given r1 = 3 cm = 3 × 10−2 m, r2 = 5 cm = 5 × 10−2 cm,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Therefore,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Since, both arcs have opposite direction of current
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 12. An infinitely long current-carrying wire and a small current-carrying loop are in the plane of the paper as shown. The radius of the loop is a and distance of its center from the wire is d (d ≫ a). If the loop applies a force F on the wire, then    [2019]
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Ans:
(4)
Solution:
Let the effective length of magnet be l.
So, magnetic moment is
M = i2πa2 × n       (number of turns, n = 1)
= i2πa2 = ml

JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Suppose iw is the current flowing through the wire. The force on north pole of magnet = mB and the force on south pole of magnet = mB. Then, resultant force is
F = 2mBcosθ
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
l << d, so l can be neglected.
Therefore,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 13. A particle having the same charge as of electron moves in a circular path of radius 0.5 cm under the influence of a magnetic field of 0.5 T. If an electric field of 100 V/m makes it to move in a straight path, the mass of the particle is (Given charge of electron = 1.6 × 10−19 C)    [2019]
(1) 9.1 × 10−31 kg
(2) 16 × 10−27 kg
(3) 1.6 × 10−19 kg
(4) 2.0 × 10−24 kg
Ans:
(4)
Solution: Suppose a particle of mass m and charge q, entering a uniform magnetic field induction B at O with velocity V.
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
The force acting on the charge particle due to magnetic field is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
The force F on the charged particle due to magnetic field provides the required centripetal force necessary for motion along the circular path of radius r
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
From Eq. (1) and Eq. (2), we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Force due to electric field is
F = qE
Since, both are in straight line, then
qvB = qE
⇒ E = vB         (4)
From Eq. (3) and Eq. (4), we have
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 14. One of the two identical conducting wires of length L is bent in the form of a circular loop and the other one into a circular coil of N identical turns. If the same current is passed in both, the ratio of the magnetic field at the central of the loop (BL) to that at the centre of the coil (BC), that is,JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEEwill be    [2019]
(1) N
(2) 1/N
(3) N2

(4) 1/N2
Ans: 
(4)
Solution:
Let R be the radius of loop and r be the radius of circular coil of N turn.

For Loop,
L = 2πR       (1)
For coil,
L = N × 2πr        (2)
Fron Eq.(1) and Eq. (2), we get
R = Nr
Magnetic field at the centre of loop is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Magnetic field at the centre of coil is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 15. In an experiment, electrons are accelerated, from rest, by applying a voltage of 500 V. Calculate the radius of the path if a magnetic field 100 mT is then applied. (Charge of the electron = 1.6 × 10−19 C  Mass of the electron = 9.1 × 10−31 kg)    [2019]
(1) 7.5 × 10−3 m
(2) 7.5 m
(3) 7.5 × 10−2 m
(4) 7.5 × 10−4 m
Ans: 
(4)
Solution:
We know
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 16. A galvanometer having a resistance of 20 Ω and 30 divisions on both sides has figure of merit 0.005 ampere/division. The resistance that should be connected in series such that it can be used as a voltmeter up to 15 V, is    [2019]
(1) 100 Ω
(2) 120 Ω
(3) 80 Ω
(4) 125 Ω
Ans: 
(3)
Solution:
Deflection current is
i0 = nk
= 30 × 0.005

Thus, V = IR
⇒ 15 = (0.05 × 30 × 20) + (30 × 0.005 × R)

⇒ 15 = 3 + 0.15R
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 17. The region between y = 0 and y = d contains a magnetic field JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE A particle of mass m and charge q enters the region with a velocity JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE the acceleration of the charged particle at the point of its emergence at the other side is    [2019]
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Ans:
(*)
*Disputed question – None of the options is correct.
Solution:
Let us suppose that particles enter from circular path with center (0, d).

Radius of circular path is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 18. A particle of mass m and charge q is in an electric and magnetic field given by  JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE The charged particle is shifted from the origin to the point P (x = 1; y = 1) along a straight path. The magnitude of the total work done is    [2019]
(1) (0.35)q
(2) (5)q
(3) (2.5)q
(4) (0.15)q

Ans: (2)
Solution:
Electric and magnetic field is given by
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Work done by magnetic force = 0
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
So,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Therefore, work done by electric fieldJEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 19. The galvanometer deflection, when key K1 is closed but K2 is open, equals θ0 (see figure). On closing K2 also and adjusting R2 to 5 Ω, the deflection in galvanometer becomes θ0 / 5. The resistance of the galvanometer is, then, given by (neglect the internal resistance of battery)    [2019]
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

(1) 5 Ω
(2) 22 Ω
(3) 25 Ω
(4) 12 Ω
Ans:
(2)
Solution:
Let Rg is resistance of galvanometer
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Case II
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE       (2)
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
⇒ 225Rg + 1100 = 5500 + 25Rg
⇒ 225Rg – 25Rg – 5500 – 1100
⇒ 200Rg = 4400
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 20. A galvanometer, whose resistance is 50 Ω, has 25 divisions in it. When a current of 4 × 10−4 A passes through it, its needle (pointer) deflects by one division. To use this galvanometer as a voltmeter of range 2.5 V, it should be connected to a resistance of    [2019]
(1) 250 Ω
(2) 200 Ω
(3) 6200 Ω
(4) 6250 Ω
Ans: 
(2)
Solution: Current flowing through galvanometer is  Ig = 4 × 10–4 × 25
= 10−2 A
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Now,
2.5 = (50 + R) × Ig      [V = IR]
⇒ 2.5 = (50 + R) × 10−2
⇒ 2.5 × 102 = 50 + R
⇒ 250 = 50 + R
⇒ R = 200 Ω

Q 21. A bar magnet is demagnetized by inserting it inside a solenoid of length 0.2 m, 100 turns, and carrying a current of 5.2 A. The coercivity of the bar magnet is    [2019]
(1) 285 A/m
(2) 2600 A/m
(3) 520 A/m
(4) 1200 A/m
Ans:
(2)
Solution:
Bar magnet requires a magnetic intensity μ.
The current through the solenoid is,
i = μ/n.
⇒ μ = i x n        (1)
Let n be the turns per unit length.
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Put this value in Eq. (1), we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 22. A magnet of total magnetic moment JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE is placed in a time varying magnetic field, JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE where B = 1 Tesla and ω = 0.125 rad/s. The work done for reversing the direction of the magnetic moment at t = 1 s, is    [2019]
(1) 0.01 J
(2) 0.007 J
(3) 0.028 J
(4) 0.014 J
Ans:
(*)
*Disputed question – None of the options is correct.
Solution:
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
B = cos(0.125)
Therefore, Work done is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 23. An insulating thin rod of length l has a linear charge density JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE on it. The rod is rotated about an axis passing through the origin (x = 0) and perpendicular to the rod. If the rod makes n rotations per second, then the time averaged magnetic moment of the rod is    [2019]
(1) πnρl3
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
(4) nρl3

Ans: (3)
Solution:
Magnetic moment M = NIA
Charge of element dq = ρdx
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Magnetic moment of this charge element = JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Integrating both the sides, we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 24. A hoop and a solid cylinder of same mass and radius are made of a permanent magnetic material with their magnetic moment parallel to their respective axes. But the magnetic moment of hoop is twice of solid cylinder. They are placed in a uniform magnetic field in such a manner that their magnetic moments make a small angle with the field. If the oscillation periods of hoop and cylinder are Th and Tc respectively, then    [2019]
(1) Th = T
(2) Th = 2Tc 
(3) Th = 1.5T
(4) Th = 0.5Tc
Ans:
(1)
Solution:
Let μ be the magnetic moment, M masses of hoop and solid cylinder and R is the radius of hoop and solid cylinder.

Oscillation period of hoop is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE        (1) [T= MR2]
Oscillation period of cylinder is
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
Dividing Eq. (1) by Eq. (2), we get
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

Q 25. At some location on Earth, the horizontal component of Earth’s magnetic field is 18 × 10−6 T. At this location, magnetic needle of length 0.12 m and pole strength 1.8 A-m is suspended from its mid-point using a thread, it makes 45° angle with horizontal in equilibrium. To keep this needle horizontal, the vertical force that should be applied at one of its ends is    [2019]
(1) 3.6 × 10−5 N
(2) 1.8 × 10−5 N
(3) 1.3 × 10−5 N
(4) 6.5 × 10−5 N
Ans:
(4)
Solution:
We have,
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE.
JEE Main Previous year questions (2016-20): Moving Charges & Magnetism- 1 Notes | Study Physics For JEE - JEE

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