There are four genders:
1. Masculine Gender
2. Feminine Gender
3. Common Gender
4. Neuter Gender
1. Masculine Gender: A noun that denotes a male person or animal is said to be of the masculine gender; e.g., tiger, emperor, prince, son, etc.
2. Feminine Gender: A noun that denotes a female person or animal is said to be of the feminine gender; e.g., tigress, empress, princess, daughter, etc.
3. Common Gender: A noun that denotes both a male and a female is said to be of the common gender; e.g., teacher, doctor, student, friend, parent, baby, etc.
4. Neuter Gender: Any noun that denotes a non-living thing is said to be of the Neuter gender; e.g., table, television, pen, desk, house, temple, mosque, etc.
FORMATION OF FEMININE GENDER OF NOUNS
There are three ways in which masculine nouns can be changed into feminine nouns.
1. By adding –ess to the masculine:
Sometimes the form is slightly changed before adding –ess:
2. By using different words:
3. Feminines of compound nouns – We change the chief word of compound nouns:
Note: Some more masculine and feminine forms of nouns:
hero – heroine
widower – widow
bridegroom – bride
Mr – Mrs