Quantifiers state precisely or suggest approximately the amount or the number of a noun. (They quantify) They can be grouped by the noun types they quantify. These expressions are mainly “some, any, many, much, a lot of, a little, a few …etc.
Some & Any
“Some and any” are determiners and they express an indefinite quantity or number. “Some and Any” are used when it is not easy, necessary or important to say exactly how many / how much we want to mean. They are both used with countable and uncountable nouns.
“Some” is often used in affirmative statements.
1. SOME + COUNTABLE NOUNS : In this case, “some” means “ a few”.
There are some postcards in my bag.
There are some students in the class.
There are some cherries in the basket.
There are some mistakes in the list.
2. SOME + UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
There is some dust on the floor / There is some cheese in the fridge.
There is some fruit in the basket /There is some fish on the plate.
3. ANY + COUNTABLE NOUNS
“Any” is often used in negative sentences and questions.
There aren’t any people on the moon.
There aren’t any skyscrapers in our town.
There are not any empty chairs for the guests.
Are there any doctors in your family?
Yes, there are some doctors in my family.
No, there aren’t any doctors in my family.
4. ANY + UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
There isn’t any milk in the bottle / There isn’t any honey at home.
There isn’t any cold water here / Is there any bread on the table?
Yes, there is some bread on the table.
No, there isn’t any bread on the table.
In a negative sentence, we can use “no” in place of “not any”; However, “no” can also be used with countable singular nouns. When “no” is used, the verb is always positive.
There aren’t any wild animals in the forest.
There are no wild animals in the forest.
There isn’t any milk at home.
There is no milk at home.
Some is also used in offers and requests.
Would you like some cake?
Could you do some typing for me?
MUCH / MANY
Many and Much express a large quantity
I have many postcards.
She has got much influence on you.
There are many students in the class.
There is much orange juice in the glass.
There isn’t much sugar in the kitchen.
There aren’t many people in the streets.
He doesn’t have much time.
There isn’t much fun here.
Is there much rain in Istanbul?
Has Eric got much cash?
Are there many books in your bag?
Do you have many CDs?
o much” and “too many” indicate an excess and are used in affirmative sentences.
There is too much noise in big cities.
There are too many people at the party.
HOW MUCH / HOW MANY
We use "How many" with plural nouns.
We use "How much" with uncountable nouns.
How many eggs?
How many sisters?
How many countries?
How many apples?
How much flour?
How much butter?
How much money?
A FEW / A LITTLE
Differences Between A FEW / FEW & A LITTLE / LITTLE
“A few” expresses a small quantity. “Few” implies that something is not many, not enough or almost none. It expresses a negative idea.
I have a few close friends in town, and we have a very good time together.
I have few friends in town, so I feel lonely from time to time.
“A little” expresses a small quantity. “Little” implies that something is not much, not enough or almost none. It expresses a negative idea.
We have a little milk. Let’s make a cake.
We have little milk. We can’t make a cake.
Let's go and have a drink. We've got a little time before the train leaves. (a little time = some time, enough time to have a drink)
'Do you speak English?' 'A little.' (So we can talk a bit)
There is little sugar in my coffee. Could I have some more?
A LOT OF
Quantifier "a lot of" is used in all forms.
Instead of A lot of, we can use lots of.
Lots of is an informal form of a lot of.
There are a lot of bus stops in Bornova.
I have got lots of story books.
Are there a lot of people in the queue? Yes, there are.
There is a lot of milk in the jug.
There isn’t a lot of honey in the hive.
Do you know a lot of people there?
She has lots of oxen on the farm.
More on Quantifiers
1-Quantifiers Used With Singular Count Nouns
2-Quantifiers Used With Plural Count Nouns
3-Quantifiers Used With Non-Count Nouns
Fill In the Blanks Exercise on Quantifiers
Complete the below sentences by filling in appropriate Quantifiers.
Answer: Fill In The Blanks- 1)many, 2)much, 3)some, 4)many, 5)a little, 6)a little, 7)two, 8)first, 9)enough, 10)too many, 11)not many, 12)not so much, 13)a lot of, 14)any, 15) most, 16)few, 17)not much, 18)a little, 19)much, 20)many
MCQs Exercise on Quantifiers
Fill in the blanks with proper choice provided.
1) ________ is being said about pollution than done.
2) All that the children need is _________ love.
b) lots of
3) Just ________ salt is enough to spoil the milk.
a) a bit of
b) a small
c) a little more
4) There were ________ people present for the speech.
a) not much
b) not many
c) a little
5) I had _________ of your advices!
b) a little of
6) The principal was _________ concerned about the management as he was about the grades.
a) not much
b) not so much
c) so much
7) He got ________ busy that he forgot to call his mother.
a) so less
b) not so much
c) so much
8) The chief guest was invited on the stage to say _______ words on the occasion.
c) a lot of
9) There were _________ fishes in the pond.
10) Sometimes the children are subjected to ________ of pressure to compete.
a) too many
b) too much
c) too little
11) These days _________ of the people sleep with their phones beside their head.
12) Please add _______ butter on the bread.
c) not many
13) The cake had ________ cream over it.
b) a lot of
14) He was having _________ chocolates in a day.
a) too much
c) too many
15) We were given _________ time to read the question paper.
a) a little
16) Many governments are ________ worried about the environment.
b) not much
c) so much
17) ________ boats were docked alongside the river bank.
18) We have ________ food to feed all our citizens provided we don’t waste ________.
a) enough, any
b) much, it
c) little, much
19) I would like to have _______ coffee with a ________ cream on top.
a) little, many
b) some, little
c) little, little
20) People waste _________ of their time hoping for it to change.
c) too many
Answer: MCQs- 1)c, 2)b, 3)a, 4)b, 5)c, 6)b, 7)c, 8)a, 9)c, 10)b, 11)c, 12)a, 13)b, 14)c, 15)a, 16)b, 17)c, 18)a, 19)b, 20)a
True or False Activities on Quantifiers
Carefully read the sentences and tell whether they are true or false. Refer to the corrections provided in the end.
1) I woke up hearing some noise.
2) Children should be given many milk every day.
3) I have many books on adventure.
4) Don’t speak much when you are surrounded by fools.
5) He spends many of his time in sports.
6) You need a little to exist but a little more to live.
7) There were a bit of apples on the table.
8) The room was adored with some paintings on each wall.
9) We had many rice in the party.
10) The river gives plenty of water for days to the city.
|1. What are quantifiers in English grammar?|
|2. What is the difference between quantifiers and determiners?|
|3. How do we use quantifiers in English sentences?|
|4. Can you give examples of quantifiers used in English sentences?|
|5. Are there any rules to follow when using quantifiers in English grammar?|