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Social Studies (SST) Class 10

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SOCIAL SCIENCE (CODE 087)
CLASS X – SESSION 2019-20
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER

Time Allowed: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions:
i. The question paper has 35 questions in all.
ii. Marks are indicated against each question.
iii. Questions from serial number 1 to 20 are objective type questions. Each question carries one mark. Answer them as instructed.
iv. Questions from serial number 21 to 28 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
v. Questions from serial number 29 to 34 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 120 words each.
vi. Question number 35 is a map question of 6 marks with two parts - 35 a. from History (2 marks) and 35b. from Geography (4 marks).

SECTION – A VERY SHORT ANS. QUESTIONS 

Q.1. “The first clear expression of nationalism came with the French Revolution in 1789”. Justify by giving a reason.    (1 Mark) 
Ans: 
The political and constitutional changes that came in the wake of the French Revolution led to the transfer of sovereignty from the monarchy to a body of French citizens.

Q.2. Which of the following activities is not an activity of tertiary sector.    (1 Mark) 
(a) Transport
(b) Storage
(c) Banking
(d) Fishing
Ans:
(d)

Q.3.
 Notes | EduRev
Who is represented as a postman in the given image?    (1 Mark) 
(a) Giuseppe Mazzini
(b) Napoleon Bonaparte
(c) Otto von Bismarck
(d) Giuseppe Garibaldi

Ans: (b)

Q.4.Which one of the following organisations brought World Development Report?    (1 Mark) 
(a) World Economic Forum
(b) World Bank
(c) IMF
(d) Asian Development Bank
Ans:
(b)

Q.5.  The Bctton Woods conference established ............. to deal with external surpluses and deficits of its member nations.    (1 Mark) 
(a) IMF
(b) World Bank
(c) UNO
(d) UNICEF
Or
Hand Labour was preferred over machines in Victorian England because : _____
(a) there w as less space for in stalling machines.
(b) Women labourers were not trained to operate machines.
(c) manual labour was cheaper than machines
(d) the queen had banned the use of machines in factories to create job opportunities for the poor.
Ans:
(a) Or (c)

Q.6. Which of the following institution is not a Panchayati Raj institution ?    (1 Mark) 
(a) Gram Sabha
(b) Gram Panchayat
(c) Panchayat Samiti
(d) Municipal Corporation
Ans:
(d)

Q.7. Complete the following table with correct information with regard to cultivation of wheat:    (1 Mark) 
 Notes | EduRev
 Ans:
(A) 50-75 cm (B) Rabi

Q.8. Name the first weekly Bengali Newspaper.    (1 Mark) 
Ans:
Bengal Gazette was first weekly Bengali Newspaper

Q.9. Consider the following two statements on power sharing mid select the answer using the codes given below :    (1 Mark) 
(A) Power sharing is good for democracy.
(B) It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.
Which of these statements are true and false ?
(a) A is true but B is false
(b) Both A and B are true
(c) Both A and B are false
(d) A is false but B is true
Or
Match List I (forms of power sharing) with
List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

 Notes | EduRev 
 Notes | EduRev
Ans: (b) Or (c)

Q.10. The first section of the underground railway in the world opened on (i) ___________ between Paddington and Farrington Street in (ii)__________.    (1 Mark) 
Ans:
(i) 10 January, 1863,
(ii) London

Q.11. Who said "Religion can never be separated from politics"?    (1 Mark) 
OR
What is the aim of feminist movements?
Ans:
Mahatma Gandhi
OR
Equality with men

Q.12. Complete the following table with correct information with regard to cultivation of maize    (1 Mark) 
 Notes | EduRev
Ans:
(A) = Kharif crop
(B) 21° C to 27° C

Q.13.  What is Equals wages Act?    (1 Mark) 
Ans:
Equal wages should be paid to all for equal work.

Q.14. Tourist guide comes in the________sector.    (1 Mark) 
Ans:
Organised

Q. 15. Which of the following is not a criterion for comparing development of different countries ?    (1 Mark) 
(a) Educational level of the people
(b) People's material possessions
(c) Their health status
(d) Their per capita income
Ans:
(b)

Q.16. Find the incorrect option.    (1 Mark) 
(a) Primary sector is directly associated with nature.
(b) Primary sector includes the production of raw material and basic foods.
(c) Activities associated with primary sector include agriculture, mining, banking, transport and so on.
(d) Primary activities/sector support (s) the secondary sector of economy.
Ans:
(c) Activities associated with primary sector include agriculture, mining, banking, transport and so on.

Q.17.  Define GDP.    (1 Mark) 
Ans:
It is the sum of production in all the three sectors of the economy during a particular year

Q.18. Where does Durg-Bastar-Chandrapur major iron belt lie ?    (1 Mark) 
Ans:
Durg-Bastar-chandrapur belt lies in Chhatisgarh and Maharashtra.

Q.19. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as    (1 Mark) 
Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:
Assertion (A) : Banks keeps a small proportion of their deposits as cash with themselves.
Reason (R) : This is kept to meet the loan requirements of the people.
Options:
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is correct but (R) is wrong.
(d) (A) is wrong but (R) is correct.
Ans:
(c).

Q.20. ......... are the primary road systems and are constructed and maintained by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) under NHAI's supervision.    (1 Mark) 
Ans:
National Highways.

SECTION – B SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS 

Q.21. “Oral culture and print culture were complimentary to each other.” Justify the statement with any three suitable arguments.
Or
Assess the impact of print revolution on the European society.    (3 Mark) 
Ans: 
(i) Earlier, reading was restricted to the elites. Common people lived in a world of oral culture.
(ii) With the printing press, books could reach out to wider sections of society. If earlier, there was a hearing public, now a reading public came into being.
(iii) Publishers had to keep in mind the wider reach of the printed books. Even those who did not read, could enjoy listening to the books being read out.
Or
(i) Spreading of new ideas: After the coming of the print culture, the ideas of scientists and philosophers now became more accessible to the common people. Ancient and medieval scientific texts were compiled and published.
(ii) Books as medium of progress: By the mid-18th century, books became a medium of spreading progress and enlightenment which could change the society and the world. It was also believed that the books could literate society from despotism and tyranny.
(iii) Ideas of enlightened thinkers: The print popularised the ideas of the enlightened thinkers like that of Martin Luther who attacked the authority of the Church and the despotic power of the state, e.g., Voltaire and Rousseau.

Q.22. Describe any three features of ‘Alluvial soil' found in India.    (3 Mark)
Ans: 
(i) The alluvial soils consist of sand, silt and clay.
(ii) These soils contain adequate proportion of potash, phosphoric acid and lime.
(iii) These soils are ideal for the growth of sugarcane, paddy, wheat and other cereal and pulse crops.
(iv) Soils in the drier areas are more alkaline and need proper treatment and irrigation.
Or
Describe any three features of ‘Black Soil’.
Ans: 
(i) This soil is black in color.
(ii) It is also known as regur soil.
(iii) It is ideal for growing cotton and is known as black cotton soil also.
(iv) It is believed that climatic condition along with parent rock material are the important factors for the formation of black soil.

Q.23. Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows    (3 Mark)
Source-A The Print Revolution and Its Impact
What was the print revolution? It was not just a development, a new way of producing books; it transformed the lives of people, changing their relationship to information and knowledge, and with institutions and authorities. It influenced popular perceptions and opened up new ways of looking at things.
Source-B A New Reading Public
With the printing press, a new reading public emerged. Printing reduced the cost of books. The time and labour required to produce each book came down, and multiple copies could be produced with greater ease. Books flooded the market, reaching out to an ever-growing readership.
Source-C Religious Debates and the Fear of Print
Print created the possibility of wide circulation of ideas, and introduced a new world of debate and discussion. Even those who disagreed with established authorities could now print and circulate their ideas. Through the printed message, they could persuade people to think differently, and move them to action. This had significance in different spheres of life.
Source - A The Print Revolution and Its Impact
(1) What was the impact of print revolution on people's lives?
Source- B A New Reading Public
(2) How did a new reading public emerged in Europe?
Source- C Religious Debates and the fear of Print
(3) How did the print introduce a new world of debate and discussion ?
Ans: 
(1) It transformed the lives of people, changing their relationship to information and knowledge, and with institutions and authorities.
(2) Since printing reduced the cost of books. So the time and labour required to produce each book came down, and multiple copies could be produced with greater ease. Thus, a new reading public emerged in Europe.
(3) As print created the possibility of wide circulation of ideas, it introduced a new world of debate and discussion.

Q.24. What were the majoritarian measures taken in Sri Lanka to establish Sinhala supremacy?    (3 Mark)
Ans:
The series of majoritarian measures adopted in Sri Lanka to establish Sinhala supremacy are as follows :
(i) In 1956, an act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the official language, thus disregarding Tamil.
(ii) The government followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.
(iii) The new Constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.

Q.25. “Democracy is seen to be good in principle but felt to be not so good in practices.” Justify,
Or
Why did the makers of our Constitution declare India to be a ‘Union of states’?
Why were some sub-political units of India given a special status ?    (3 Mark)
Ans: 
(i) Corruption: The record of democracies show us that most of the democratic countries have failed to remove or reduce corruption. India which is one of the largest democratic country of the world has also failed in this issue.
(ii) Non-attentive to the needs of the people: A democratic government should be attentive to the needs and demands of the people, but unfortunately, the record of democracy is not impressive on this issue. Democracies often frustrate the needs of the people and often ignore the demand of a majority of its population.
(iii) Economic growth and development: Democracy is considered a better government than other forms of government. So one can expect better economic growth and development. But unfortunately democracy has even failed on this issue. If one considers all democracies and all dictatorship for the last 50 years, dictatorship has slightly higher rate of economic growth.
Or
(1) India became a 'Union of States’ because it consisted of both British ruled territories as well as many princely states.
(2) Some sub-political units of India have a special status :
(i) All British ruled regions have same status.
(ii) All princely states that have voluntarily joined have the same status as British ruled territory.
(iii) French and Portuguese ruled territories were given the status of Union Territory.

Q.26. How are consumers enjoying the ‘right to be informed’ in their daily life. Explain with example.    (3 Mark)
Ans:
(a) According to this right the consumers have the right to get information about the quality, quantity, purity, standard and price of goods or service as to protect themselves against the abusive and unfair practices.
(b) The producer must supply all the relevant information at a suitable place preferably on the product itself.
(c) Since October 2005, Right to Information Act ensures its citizens all the information about functions of government departments.
Or
What is meant by Human Development Index ? Explain any four indicators of Human Development Index.

Ans: (a) Development involves thinking about our aspirations or desires and about the ways in which we can work towards achieving these desires or goals.
(b) Although the level of income is an important measure of level of development but it is not adequate. There are other important things such as education, health which are necessary in life. Thus health and education, life expectancy at birth along with income are being widely used as a measure of development.
(c) Human Development Report published by UNDP compares countries based on the educational levels of the people, their health status and per capita income.

Q.27. Write a note on Human Development Index.
OR
Apart from income, which other things people look for growth and development?    (3 Mark)
Ans:
Human Development Index is published by the UNDP.
(i) It indicates the level of development of a country.
(ii) It indicates to a country how far it has reached and how far it is yet to reach to achieve high ranks in matters such as per capita income of the people.
(iii) One comes to know the important welfare elements such as life expectancy, literacy, educational level of people and health status.
OR
(i) Apart from income, people also seek things like equal treatment, freedom, security and respect of others.
(ii) They resent discrimination. All of these are important goals.
(iii) In fact, in some cases, these may be more important than more income or more consumption because material goods are not all that you need to live.
(iv) Money or material things that one can buy with, it is one factor on which our life depends.

Q.28. Subsistence agriculture is still practised in certain parts of the country. Give reasons.
Or
State the main geographical conditions required for tea cultivation. Also mention the tea producing regions of India.    (3 Mark)
Ans: 
Subsistence agriculture is still practised in certain parts of the country due to following reasons:
(i) Agricultural landholdings in India are of very small size. As population of India is rapidly Increasing, the per hectare availability of land is very low. The landholding is also scattered.
(ii) Most of the Indian farmers are very poor. They do not have enough capital to purchase a variety of inputs. They practised agriculture on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks and family or community labour.
(iii) Extensive and commercial farming need a variety of inputs, like irrigation, seeds, fertilisers and machinery. Due to shortage of these inputs subsistence farming is still practised.
Or
The geographical conditions required for tea cultivation are as follows :
(i) Tea plants grow well in tropical and sub-tropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter.
(ii) It requires warm and moist frost-free climate throughout the year.
(iii) Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year are also required.
Tea Producing Regions of India
Important tea-producing regions are Assam, hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts of West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh and Tripura.

SECTION – C LONG ANS. QUESTIONS 

Q.29. Who had organised the dalits into the Depressed Classes Association in 1930? Describe his achievements.    (5 Mark)
Ans: 
(i) Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar was of the opinion that only political empowerment would resolve their problems of social injustice.
(ii) Due to his efforts, Dalits began organising themselves, demanding, reserved seats in educational institutions and separate electorate that would choose the dalit members for legislative councils.
(iii) In 1930, Ambedkar entered national politics. In the same year, he organised the Depressed Classes Association to make them politically more strong.
(iv) He was nominated as a delegate of the oppressed classes for the Second Round Table Conference. In that Round Table Conference, he clashed with Mahatma Gandhi by; demanding separate electorates for dalits.
(v) He demanded a separate electorates for dalits. To give them political power he signed Poona Pact. The Poona Pact gave the depressed classes reserved seats in provincial and central legislative councils.

Q.30. Describe the role of ‘technology' in transformation of the world in the nineteenth century.    (5 Mark)
Ans:
The railways, steam ships, the telegraph were important inventions which transformed nineteenth century world as mentioned below :
(i) Railways, lighter wagons and larger ships helped move food more cheaply and quickly from faraway farms to final markets.
(ii) Earlier in the trade of meat, animals were shipped live from America to Europe and then slaughtered. This system had drawbacks as mentioned below :
(a) Animals took more space on ship.
(b) Many died in voyage.
(c) Many fell ill and lost weight.
(d) Many became unfit to eat.
In view of the above meat was expensive luxury beyond the reach of the European poor. (iii) The new technology i.e., refrigerated ships, enabled the transport of perishable foods over long distances because now the animals were slaughtered at the starting point and then transported to other places as frozen meat.
(iv) This reduced the price of meat.
(v) The poor could also afford meat and add to their diet. Better living conditions promoted social peace within the country and support for imperialism abroad.

Q. 31. What is mass communication? What are the different means of mass communication? What is the significance of mass communication in a country like India?    (5 Mark)
Ans:  (a) Mass communication: Mass communication provides entertainment as well as information to a large number of people at the same time. As they are the means of communication with the masses, they are known as mass communication. Means (like electronic media) which covers large number of people at the same time.
(b) Different means of communication are radio, television, films and the internet, newspapers and magazines.
(c) Significance of mass communication:
(i) Covers more than 95 % of India's total population.
(ii) Source of education and entertainment.
(iii) Most instant means of mass information.
(iv) Brings all classes o f people together.

Q.32. “Credit is useful as well as harmful, it depends on the risk involved." Support the statement with examples.
Or
Write about the different credil arrangements fur different categories of borrowers in a village.    (5 Mark)

Ans: Credit is useful because:
• Credit is useful if taken from the formal sources as these sources charge much less interest rates to people as compared to informal sources of credit.
• It helps to meet the working capital needs of production.
• It helps in setting up new industries or businesses.
• Credit is also useful for getting higher education, purchase a house or vehicles.
Credit is harmful also because:
• Credit is harmful if taken from informal sources as they charge exorbitant rates of interest to people, which are not easy to repay.
• Credit pushes the borrower into a debt-trap in the case of high risk.
• Instead of improvement in earnings, the borrower is much worse off than before. For example, in case of crop failure farmers have to sell part of land to repay the loan.
From the above points, it can be concluded that credit is useful as well as harmful. It depends on the risk involved.
Or
In a village, there may be different credit arrangements for different categories of borrowers. These are as follows :
(i) Loan from Moneylenders Small farmers borrow money from the village moneylenders at high rate of interest.
(ii) Loan from Traders Farmers get loan from agricultural traders at a lower rate of interest.
(iii) Loan from Banks Medium and large farmers take loan from bank for cultivation at very low interest rate and easy repayment terms.
(iv) Loan from Employers Landless agricultural labourers and workers depend on their employers for loan.
(v) Loan from Cooperatives Loans to members of cooperative societies can be provided for the purchase of agricultural implements.

Q.33. “Dynastic succession is the major challenge for political parties.” Explain.    (5 Mark)
Ans:
(i) Since most political parties do not practise open and transparent procedures for their functioning, there are very few ways for an ordinary worker to rise to the top in a party.
(ii) Those, who happen to be the leaders, are in a position of unfair advantage to favour people close to them or even their family members. In many parties, the top positions are always controlled by members of one family. This is unfair to other members of that party.
(iii) Dynastic succession does not allow the grass root level workers to reach at the top. If one looks at the database of all the MPs in the Parliament, one can find that less than 50% of the MPs come into politics from the grass root levels. While most of the women MPs entered the politics through family connections,
(iv) Dynastic succession is the major factor responsible for lack o f internal democracy in a political party. Due to lack of internal democracy some leaders assume greater power to make decisions in the name of the party.
(v) Due to dynastic succession many parties are unable to hold regular elections for the top leader

Q.34. What is the basic idea behind the SHGs for the poor ? Explain in your own words.    (5 Mark)
Ans:
(i) The basic idea behind the SHGs (Self-Help Groups) is to organise rural poor, in particular women, so that they may pool their savings and help them to borrow money without collateral.
(ii) The banks are not present in every village. Even if there is a bank in rural area, getting a loan from a bank is much more difficult that taking a loan from informal sources because the bank loans require proper documents and collateral.
(iii) So to solve the problems of cheaper loans without collateral in rural areas SHGs have been formed.
Or 
How does money solve the problem of double coincidence of wants ? Explain with an example of your own.
Ans:
(i) Money solves the problem of double coincidence of wants because it acts as an intermediate in the exchange process.
(ii) People may purchase anything with money
(iii) There is no need to have any goods or commodities for exchange.
(iv) Money acts as a medium of exchange.
(v) For example, a person working as an engineer in a government department gets salary from his office. With that money (salary) he purchases different goods from the market according to the requirements of his family. He makes payment in cash and does not need any product for exchange as required under the double coincidence of wants. Thus, money acts as an intermediate in the exchange process.

MAP SKILL BASED QUESTION 

Q.35. (a) Two places A and B have been marked on the given outline map of India. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(A) The place where Indian National Congress Session was held in December 1920.    (2 Mark)
(B) A place where Gandhiji  organised ‘Satyagraha’ in favour of cotton mill workers.    (4 Mark)
(b) On the same outline map of India locate and label any four of the following with suitable Symbols.
(i) Bokaro - Coal Mine
(ii) Kudremukh - Iron or Mine
(iii) Salem - Iron and Steel Plant
(iv) Namrup Thermal Power Plant
(v) Kandla - Major Sea Port
(vi) Chennai Airport
Ans: 

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