Principles of Comparison of Adjectives Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8

Class 8: Principles of Comparison of Adjectives Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8

The document Principles of Comparison of Adjectives Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8 is a part of the Class 8 Course English Class 8.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8

There are three degrees of comparison: 

1. The Positive Degree
 2. The Comparative Degree
 3. The Superlative Degree

1. The Positive Degree of an adjective is used when we do not make any comparison.
 For example:
 Rajat is an intelligent boy.
 Mamta is a tall girl.
 Here, the words intelligent and tall are said to be in the positive degree. 

2. The Comparative Degree of an adjective is used when we compare two persons or things.
 For example:
 Anil is more intelligent than Rajat.
 Riya is taller than Mohita.
 Here, the words more intelligent and taller are said to be in the comparative degree. 

3. The Superlative Degree of an adjective is used when we compare more than two persons or things.
 For example:
 Sajal is the most intelligent of the three.
 Neha is the tallest of the three.
 Here, the words most intelligent and tallest are said to be in the superlative degree.

Remember these points 

1. The positive degree of an adjective is the adjective itself in its simple (original) form. It is used to denote the mere existence of a quality we speak of.

2. The comparative degree of an adjective denotes a higher degree of quality than the positive degree. 

3. The superlative degree of an adjective denotes the highest degree of the quality. 

4. The comparative degree is generally followed by the word than and the superlative degree is preceded by the and followed by of.

5. Adjectives like superior, inferior, senior, junior are followed by to.

 

FORMATION OF COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE DEGREES

1. By adding –er and –est to the positive degree.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
greatgreatergreatest
highhigherhighest
lowlowerlowest
deepdeeperdeepest
strongstrongerstrongest
boldbolderboldest
talltallertallest
richricherrichest
youngyoungeryoungest

 

2. By adding –r and –st to the positive degree ending in –e.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
noblenoblernoblest
ableablerablest
bravebraverbravest
largelargerlargest
wisewiserwisest
densedenserdensest
safesafersafest

 

3. By changing the last ‘y’ of the positive degree into ‘e’ and adding –er and –est.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
lazylazierlaziest
happyhappierhappiest
drydrierdriest
busybusierbusiest
prettyprettierprettiest
healthyhealthierhealthiest

 

4. By doubling the final (last) consonant of positive degree if preceded by a vowel and then adding –er and –est.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
bigbiggerbiggest
hothotterhottest
thinthinnerthinnest
fatfatterfattest
sadsaddersaddest
wetwetterwettest

 

5. By adding more to the positive degree to form the comparative degree and most to form the superlative degree. Remember that these adjectives are usually of two syllables and more than two syllables.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
carefulmore carefulmost careful
importantmore importantmost important
interestingmore interestingmost interesting
powerfulmore powerfulmost powerful
obedientmore obedientmost obedient
beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful
intelligentmore intelligentmost intelligent
pleasantmore pleasantmost pleasant
difficultmore difficultmost difficult
famousmore famousmost famous
popularmore popularmost popular

 

6. By comparing in irregular way.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
goodbetterbest
badworseworst
farfartherfarthest
latelaterlatest
littlelessleast
many, muchmoremost
oldolder, elderoldest, eldest

 

Note: Double comparatives and double  superlatives are not used. 
 For example:
Incorrect : He is more taller than his brother.
Correct : He is taller than his brother.
Incorrect : He is the most best boy in the class.
Correct : He is the best boy in the class.

The document Principles of Comparison of Adjectives Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8 is a part of the Class 8 Course English Class 8.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8
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