Q.6. What is the Vedic Age also known as? 
Ans. The Vedic Age is also known as the age of the epics, as the two famous epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata were composed during this time.
Q.7. Who were the untouchables and what kinds of jobs did they do? 
Ans. Untouchables included some crafts persons, hunters and gatherers as well as people who helped perform burials and cremations. It was believed as per the priest's saying that contact with these groups was polluting.
Q.8. What is history? 
Ans. History can be defined as the study of our past. It is the story of the people who lived in the past. The events which happened in the past, ten or thousand years ago, are part of our history.
Q.9. Which plants were cultivated during the Neolithic period? 
Ans. The plants cultivated during the Neolithic period were wheat, barley, figs, oats and tall grasses.
Q.10. What sets of unique objects were found in the cities of the Indus valley civilisation? 
Unique objects found in almost all the cities of the Indus Valley civilisation are listed below:
(i) Red pottery painted with designs in black
(ii) Stone weights
(iv) Special beads
(v) Copper tools
(vi) Long stone blades
Q.11. State at least four reasons why hunter-gatherers move from place to place. 
The four reasons why hunter-gatherers move from place to place are as follows:
(i) Staying at one place finishes all available food–plant or animal resources.
(ii) Animals moved from place to place, and hence, this made the hunter-gatherers move along with them for hunting.
(iii) Plants and trees bore fruit in different seasons. Thus, people had to move season to season to find different kinds of plants.
(iv) Plants and animals needed water to survive. Although most of the water bodies (lakes, ponds and streams) were perennial, some were seasonal. Thus, people living on the banks had to go in search of water during the dry seasons.
Q.12. Who were Dasas/Dasyus? 
Q.6. What do we mean by diversity? 
Ans. Diversity is understanding that each individual is unique and includes recognising our individual differences. The differences can be in race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs or other ideologies.
Q.7. After which massacre was the song ‘Don’t forget the days of blood, O friend’ composed? 
Ans. The song was composed and sung after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. It was sung in the memory of brave Indian people who lost their lives protesting against the British.
Q.8. What do we mean by prejudice? 
Ans. Prejudice means judging other people negatively or considering them to be inferior.
Example: When we think that only one particular way is the best and right way to do things, we often end up not respecting others who prefer to do the same things differently.
Q.9. What are the various levels at which the government works? 
The government works at the following three levels:
Q.10. Who are the main members of the Gram Sabha? 
Ans. Gram Sabha consists of the Panchayat president called the Sarpanch and the Panchs who are the members of the Panchayat.
Q.11. How is a Gram Panchayat formed? 
Gram Panchayat is formed in the following manner:
(i) Every village Panchayat is divided into wards, i.e. smaller areas.
(ii) Each ward elects a representative who is known as the Ward Member (Panch).
(iii) All the members of the Gram Sabha also elect a Sarpanch who is the Panchayat President.
(iv) The Ward Panch and Sarpanch from the Gram Panchayat.
Q.12. How does the government in India promote justice? 
Q.6. Describe the Great Indian Desert. 
Ans. The Great Indian Desert lies in the western part of India in Rajasthan. It is a dry, hot and sandy stretch of land. It has very little vegetation.
Q.7. What would happen if the Earth did not rotate? 
Ans. If the Earth did not rotate, the portion of the Earth-facing the Sun would always experience day and would be hot continuously. The other half would remain in darkness and be freezing cold. Life would not be possible in such extreme conditions.
Q.8. What are the special features of a globe? 
Ans. A globe is a true model (miniature form) of the Earth. It may be small or big in size. It shows countries, continents and oceans in their correct size. In addition, it is not fixed but can be rotated.
Q.9. Define climate? What type of climate does India have? 
Ans. The average weather condition of a place measured over many years is called the climate. India has a monsoon type of climate.
Q.10. What are migratory birds? Name a few of them. 
Ans. Birds that move from one country to another country in winters are called migratory birds. Examples include Siberian Crane, Stork, Pintail Duck and Curlew.
Q.11. Explain summer solstice? 
Q.12. Why does the amount of heat reduce as we go from the Equator to the North Pole or the South Pole?