Social Science (Code 087)
Class X – Session 2019-20
Sample Question Paper
Time Allowed: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) The question paper has 35 questions in all.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 20 are objective type questions. Each question carries one mark. Answer them as instructed.
(iv) Questions from serial number 21 to 28 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 29 to 34 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 120 words each.
(vi) Question number 35 is a map question of 6 marks with two parts - 35 a. from History (2 marks) and 35b. from Geography (4 marks).
Q.1. India’s bauxite deposits are mainly found in which of the following regions? (1 Mark)
(a) Maikal hills region
(b) Bilaspur-Katni belt
(c) Amarkantak plateau
(d) All of these
Ans. (d) All of these
Bauxite Deposits in IndiaQ.2. Which of the following Acts did not permit plantation workers to leave the tea garden without permission? (1 Mark)
(a) Indian Independence Act
(b) Inland Emigration Act of 1859
(c) Impaired Legislature Council Act
(d) Inland Immigration Act
Ans. (b) Inland Emigration Act of 1859
Q.3. Which of the following minerals is a metallic mineral? (1 Mark)
Ans. (a) Copper
Q.4. _________ was a pioneer of mass production. (1 Mark)
(a) Henry Ford
(b) Abraham Lincoln
Who, among the following, improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen?
(a) Mathew Boulton
(b) James Watt
(c) Henry Ford
(d ) Grahm Bel
Ans. (a) Or (b)
Q.5. Why do political parties create social division? (1 Mark)
Ans. Democracy involves competition, which tends to divide any society. Due to competition, political parties create social division.
Q.6. Complete the following table with correct information with regard to the cultivation of maize: (1 Mark)
(B) 21°C - 27°C
Q.7. The government has set up Indian Business Zones to attract foreign investment. [True/False] (1 Mark)
Q.8. Resources which are surveyed and their quantity and quality have been determined for utilisation are known as________. (1 Mark)
Ans. Developed Resources
Q.9. Study the picture and answer the question that follows (1 Mark)
Which of the following aspect best signifies the shaded part of the map of Belgium?
(a) Brussels-Capital region
(b) Walloon (French-Speaking) region
(c) Flemish (Dutch-Speaking) region
(d) German-Speaking region
Ans. (d) German-Speaking region
Which of the following options best signifies this cartoon? (1 Mark)
(a) Political leaders treat people belonging to a caste as Vote banks'.
(b) In elections, political parties give tickets to the candidates on the basis of caste.
(c) Candidates in elections make appeals to caste sentiment to muster support.
(d) None of the above.
Ans. (a) Political leaders treat people belonging to a caste as Vote banks.
Q.11. Road density in kerala is _________ as on 31 March 2011. (1 Mark)
Ans. 517.77 km
Q.12. Categorise the following minerals as ferrous or non-ferrous minerals-cobalt, bauxite. (1 Mark)
Q.13. Complete the following table with correct information with regard to sectors of economy. (1 Mark)
A. Primary Activity/Sector
B. Tertiary Activity/Sector
Q.14. What is the advantage of per capita income? Mention any one. (1 Mark)
Ans. It is the most appropriate criterion for measuring the development of any country.
Q.15. What were the main features of economic liberalism, which came up in Europe in the nineteenth century? (1 Mark)
Ans. In the economic sphere, liberalism stood for freedom of markets and abolition of state-imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital.
Who were junkers in Prussia?
Ans. Junkers were large landowners in Prussia.
Q.16. Assertion (A): Democratic government may take more time to take decisions.
Reason (R): It has to follow norms and procedures Options: (1 Mark)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is correct but R is wrong.
(d) A is wrong but R is correct.
Q.17. Arrange the following in the correct sequence (land degradation by %). (1 Mark)
(i) Forest degraded area
(ii) Water eroded area
(iii) Wind eroded area Options
(iv) Saline and alkaline deposits
(a) (i), (iii), (iv), (ii)
(b) (ii) , (i), (iii), (iv)
(c) (i), (ii), (iv), (iii)
(d) (ii), (iii), (iv), (i)
Ans. (b)- (ii), (i), (iii), (iv)
Q.18. Arrange the following in the correct sequence: (1 Mark)
(i) Sale of biscuits in the market.
(ii) Grinding of the flour in mills.
(iii) Making the biscuits in biscuit companies.
(iv) Production of wheat in fields.
(a) iv —iii —ii — i
(b) i — ii — iii — iv
(c) iv — ii — iii — i
(d) iii — i — ii — iv
Ans. (c)- (iv) — (ii) — (iii) — (i)
Q.19. Distinguish between ‘Primary’ and ‘Secondary’ sectors. (1 Mark)
Q.20. Distinguish between investment and foreign investment. (1 Mark)
Investment is money spent to buy assets by the citizens of the nation whereas foreign investment in the money spent by other citizens.
Removing unwanted barriers or restrictions set by the government from trade and industry is known as liberalisation.
Q.21. What were the causes of the ethnic conflict in Belgium? (3 Mark)
What were the causes for strained relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities in Sri Lanka?
The causes of the ethnic conflict in Belgium were as follows:
(i) The minority French-speaking community was relatively rich and powerful. This was resented by the Dutch-speaking community.
(ii) The Dutch-speaking community got the benefit of economic development and education much later than the French-speaking community. This led to conflict between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities during the 1950s and 1960s.
(iii) There was a great social disparity between Dutch and French-speaking communities during the lybus and 1960s.
Q.22. Mention any three effects of the British Governments decision for the abolition of the Corn Laws. (3 Mark)
What is meant by proto - industrialisation? Why was it successful in the countryside in England in the 17th century?
Proto-industrialisation was the early phase of industrialization in Europe and England when there was large scale industrial production for an international market. This was not based on factories.
It was successful in the countryside in England due to the following reasons:
(i) The peasants had been shut out of village commons due to enclosure movement.
(ii) They now looked for the alternative source of income.
Q.23. What are the various stages of Resource planning? (3 Mark)
(i) Identification and inventory of resources across the regions of the country. This involves surveying mapping and qualitative and quantitative estimation and measurement of the resources.
(ii) Evolving a planning structure endowed with appropriate technology, skill and institutional setup.
(iii) Matching the resource development plans with overall natural development plans.
Q.24. “Tourism industry played an important role in the economic and cultural development of India.” Support the statement with examples. (3 Mark)
Q.25. Why do you think that money cannot buy all the goods and services that one needs to live well? Justify. (3 Mark)
Which documents are required to be submitted to the bank for taking a home loan?
Due to the following reasons, I think that money cannot buy all the goods and services that one needs to live well:
Following documents are required by bank for giving a house loan:
(i) Employment record of the borrower.
(ii) Ownership/purchase documents of the new home.
(iii) Salary slip of the borrower.
Q.26. "The Government of India gives holidays for the festivals of most of the religions." Why is it so? Give your viewpoint. (3 Mark)
It is so because:
Q.27. How do we include various goods and services for calculating Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country? (3 Mark)
Q.28. How is it possible to create more employment in rural areas? Explain with examples.
How does public sector contribute to the economic development of the nation? Explain. (3 Mark)
(i) Diversification of Agriculture
(ii) Cheap Credit
(iii) Provision of Basic Facilities
(i) Development of Infrastructure: The pace of industrial development cannot be accelerated without infrastructure establishment. Its development requires huge capital investment, which cannot be mobilised by the private sector. Moreover, these projects do not promise high profits.
(ii) Development of Backward Areas: The goal of achieving a reduction in economic inequality between regions becomes easy to reach if industries are set up in backward areas. But the profit-seeking private industrialists often are not enthusiastic enough, to set up industry in the backward regions. The government, therefore, finds it necessary to start industrial production in these areas on its own.
(iii) Basic Facilities
Q.29. Describe the cause of the Silesian Weavers uprising. Comment on the viewpoint of the journalist. (5 Mark)
Q.30. Read the extract and answer the questions that follows:
The distribution pattern of the Railway network in the country has been largely influenced by physiographic, economic and administrative factors. The northern plains with their vast level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources provided the most favourable condition for their growth. However, a large number of rivers requiring construction of bridges across their wide beds posed some obstacles. In the hilly terrains of the peninsular region, railway tracts are laid through low hills, gaps or tunnels. The Himalayan mountainous regions too are unfavourable for the construction of railway lines due to high relief, sparse population and lack of economic opportunities. Likewise, it was difficult to lay railway lines on the sandy plain of western Rajasthan, swamps of Gujarat, forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand. The contiguous stretch of Sahyadri could be crossed only through gaps or passes (Ghats). In recent times, the development of the Konkan railway along the west coast has facilitated the movement of passengers and goods in this most important economic region of India. It has also faced a number of problems such as sinking of track in some stretches and landslides.
(a) Which is the most convenient mode of transportation in India?
(b) Analyse the physiographic factors that have influenced the distribution pattern of the railways in our country.
(c) Which economic factors have largely influenced the distribution pattern of the railways in India? (5 Mark)
(a) Rail transport is the most convenient mode of transportation in India.
(b) Physiographic Factors
(c) Economic Factors
Q.31. Compare the situation of Belgium and Sri Lanka considering their location, size and cultural aspects. (5 Mark)
How has the idea of power-sharing emerged? Explain different forms that have common arrangements of power-sharing.
(b) Different forms of power-sharing are as given below:
(i) Power-sharing among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive and judiciary.
(ii) It is called horizontal distribution of power. In it Parliament enacts laws, the executive executes and the judiciary checks the functioning of others.
(iii) Power-sharing among governments at different levels:
(c) Power-sharing among different social groups:
(d) Power-sharing among political parties, pressure groups and movements:
Q.32. What is the need to have political parties? Explain.
“Dynastic succession is the major challenge for political parties.” Explain. (5 Mark)
(i) Parties Contest Elections
(ii) Formation of Policies
(iii) Uncertain Government
(iv) Representative democracy
(v) To gather public opinion
(i) Since most political parties do not practice open and transparent procedures for their functioning, there are very few ways for an ordinary worker to rise to the top in a party.
(ii) Those, who happen to be the leaders, are in a position of unfair advantage to favour people close to them or even their family members. In many parties, the top positions are always controlled by members of one family. This is unfair to other members of that party.
(iii) Dynastic succession does not allow the grass-root level workers to reach the top.
Example: If one looks at the database of all the MPs in the Parliament, one can find that less than 50% of the MPs come into politics from the grass root levels, while most of the women MPs entered the politics through family connections.
(iv) Dynastic succession is the major factor responsible for lack of internal democracy in a political party. Due to lack of internal democracy, some leaders assume greater power to make decisions in the name of the party.
(v) Due to dynastic succession, many parties are unable to hold regular elections for the top leader.
Q.33. Read the extract and answer the questions that follows: (5 Mark)
Manufacturing industries not only help in modernising agriculture, which forms the backbone of our economy, they also reduce the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income by providing them jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.
Industrial development is a precondition for eradication of unemployment and poverty from our country. This was the main philosophy behind pubic sector industries and joint sector ventures in India. It was also aimed at bringing down regional disparities by establishing industries in tribal and backward areas.
Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and brings in much needed foreign exchange.
(a) How do manufacturing industries help people?
(b) Why is industrial development considered important for tribal and backward areas?
(c) Why are exports of manufacturing goods important for our economy?
(b) The industrial development is considered important for tribal and backward areas due to the following reasons:
Q.34. How far it to correct to say that money in your pocket cannot buy the basic needs to live well? (5 Mark)
Q.35. (a) On the given political map of India, mark and locate the following: (2 Mark)
(i) A place associated with salt law violation by Gandhiji.
(ii) The place where the Indian National Congress Session in 1927 took place.
(b) On the same outline map of India identify any four of the following features and write their names on the marked lines: (Choose any four features) (4 Mark)
(i) A thermal power plant
(ii) A major oil field
(iii) Cotton textile industry
(v) Major rice-producing state.
(vi) An international airport.
The answer map is given below :