RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 7 Mathematics

Created by: Abhishek Kapoor

Class 7 : RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

The document RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 7 Course RD Sharma Solutions for Class 7 Mathematics.
All you need of Class 7 at this link: Class 7

Question 1:

If x : y = 3 : 5, find the ratio 3x + 4y : 8x + 5y.

Answer 1:

It is given that

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev         {dividing the numerator and the denominator by 'y'}

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

 

Question 2:

If x : y = 8 : 9, find the ratio (7x − 4y) : 3x + 2y.

Answer 2:

It is given that

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev    {dividing the numerator and the denominator by 'y'}

 

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Hence, 7x −- 4y : 3x + 2y = 10 : 21.

 

Question 3:

If two numbers are in the ratio 6 : 13 and their l.c.m. is 312, find the numbers.

Answer 3:

Let the two numbers be 'x' and 'y' such that x : y = 6 : 13 ⇒ x/y = 613 .        
We can assume that the HCF of 'x' and 'y' is a number 'k'.
So, x = 6k, and y = 13k.
Now, the product of any two numbers 'x' and 'y' is always equal to the product of their LCM and HCF
   ⇒  x××y = 312 ×× k
   ⇒  6k ×× 13k  =  312 ×× k    

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Thus, x = 6k = 6 ××4  = 24, and y = 13 ×× 4 = 52.

 

Question 4:

Two numbers are in the ratio 3 : 5. If 8 is added to each number, the ratio becomes 2 : 3. Find the numbers.

Answer 4:

Let the two numbers in ratio be x and y such that

  x : y = 3 : 5

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Now, 8 is added to each number, which means

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

On cross-multiplying, we get  

 ⇒ 3(3y + 40) = 2 ××5(y + 8)
 ⇒ 9y + 120 = 10y + 80
 ⇒ 120 −- 80 = 10y −- 9y
 ⇒ y = 40

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

So, the numbers are 24 and 40.

 

Question 5:

What should be added to each term of the ratio 7 : 13 so that the ratio becomes 2 : 3

Answer 5:

Let the numbers that must be added to the ratio 7 : 13 be 'x'.

So, RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

After cross-multiplication, we get
3(7 + x) = 2(13 + x)
21 + 3x = 26 + 2x
3x - 2x = 26 - 21
x = 5
Thus, 5 must be added to each term to make the ratio = 2 : 3.

 

Question 6:

Three numbers are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 5 and the sum of these numbers is 800. Find the numbers.

Answer 6:

We have
Sum of the terms of the ratio = 2 +3 + 5 = 10.
Sum of the numbers = 800.
Therefore, first number RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev
                                       = 160
        or, Second number RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev
                                       = 240
         or,  Third number RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev
                                     = 400

 

Question 7:

The ages of two persons are in the ratio 5 : 7. Eighteen years ago their ages were in the ratio 8 : 13. Find their present ages.

Answer 7:

Let the present ages of the two persons be '5x' and '7x'  years.
Ratio of their present ages = 5 : 7.
Eighteen years ago, their ages were (5x −- 18) and (7x −- 18), respectively.
But eighteen years ago the ratio of their ages was 8 : 13.

So,  RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev
13(5x −- 18) =  8(7x −- 18)
65x −- 234 = 56x −- 144
65x −- 56x = 234 −- 144
9x = 90

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev
So, their ages are 5x = 5××10 = 50 years and 7x = 7 ×× 10 = 70 years. 

 

Question 8:

Two numbers are in the ratio 7 : 11. If 7 is added to each of the numbers, the ratio becomes 2 : 3. Find the numbers.

Answer 8:

Let the two numbers be 'x' and 'y'.

Given that x : y = 7 : 11 RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

3 (7y + 77) = 2 ×× 11 (y + 7)
 21y + 231 = 22y + 154
   22y −- 21y = 231 −- 154
  Therefore, y = 77, and x   RD Sharma Solutions (Part - 1) - Ex - 9.1, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Thus, the two numbers are 49 and 77.

Question 9:

Two numbers are in the ratio 2 : 7. If the sum of the numbers is 810, find the numbers.

Answer 9:

We have
Sum of the terms of the ratio = 2 + 7 = 9.
Sum of the numbers = 810.
Therefore, first number = 2/9× 810 =  180
Second number = 7/9× 810 = 630    

Question 10:

Divide Rs 1350 between Ravish and Shikha in the ratio 2 : 3.

Answer 10:

We have
             Sum of the terms of the ratio = 2 + 3 = 5
              Therefore, Ravish's share = Rs (25×1350)25×1350 = Rs 540
                 Sikha's share = Rs (3/5×1350) = Rs 810

Question 11:

Divide Rs 2000 among P, Q, R in the ratio 2 : 3 : 5.

Answer 11:

We have
                   Sum of the terms of the ratio = 2 +3 +5 = 10
                    Therefore, P's share =Rs (2/10× 2000) = Rs 400
                                    Q's share = Rs (3/10× 2000) = Rs 600
                                     R's share = Rs (5/10× 2000) = Rs 1000

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