Sample Question Paper (2020-21) - 1 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

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Class 10 : Sample Question Paper (2020-21) - 1 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document Sample Question Paper (2020-21) - 1 Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Sample Papers For Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

Class - X
Social Science
TIME: 3 Hrs.
M.M: 80
General Instructions :

Read the following instructions very carefully and strictly follow them :
1. The question paper comprises five sections - A, B, C, D and E. There are 32 questions in the question paper. All questions are compulsory.
2. Section A - Question no. 1 to 16 are Objective Type Questions of 1 mark each.
3. Section B - Question no. 17 to 22 are Short Answer Type Questions, carrying 3 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 80 words.
4. Section C - Question no. 23 to 26 are Source Based Questions, carrying 4 marks each.
5. Section D - Question no. 27 to 31 are Long Answer Type Questions, carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 120 words.
6. Section E - Question no. 32 is Map Based, carrying 5 marks with two parts, 32.1 from History (2 marks) and 32.2 from Geography (3 marks).
7. There is no overall choice in the question paper. However, an internal choice has been provided in few questions. Only one of the choices in such questions has to be attempted.
8. In addition to this, separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.

Section A


Question 1:Which of the following agreements gave seats to the depressed classes in Provincial and Central Legislative Council?    (1 marks)

Question 2:“When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold”. Who among the following said this popular line?    (1 marks)

Question 3:Match the following items given in Column A with those in Column B. Choose the correct answer from the options given below :    (1 marks)
Sample Question Paper (2020-21) - 1 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Q.4. Complete the following table with correct information with regard to alluvial soils:    (1 marks)

Alluvial soils

Humus content

Major area

Suitable for the cultivation




Ans: (A ) Northern Plains
(B) Sugarcane/Paddy

Q.5. By which name is specialized cultivation of fruits and vegetables known?    (1 marks)
Ans: Horticulture
What is the full form of ICAR?
Ans: Indian Council of Agricultural Research.


Question 4:Which one of the following industries generates the largest amount of employment?    (1 marks)

Question 5:Which one of the following means of transport is used for carrying solids in a slurry form?    (1 marks)

Q.8. Lime stone, silica, alumina and gypsum are the raw materials of _____ industry.    (1 marks)
Ans: Cement

Q.9. Where did India conduct its first ever nuclear test?    (1 marks)
Ans: In Pokhran (Rajasthan)
What status has been given to Hindi by the Constitution of India?
Ans: Official language of the country.

Question 6:Which of the following option best signifies this cartoon?    (1 marks)

Sample Question Paper (2020-21) - 1 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Q.11. Correct the following statement and rewrite:    (1 marks)
Bahujan Samaj Party seeks to represent and secure power for dalits only.
Ans: Bahujan Samaj Party seeks to represent and secure power for the dalits, adivasis, OBCs and religious minorities.
Bharatiya Janata Party supports socialism, secularism and democracy and opposes imperialism, and communalism.
Ans: Communist Party of India - Marxist supports socialism, secularism and democracy and opposes imperialism and communalism.

Question 7:Find the incorrect option:    (1 marks)

Question 8:In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:    (1 marks)
Assertion (A) : Periodically, banks have to submit information to the finance Minister on how much they are lending, to whom, at what interest rate, etc.
Reason (R) : The Finance Minister monitors the banks in actually maintaining cash balance.
Options :

Q.14. Different persons can have different ____________.    (1 marks)
Ans: Developmental goals
Groundwater is an example of __________________.
Ans: Renewable resources

Question 9:In recent years, the central and state governments in India are taking special steps to attract foreign companies to invest in India. Industrial zones are being set up. Companies who set up production units in these zones do not have to pay taxes for an initial period of five years.
Analyse the information given above, considering one of the following options correct:    (1 marks)

Question 10:At present, how many members are there in WTO?    (1 marks)

Section B

Q.17. “British rule in India would have collapsed if Indians had not cooperated”. How did this statement help in starting a mass movement in India against the British rule?    (3 marks)
Ans: (i) Mahatma Gandhi declared that British rule was established in India with the cooperation of Indians and if Indians had refused to cooperate, British rule in India would have collapsed within a year.
(ii) He proposed that the movement should unfold in stages.
(iii) It should begin with the surrendering of titles that the government had awarded to the Indians.
(iv) A boycott of civil services, army, police, courts and legislative assemblies, schools and foreign goods would show their non- cooperation to the British empire.
Gandhiji felt that in case the government used repression, a full civil disobedience campaign would be launched.
Why did the Non- Cooperation Movement gradually slow down in the cities? Explain.

Ans: The Non- Cooperation Movement gradually slowed down the cities because:
(i) Khadi clothes were more expensive than mill clothes.
(ii) Poor people could not afford to buy it.
(iii) The boycott of British institutions posed a problem.
(iv) Students and teachers began trickling back to government schools.
(v) Lawyers joined back work in government courts.

Q.18. How did the Balkan region become a source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871?    (3 marks)
Ans: (i) The Balkans was a region of geographical and ethnic variations comprising modern-day Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro.
(ii) The inhabitants of these regions were known as Slavs.
(iii) A large part of the Balkans was under the control of the Ottoman Empire.
(iv) As the different Slavic nationalities struggled to define their identity and independence, the Balkan area became an area of intense conflict.
(v) The Balkan states were fiercely jealous of each other and each hoped to gain more territory at the expense of others.

Q.19. What is pipeline transportation? Write two merits and demerits of the same.    (3 marks)
Ans: Pipeline transport network is the new mode of transport these days. In the past, pipelines were used to transport water to cities and industries. Now, these are used for transporting crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from oil and natural gas fields to refineries, fertiliser factories and big thermal power plants. Solids can also be transported through a pipeline when converted into a slurry.
(i) Useful in transporting liquids and solid slurry from faraway locations.
(ii) Subsequent running costs after laying down the network are minimal.
(i) Initial cost of laying pipelines is high.
(ii) Pipelines can burst or can have leakage leading to wastage of valuable resources like water, mineral oil, etc.

Q.20. How is the ethnic composition of Belgium very complex? Explain.    (3 marks)
Ans: (i) Of the country's total population, 59 per cent lives in the Flemish region and speaks Dutch language.
(ii) Another 40 per cent people live in the Wallonia region and speak French.
(iii) Remaining 1 per cent of the Belgians speak German.
(iv) In the capital city Brussels, 80 per cent people speak French while 20 per cent are Dutch speaking.

Q.21. Why is the `tertiary sector ’ becoming important in India? Explain any three points.    (3 marks)
Ans: (i) Development of services such as transport, trade and storage promote agriculture and industry.
(ii) Rise in income level.
(iii) Development of information and communication technology.
(iv) It provides larger number of employment.
(v) Any other relevant point.
Detailed Answer:
Tertiary sector or the service sector composes almost 50% of India's population. The young generation studies hard, get good marks and then simply hunt for a good and secure job. The reasons why this sector is gaining importance can be summed up in following points :
(i) The need for tertiary sector is increasing as there is more need of services like financial institutions, educational institutions, etc. in Indian economy.
(ii) The tertiary sector accounts for most of the national and per capita income of India.
(iii) The tertiary sector created huge employment even for the uneducated and unskilled workers.
(iv) The tertiary sector is responsible to distribute its services and goods to different consumers.
How does public sector contribute to the economic development of the nation? Explain.
Ans: Contribution of Public Sector to Economic Development:
(i) In the public sector, the government owns most of the assets and provides all the services.
(ii) The purpose of the public sector is not just to earn profits, but also to provide facilities to the public in different ways.
(iii) There are several things needed by society as a whole, some of these need spending large sums of money which is beyond the capacity of the private sector and so they are provided by public sector.
(iv) The government supports and encourages industrial activities providing affordable electricity. In the same way, to promote agricultural activities, government purchases their products on MSP and provide a subsidy for the poor on these products.
(v) Any other relevant point.

Q.22. Suggest any three ways to maintain Body Mass Index (BMI).    (3 marks)
Ans: Three ways to maintain Body Mass Index are:
(i) It is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women.
(ii) A healthy BMI can be maintained by taking healthy and nutritional food.
(iii) A person should exercise regularly for 60-90 minutes most days of the week.
(iv) One should stay well hydrated by drinking at least 1.5-2 litters of water daily.

Section C

Q.23. Read the source given below and answer the following questions :    (4 marks)
Like Germany, Italy too had a long history of political fragmentation. Italians were scattered over several dynastic states as well as the multi- national Habsburg Empire. During the middle of the nineteenth century, Italy was divided into seven states, of which only one, Sardinia-Piedmont, was ruled by an Italian princely house. The north was under Austrian Habsburgs, the centre was ruled by the Pope and the southern regions were under the domination of the Bourbon kings of Spain. Even the Italian language had not acquired one common form and still had many regional and local variations.
Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Question 11:During mid- 19th century, Italy was divided into ________ states.


Question 12:Which of the following part of Italy was ruled by an Italian princely house?


Question 13:Who dominated the south regions of Italy?


Question 14:Besides Italy, which of the following nation had a long history of political fragmentation?

Q.24. Read the source given below and answer the following questions :    (4 marks)
Tea cultivation is an example of plantation agriculture. It is also an important beverage crop introduced in India initially by the British. Today, most of the tea plantations are owned by Indians. The tea plant grows well in tropical and sub tropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter. Tea bushes require warm and moist frost-free climate all through the year. Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year ensure continuous growth of tender leaves. Tea is a labour-intensive industry. It requires abundant, cheap and skilled labour. Tea is processed within the tea garden to restore its freshness. Major tea producing states are Assam, hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Apart from these, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh and Tripura are also tea-producing states in the country. In 2015 India was the second largest producer of tea after China.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Question 15:Who introduced tea cultivation in India?


Question 16:Which of the following states is the largest producer of tea?


Question 17:Tea bushes require ________ and moist frost-free climate all through the year.


Question 18:Which of the following countries was the largest production of tea in 2015?

Q.25. Read the source given below and answer the following questions :    (4 marks) 
What about subjects that do not fall in any of the three lists? Or subjects like computer software that came up after the constitution was made? According to our Constitution, the Union Government has the power to legislate on these 'residuary' subjects.
We noted above that most federations that are formed by 'holding together' do not give equal power to its constituent units. Thus, all States in the Indian Union do not have identical powers. Some States enjoy a special status. Jammu and Kashmir has its own Constitution. Many provisions of the Indian Constitution are not applicable to this State without the approval of the State Assembly. Indians who are not permanent residents of this State cannot buy land or house here. Similar special provisions exist for some other States of India as well.
Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Question 19:Which of the following subjects comes under 'residuary' subjects?


Question 20:Which of the following states has its own Constitution?


Question 21:Who has the power to legislate on 'residuary' subjects?


Question 22:Indians who are not permanent residents of ________ cannot buy land or house here.

Q.26. Read the source given below and answer the following questions :    (4 marks)
Kanta works in an office. She attends her office from 9.30 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. She gets her salary regularly at the end of every month. In addition to the salary, she also gets provident fund as per the rules laid down by the government. She also gets medical and other allowances. Kanta does not go to office on Sundays. This is a paid holiday. When she joined work, she was given an appointment letter stating all the terms and conditions of work.
Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.
Question 23:The passage given above relates to which of the following options?


Question 24:When does Kanta not go to her office?


Question 25:Besides salary, Kanta gets __________ as per the rules laid down by the government.


Question 26:What was Kanta given, when she joined work?

Section D

Q.27. Who had organized the dalits into the 'Depressed Classes Association' in 1930? Describe his achievements.    (5 marks)
Ans: Depressed Classes Association was organized by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar in 1930.
(i) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar raised the demand of separate electorate for Dalits.
(ii) British government conceded Ambedkar's demand of separate electorates for Dalits.
(iii) The depressed classes got reservation of seats in provincial and Central Legislative Councils.
(iv) Ambedkar accepted Gandhiji's position and as the result Poona Pact was signed.
(v) Any other relevant point.
Detailed Answer:
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar had organized the Dalits into the "Depressed Classes Association" in 1930. Following were his achievements :
(i) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar organized the Dalits into Depressed Classes Association because he wanted Dalits to get a share in the political power.
(ii) He clashed with Gandhiji in the Second Round Table Conference. He demanded separate electorate for the Dalits.
(iii) He signed the Poona Pact with Gandhiji and got reservation of seats for the Dalits in legislatures.
Explain with examples the role of Industrialists in the freedom struggle of India.
Ans: (i) They lent their support to the Congress in protest against the colonial policies that restricted indigenous business enterprises.
(ii) They also gave financial assistance and refused to buy or sell foreign goods. They formed associations like the Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress in 1920 and FICCI in 1927.
(iii) They viewed Swaraj as freedom from the domination of market by foreign goods but withdrew their support when the Second Round Table Conference failed.
(iv) They were also concerned about the rise of the socialist ideology in the Congress.
(v) Purshottamdas Thakurdas and G.D. Birla attacked the colonial control over Indian economy.

Q.28. Describe the role of technology in promoting globalization process.    (5 marks)
Ans: Technology in promoting globalization process.
Rapid improvement in technology has stimulated the globalization process.
(i) This has made much faster delivery of goods across long distances possible at lower costs.
(ii) Even more remarkable have been the developments in information and communication technology.
(iii) Technology in the areas of telecommunications, computers, Internet has been changing rapidly.
(iv) Telecommunication facilities (telegraph, telephone including mobile phones, fax) are used to contact one another around the world, to access information instantly, and to communicate from remote areas.
(v) This has been facilitated by satellite communication devices.

Q.29. Name the national political party which gets inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values. Mention four features of that party.    (5 marks)
Ans: 'Bharatiya Janata Party' (BJP) gets inspiration from India's ancient culture and values.
Four important features:
(i) Cultural nationalism or 'Hindutva' is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics.
(ii) The party wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India.
(iii) A uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion and ban on religious conversions.
(iv) Its support base increased substantially in 1990s.

Q.30. “Democracy has failed to reduce economic inequality and poverty ”. Do you agree? Give arguments in support of your answer.    (5 marks)
Ans: In actual life, democracies do not appear to be reducing inequalities.
(i) The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party likes to lose their votes, yet democratically elected governments have not addressed the question of poverty as one would have expected them to.
(ii) The people in several poor countries are now dependent on rich countries even for food supplies.
Arguments in support:
(i) It enhances the dignity of the individuals.
(ii) It improves the quality of decision-making.
(iii) It provides a method to resolve conflicts.
“Democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual”. Justify this statement.
Ans: Democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual -
(i) Every individual wants to receive respect from fellow beings.
(ii) The passion for respect and freedom are the basis of democracy.
(iii) Democracy in India has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated groups for equal status and equal opportunities.
(iv) It provides methods to resolve conflicts.
(vi) Any other relevant point.

31. Explain any five factors that are responsible for concentration of iron and steel industries mainly in Chhota Nagpur Plateau Region.    (5 marks)
Ans: Concentration of iron and steel industries in Chhota Nagpur Plateau Region:
(i) High grade raw material in proximity.
(ii) Availability of labour.
(iii) Raw materials as well as finished goods are heavy and bulky containing heavy transport cost.
(iv) Road and rail transport facilities are available.
(v) Vast growth potential in the home market.
(vi) Low cost iron ore.
Detailed Answer:
The factors responsible for the concentration of iron and steel industries in and around the 'Chhota Nagpur Plateau Region' are as follows :
(i) Low cost of iron ore. Iron mines are located in the nearby areas.
(ii) High grade raw materials in proximity and other bulky raw materials like coking coal, limestone are also available in proximity.
(iii) From the adjoining areas of Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha, cheap labour is available in abundance.
(iv) This region is well connected with roadways and railways that helps in the swift movement of raw materials and finished goods to the industry and market areas, respectively.
(v) Kolkata is a well developed p ort th at is n ear to this area.
How can the industrial pollution of fresh water be reduced? Explain various ways.

Ans: Control of industrial pollution of fresh water:
(i) Minimizing the use of water for processing by reusing.
(ii) Harvesting of rainwater to meet water requirement.
(iii) Treating hot water and effluents before releasing them in rivers and ponds.
(iv) Regulation of use of ground water by industries.
(v) Installing water treatment plants at the industrial sites for recycling.
(vi) Any other relevant points to be explained.
Detailed Answer:
After Independence, the number of industries has been increasing at a rapid pace and this has become a reason for pressure on existing fresh - water resources. Fresh water is almost limited, though renewable in India, but over exploitation and mismanagement of this resource by industries is aggravating the water stress day-by-day.
(i) Industries, especially heavy industries, use huge amount of fresh water for industrial purpose and pollute and waste such water.
(ii) These industries, for their energy requirements, depend on hydroelectric projects and this electricity is generated through the construction of dams in the rivers' upstream. So, the river almost dries up in the lower stream areas.
(iii) Again, industries dump the chemical waste in the rivers, lakes, etc., which then consequently pollutes the water dangerously for human survival. These also contaminate the ground water through seepage of industrial wastes. So, the increasing number of industries exerts pressure on existing freshwater resources.

Section E

Q.32. (i) Two places (A) and (B) are marked on the given political outline map of India. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(A) The city associated with the Jallianwala Bagh incident.     (1 Mark) 
(B) The place where Gandhiji violated the Salt Law.     (1 Mark) 
(ii) On the same outline map of India, locate and label any three of the following with appropriate symbols:
(a) Salal : Dam
(b) Mumbai : Cotton Textile Industry
(c) Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose : International Airport
(d) Ramagundam : Thermal Power Plant
(e) Visakhapatnam : Major Seaport     (3 Mark) 
Sample Question Paper (2020-21) - 1 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Ans: (i) & (ii)

Sample Question Paper (2020-21) - 1 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

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