Rules for Changing Voice - Voices Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8

Class 8: Rules for Changing Voice - Voices Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8

The document Rules for Changing Voice - Voices Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8 is a part of the Class 8 Course English Class 8.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8

Voice is the verb form that shows the relation of subject to action in a sentence. When the subject of the verb does something, the verb is in Active Voice, when something is done to the subject, the verb is in Passive Voice.

Examples: 
 Rekha reads a mail. (Active Voice)
 A mail is read by Rekha. (Passive Voice)

RULES FOR CHANGING VOICE

A sentence in the active voice can be changed into passive voice by making the following changes:

1. The object of the verb in Active Voice is changed into subject in the Passive Voice. 

2. The subject in the Active Voice becomes the object in the Passive Voice and it generally takes the prepositions by before it. 

3. The verb in the Active Voice is changed into past participle in the Passive Voice and it takes the verb to be in one of its forms depending upon the tense of the Active Voice.
 While changing sentences from Active Voice to Passive Voice we need to be careful about the use of personal pronouns; e.g.;

  • She plucks a flower. (Active Voice) (Subject form of the pronoun she)
  •  A flower is plucked by her. (Passive Voice) (Object form of the pronoun she)
  • Seema ins ulted me . (Active Voice) (Object form of the pronoun I)
  • I was insulted by Seema. (Passive Voice) (Subject form of the pronoun I)
  • He bought a car. (Active Voice) (Subject form of the pronoun him)
  • A car is bought by him. (Passive Voice) (Object form of the pronoun him)

Let’s learn them:

 

Subject in the Active VoiceObject in the Passive VoiceSubject in the Active VoiceObject in the Passive Voice
ImeSheher
WeusItit
YouyouTheythem
Hehim 
 

 

Passive Verb-forms:

TenseActive VoicePassive Voice
Simple Present teach/ teaches am/ is/ are/ taught 
Simple Pasttaughtwas/ were/ taught
Simple Future shall/ will/ teach shall/ will be taught
Present Continuousam/ is/ are teachingam/ is/ are being taught
Past Continuouswas/ were teachingwas/ were being taught
Present Perfecthas/ have taughthas/ have been taught
Past Perfecthad taughthad been taught
Modalsmay/ might/ can/ could etc. teachmay/ might/ can/ could etc. be taught

 

Note: 

  • Future Continuous and Perfect Continuous tenses do not have passive forms. 
  • When the verbs which take two objects after them in the active voice are changed to passive voice, one of the objects becomes the subject in the passive voice and the other remains as object; e.g.,
    1. My grandfather told me an interesting story. (Active voice) 
    2. An interesting story was told to me by my grandfather. (Passive voice) 
    3. I was told an interesting story by my grandfather. (Passive voice) 
  • Now we will study the active and passive forms of voices in different tenses.
The document Rules for Changing Voice - Voices Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8 is a part of the Class 8 Course English Class 8.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8
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