RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 7 Mathematics

Created by: Abhishek Kapoor

Class 7 : RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

The document RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 7 Course RD Sharma Solutions for Class 7 Mathematics.
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Question 1:

Find which of the following are in proportion?
 (i) 33, 44, 66, 88
 (ii) 46, 69, 69, 46
 (iii) 72, 84, 186, 217

Answer 1:

(i) We have
                 Product of extremes = 33 ×× 88 = 2904
                 Product of means  = 44 ×× 66 = 2904
   Therefore, the product of the extremes is equal to the product of the means.
    Hence, 33, 44, 66, 88 are in proportion.
(ii) We have
                 Product of extremes = 46 ×× 46 = 2116
                 Product of means  = 69 ×× 69 = 4761
   Therefore, the product of the extremes is not equal to the product of the means.
    Hence, 46, 69, 69, 46 are not in proportion.
(iii) We have
                 Product of extremes = 72 ×× 217 = 15624
                 Product of means  = 84 ×× 186 = 15624
   Therefore, the product of the extremes is equal to the product of the means.
    Hence, 72, 84, 186, 217 are in proportion.

Question 2:

Find x in the following proportions:
 (i) 16 : 18 = x : 96
 (ii) x : 92 = 87 : 116

Answer 2:

(i) 16 : 18 = x : 96
    ⇒ 16, 18, x, and 96 are in proportion.
    ⇒ Product of extremes = Product of means

⇒  16 × 96 = 18  × x

RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

 

(ii) x : 92 = 87 : 116
      ⇒ x, 92, 87, and 116 are in proportion.
      ⇒ Product of extremes = Product of means
      ⇒  x ×  116 = 87 ×  92

RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Question 3:

The ratio of the income to the expenditure of a family is 7 : 6. Find the savings if the income is Rs 1400.

Answer 3:

The ratio of the income of a family to its expenditure = 7 : 6.
Let us assume that the income and expenditure of the family are '7x' and '6x', respectively.
But the income = Rs. 1400.
Therefore, 7x = 1400
                  x = 1400/7 = 200
The expenditure = 6x = 6 × 200 = Rs. 1200.
Now, savings = Income - expenditure = Rs. (1400 - 1200) = Rs. 200.

 

Question 4:

The scale of a map is 1 : 4000000. What is the actual distance between the two towns if they are 5 cm apart on the map?

Answer 4:

The scale of the map = 1 : 4000000.
This means that 1 unit of distance on the map is equal to 4000000 units of the actual distance.
So, let us assume that the actual distance between the towns = 'x' cm.
Now, it is given that
   1 : 4000000 = 5 : x
Hence, 1, 4000000, 5 and x are in proportion.
Therefore, product of extremes = product of means

RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Since 1 km = 1000 m =1000××1 m =1000××100 cm = 100000 cm (1 m =100 cm),

RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

 

Question 5:

The ratio of income of a person to his savings is 10 : 1. If his savings of one year are Rs 6000, what is his income per month?

Answer 5:

Savings in one year = Rs. 6000
So, savings per month = 6000/12 = Rs. 500.
Let the income per month be Rs 'x'.
Then, x : 500 = 10 : 1.
So, x, 500, 10 and 1 are in proportion.
Product of extremes = Product of means

RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Question 6:

An electric pole casts a shadow of length 20 metres at a time when a tree 6 metres high casts a shadow of length 8 metres. Find the height of the pole.

Answer 6:

Length of the shadow of the electric pole = 20 m
Length of the shadow of the tree = 8 m
Height of the tree = 6 m
Now, let us assume that the height of the pole is 'x' m.
Height of the electric pole : length of the shadow of the electric pole = Height of the tree : length of the shadow of the tree
 x : 20 = 6 : 8
Thus, x, 20, 6 and 8 are in proportion.
Product of extremes = Product of means

RD Sharma Solutions - Ex - 9.3, Ratio And Proportion, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev

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