Sample Solution Paper 1 - Accountancy, Class 11 Commerce Notes | EduRev

Sample Papers for Class 11 Commerce

Class 11 : Sample Solution Paper 1 - Accountancy, Class 11 Commerce Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XI Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1  
 
Part A 
 
Answer 1 
While preparing the trial balance by balance method, accounts having no balance are not 
considered. 
 
Answer 2 
Option B: Drawings A/c    Dr.      1, 50,000 
          To Office Expenses A/c       1, 50,000 
 
Answer 3 
Option B: `40, 000  
 
Answer 4 
Posting is the process of transferring entries from the journal to their respective accounts 
in the ledger. 
 
Answer: 5 
Option A: An Event 
 
Answer: 6 
Option C: Inflation Accounting 
 
Answer: 7 
Rules of debit and credit same for liability and capital because of business entity concept. 
According to the concept, business is a separate and distinct entity from its owner. 
 
Answer: 8 
Option C: Comparability 
 
Answer: 9 
Option A: Profit of `3, 700. 
 
 
 
Page 2


  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XI Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1  
 
Part A 
 
Answer 1 
While preparing the trial balance by balance method, accounts having no balance are not 
considered. 
 
Answer 2 
Option B: Drawings A/c    Dr.      1, 50,000 
          To Office Expenses A/c       1, 50,000 
 
Answer 3 
Option B: `40, 000  
 
Answer 4 
Posting is the process of transferring entries from the journal to their respective accounts 
in the ledger. 
 
Answer: 5 
Option A: An Event 
 
Answer: 6 
Option C: Inflation Accounting 
 
Answer: 7 
Rules of debit and credit same for liability and capital because of business entity concept. 
According to the concept, business is a separate and distinct entity from its owner. 
 
Answer: 8 
Option C: Comparability 
 
Answer: 9 
Option A: Profit of `3, 700. 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
Answer: 10 
Credit note is a document evidencing for the credit granted to the named person for the 
reason stated therein. 
 
Answer 11 
Option B: Errors of Principle 
Answer 12 
Trial balance is a statement which is prepared with the debit and credit balances of the 
ledger accounts to check the arithmetic accuracy of the books. It can be prepared on any 
date. While preparing trial balance all accounts are considered. These ledger accounts 
except cash and bank balances are taken from the ledger.  
 
Answer 13 
Option B: Salaries A/c   Dr. 15,000 
                         To X’s A/c                  15,000 
 
Answer 14 
Profit = Closing Capital + Drawing – Opening Capital - Capital Introduced  
= 5, 00,000 + 3, 75,000 - 7, 50,000 – 50,000  
= 75,000 
(OR) 
i. Capital: It is the amount invested by the proprietor in a business. If the business earns 
profit or invests  additional  amount,  the  amount  of  capital  increases  in  the  
business. On the other hand, if the business incurs losses or withdraws the amount 
invested, the amount of capital decreases. 
ii. Drawings: It is the amount of cash or goods withdrawn from the business by the 
proprietor for personal use. 
iii. Account: It is a record of transactions (cash or credit) maintained under a particular 
head which shows the transactions and the effect of such transactions in the books of 
accounts. 
 
Answer 15 
According to historical cost principle, all assets are recorded in the books of accounts at the 
purchase price which includes the purchase price, cost of acquisition and installation. The 
purchase price will remain same for all further accounting even though there is change in 
the market value. For example, a machine is purchased for ` 250,000, its acquisition cost is 
` 10,000, transportation cost is ` 5000 and the installation cost is ` 12,000. Hence, the cost 
of machine will be entered in the books of accounts as ` 277,000. If the market value of 
machine is increased to ` 300,000, this change in the cost will not be reflected in the books 
of accounts. It does not maintain the true value of machine. 
Page 3


  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XI Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1  
 
Part A 
 
Answer 1 
While preparing the trial balance by balance method, accounts having no balance are not 
considered. 
 
Answer 2 
Option B: Drawings A/c    Dr.      1, 50,000 
          To Office Expenses A/c       1, 50,000 
 
Answer 3 
Option B: `40, 000  
 
Answer 4 
Posting is the process of transferring entries from the journal to their respective accounts 
in the ledger. 
 
Answer: 5 
Option A: An Event 
 
Answer: 6 
Option C: Inflation Accounting 
 
Answer: 7 
Rules of debit and credit same for liability and capital because of business entity concept. 
According to the concept, business is a separate and distinct entity from its owner. 
 
Answer: 8 
Option C: Comparability 
 
Answer: 9 
Option A: Profit of `3, 700. 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
Answer: 10 
Credit note is a document evidencing for the credit granted to the named person for the 
reason stated therein. 
 
Answer 11 
Option B: Errors of Principle 
Answer 12 
Trial balance is a statement which is prepared with the debit and credit balances of the 
ledger accounts to check the arithmetic accuracy of the books. It can be prepared on any 
date. While preparing trial balance all accounts are considered. These ledger accounts 
except cash and bank balances are taken from the ledger.  
 
Answer 13 
Option B: Salaries A/c   Dr. 15,000 
                         To X’s A/c                  15,000 
 
Answer 14 
Profit = Closing Capital + Drawing – Opening Capital - Capital Introduced  
= 5, 00,000 + 3, 75,000 - 7, 50,000 – 50,000  
= 75,000 
(OR) 
i. Capital: It is the amount invested by the proprietor in a business. If the business earns 
profit or invests  additional  amount,  the  amount  of  capital  increases  in  the  
business. On the other hand, if the business incurs losses or withdraws the amount 
invested, the amount of capital decreases. 
ii. Drawings: It is the amount of cash or goods withdrawn from the business by the 
proprietor for personal use. 
iii. Account: It is a record of transactions (cash or credit) maintained under a particular 
head which shows the transactions and the effect of such transactions in the books of 
accounts. 
 
Answer 15 
According to historical cost principle, all assets are recorded in the books of accounts at the 
purchase price which includes the purchase price, cost of acquisition and installation. The 
purchase price will remain same for all further accounting even though there is change in 
the market value. For example, a machine is purchased for ` 250,000, its acquisition cost is 
` 10,000, transportation cost is ` 5000 and the installation cost is ` 12,000. Hence, the cost 
of machine will be entered in the books of accounts as ` 277,000. If the market value of 
machine is increased to ` 300,000, this change in the cost will not be reflected in the books 
of accounts. It does not maintain the true value of machine. 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
According to consistency assumption of accounting, accounting policies and practices 
followed by an enterprise should be uniform and consistent over a period of time. For 
example, if an enterprise followed different methods in two years for depreciation of its 
assets, then the financial information will not be comparable. Hence, the personal bias gets 
eliminate through the practice of consistency. However, consistency does allow changes in 
accounting policies but it should be disclosed. 
 
Answer 16 
Journal  
 In the Books of ……….  
Particulars  L.F. Dr.  ` Cr.  ` 
Cash A/c Dr.  6,000  
Bad debts A/c Dr.  4,000  
To Vinod  A/c    10,000 
(Being 60 paise in rupee received from Mr. Vinod out 
of a debt of `10,000) 
    
     
Vinod  A/c Dr.  7,500  
To Cash A/c    7,300 
To Discount Received A/c    200 
(Being the cash paid to Vinod after receiving discount 
of `200) 
    
     
Cash  A/c  Dr.  500  
  To Bad Debts Recovered A/c    500 
(Being the amount earlier written off as bad debt 
now received) 
    
 
(OR) 
Accrual Basis of Accounting: 
i. Under this system of accounting, income is recorded as income when it is earned or 
accrued and expense will be recorded as an expense when the expense is incurred 
even if the payment has not been made. 
ii. This system is based on the concept of realisation and expiration and follows two basic 
accounting principles namely, Revenue Recognition and Matching Principle. 
iii. Under this system, outstanding and prepaid expenses and incomes are to be adjusted 
in order to ascertain the correct profit or loss for the accounting period.  
iv. It is considered as an important basis of accounting because as per the Companies Act, 
2013 companies are required to follow this basis of accounting in maintaining their 
books of account. 
 
 
Page 4


  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XI Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1  
 
Part A 
 
Answer 1 
While preparing the trial balance by balance method, accounts having no balance are not 
considered. 
 
Answer 2 
Option B: Drawings A/c    Dr.      1, 50,000 
          To Office Expenses A/c       1, 50,000 
 
Answer 3 
Option B: `40, 000  
 
Answer 4 
Posting is the process of transferring entries from the journal to their respective accounts 
in the ledger. 
 
Answer: 5 
Option A: An Event 
 
Answer: 6 
Option C: Inflation Accounting 
 
Answer: 7 
Rules of debit and credit same for liability and capital because of business entity concept. 
According to the concept, business is a separate and distinct entity from its owner. 
 
Answer: 8 
Option C: Comparability 
 
Answer: 9 
Option A: Profit of `3, 700. 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
Answer: 10 
Credit note is a document evidencing for the credit granted to the named person for the 
reason stated therein. 
 
Answer 11 
Option B: Errors of Principle 
Answer 12 
Trial balance is a statement which is prepared with the debit and credit balances of the 
ledger accounts to check the arithmetic accuracy of the books. It can be prepared on any 
date. While preparing trial balance all accounts are considered. These ledger accounts 
except cash and bank balances are taken from the ledger.  
 
Answer 13 
Option B: Salaries A/c   Dr. 15,000 
                         To X’s A/c                  15,000 
 
Answer 14 
Profit = Closing Capital + Drawing – Opening Capital - Capital Introduced  
= 5, 00,000 + 3, 75,000 - 7, 50,000 – 50,000  
= 75,000 
(OR) 
i. Capital: It is the amount invested by the proprietor in a business. If the business earns 
profit or invests  additional  amount,  the  amount  of  capital  increases  in  the  
business. On the other hand, if the business incurs losses or withdraws the amount 
invested, the amount of capital decreases. 
ii. Drawings: It is the amount of cash or goods withdrawn from the business by the 
proprietor for personal use. 
iii. Account: It is a record of transactions (cash or credit) maintained under a particular 
head which shows the transactions and the effect of such transactions in the books of 
accounts. 
 
Answer 15 
According to historical cost principle, all assets are recorded in the books of accounts at the 
purchase price which includes the purchase price, cost of acquisition and installation. The 
purchase price will remain same for all further accounting even though there is change in 
the market value. For example, a machine is purchased for ` 250,000, its acquisition cost is 
` 10,000, transportation cost is ` 5000 and the installation cost is ` 12,000. Hence, the cost 
of machine will be entered in the books of accounts as ` 277,000. If the market value of 
machine is increased to ` 300,000, this change in the cost will not be reflected in the books 
of accounts. It does not maintain the true value of machine. 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
According to consistency assumption of accounting, accounting policies and practices 
followed by an enterprise should be uniform and consistent over a period of time. For 
example, if an enterprise followed different methods in two years for depreciation of its 
assets, then the financial information will not be comparable. Hence, the personal bias gets 
eliminate through the practice of consistency. However, consistency does allow changes in 
accounting policies but it should be disclosed. 
 
Answer 16 
Journal  
 In the Books of ……….  
Particulars  L.F. Dr.  ` Cr.  ` 
Cash A/c Dr.  6,000  
Bad debts A/c Dr.  4,000  
To Vinod  A/c    10,000 
(Being 60 paise in rupee received from Mr. Vinod out 
of a debt of `10,000) 
    
     
Vinod  A/c Dr.  7,500  
To Cash A/c    7,300 
To Discount Received A/c    200 
(Being the cash paid to Vinod after receiving discount 
of `200) 
    
     
Cash  A/c  Dr.  500  
  To Bad Debts Recovered A/c    500 
(Being the amount earlier written off as bad debt 
now received) 
    
 
(OR) 
Accrual Basis of Accounting: 
i. Under this system of accounting, income is recorded as income when it is earned or 
accrued and expense will be recorded as an expense when the expense is incurred 
even if the payment has not been made. 
ii. This system is based on the concept of realisation and expiration and follows two basic 
accounting principles namely, Revenue Recognition and Matching Principle. 
iii. Under this system, outstanding and prepaid expenses and incomes are to be adjusted 
in order to ascertain the correct profit or loss for the accounting period.  
iv. It is considered as an important basis of accounting because as per the Companies Act, 
2013 companies are required to follow this basis of accounting in maintaining their 
books of account. 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
Answer 17 
Trial Balance on …………. 
Heads of Accounts L.F. Dr. Balance 
` 
Cr. Balance 
 ` 
Prepaid Expense   5,000  
Profit and Loss A/c (Profit)   8,000 
Outstanding Rent    2,000 
Bad Debts Recovered   4,000 
Interest on Investment   1,000 
Due to Mohan   5,000 
Bank overdraft   2,000 
Discount Allowed  800  
Due from Vinod  1,200  
Investment  15,000  
Patents  4,000  
Machinery  6,000  
Capital   10,000 
Total  32,000 32,000 
 
 
Answer 18 
A’s  Journal 
Particulars  L.F. Dr.  ` Cr.  ` 
B A/c  Dr.  4,000  
To Sales A/c    4,000 
(Being the goods sold on credit)     
Bills Receivable A/c Dr.  4,000  
To B A/c    4,000 
(Being the acceptance received)     
     
Bank A/c  Dr.  3,900  
Discounting charges A/c  Dr.  100  
To Bills Receivable A/c    4,000 
(Being the bill discounted)     
B’s A/c  Dr.  4,050  
To Bank A/c    4,050 
(Being the bill dishonoured and noting charges 
`50 paid by bank) 
  
  
 
 
 
Page 5


  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
CBSE 
Class XI Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1  
 
Part A 
 
Answer 1 
While preparing the trial balance by balance method, accounts having no balance are not 
considered. 
 
Answer 2 
Option B: Drawings A/c    Dr.      1, 50,000 
          To Office Expenses A/c       1, 50,000 
 
Answer 3 
Option B: `40, 000  
 
Answer 4 
Posting is the process of transferring entries from the journal to their respective accounts 
in the ledger. 
 
Answer: 5 
Option A: An Event 
 
Answer: 6 
Option C: Inflation Accounting 
 
Answer: 7 
Rules of debit and credit same for liability and capital because of business entity concept. 
According to the concept, business is a separate and distinct entity from its owner. 
 
Answer: 8 
Option C: Comparability 
 
Answer: 9 
Option A: Profit of `3, 700. 
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
Answer: 10 
Credit note is a document evidencing for the credit granted to the named person for the 
reason stated therein. 
 
Answer 11 
Option B: Errors of Principle 
Answer 12 
Trial balance is a statement which is prepared with the debit and credit balances of the 
ledger accounts to check the arithmetic accuracy of the books. It can be prepared on any 
date. While preparing trial balance all accounts are considered. These ledger accounts 
except cash and bank balances are taken from the ledger.  
 
Answer 13 
Option B: Salaries A/c   Dr. 15,000 
                         To X’s A/c                  15,000 
 
Answer 14 
Profit = Closing Capital + Drawing – Opening Capital - Capital Introduced  
= 5, 00,000 + 3, 75,000 - 7, 50,000 – 50,000  
= 75,000 
(OR) 
i. Capital: It is the amount invested by the proprietor in a business. If the business earns 
profit or invests  additional  amount,  the  amount  of  capital  increases  in  the  
business. On the other hand, if the business incurs losses or withdraws the amount 
invested, the amount of capital decreases. 
ii. Drawings: It is the amount of cash or goods withdrawn from the business by the 
proprietor for personal use. 
iii. Account: It is a record of transactions (cash or credit) maintained under a particular 
head which shows the transactions and the effect of such transactions in the books of 
accounts. 
 
Answer 15 
According to historical cost principle, all assets are recorded in the books of accounts at the 
purchase price which includes the purchase price, cost of acquisition and installation. The 
purchase price will remain same for all further accounting even though there is change in 
the market value. For example, a machine is purchased for ` 250,000, its acquisition cost is 
` 10,000, transportation cost is ` 5000 and the installation cost is ` 12,000. Hence, the cost 
of machine will be entered in the books of accounts as ` 277,000. If the market value of 
machine is increased to ` 300,000, this change in the cost will not be reflected in the books 
of accounts. It does not maintain the true value of machine. 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
According to consistency assumption of accounting, accounting policies and practices 
followed by an enterprise should be uniform and consistent over a period of time. For 
example, if an enterprise followed different methods in two years for depreciation of its 
assets, then the financial information will not be comparable. Hence, the personal bias gets 
eliminate through the practice of consistency. However, consistency does allow changes in 
accounting policies but it should be disclosed. 
 
Answer 16 
Journal  
 In the Books of ……….  
Particulars  L.F. Dr.  ` Cr.  ` 
Cash A/c Dr.  6,000  
Bad debts A/c Dr.  4,000  
To Vinod  A/c    10,000 
(Being 60 paise in rupee received from Mr. Vinod out 
of a debt of `10,000) 
    
     
Vinod  A/c Dr.  7,500  
To Cash A/c    7,300 
To Discount Received A/c    200 
(Being the cash paid to Vinod after receiving discount 
of `200) 
    
     
Cash  A/c  Dr.  500  
  To Bad Debts Recovered A/c    500 
(Being the amount earlier written off as bad debt 
now received) 
    
 
(OR) 
Accrual Basis of Accounting: 
i. Under this system of accounting, income is recorded as income when it is earned or 
accrued and expense will be recorded as an expense when the expense is incurred 
even if the payment has not been made. 
ii. This system is based on the concept of realisation and expiration and follows two basic 
accounting principles namely, Revenue Recognition and Matching Principle. 
iii. Under this system, outstanding and prepaid expenses and incomes are to be adjusted 
in order to ascertain the correct profit or loss for the accounting period.  
iv. It is considered as an important basis of accounting because as per the Companies Act, 
2013 companies are required to follow this basis of accounting in maintaining their 
books of account. 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
Answer 17 
Trial Balance on …………. 
Heads of Accounts L.F. Dr. Balance 
` 
Cr. Balance 
 ` 
Prepaid Expense   5,000  
Profit and Loss A/c (Profit)   8,000 
Outstanding Rent    2,000 
Bad Debts Recovered   4,000 
Interest on Investment   1,000 
Due to Mohan   5,000 
Bank overdraft   2,000 
Discount Allowed  800  
Due from Vinod  1,200  
Investment  15,000  
Patents  4,000  
Machinery  6,000  
Capital   10,000 
Total  32,000 32,000 
 
 
Answer 18 
A’s  Journal 
Particulars  L.F. Dr.  ` Cr.  ` 
B A/c  Dr.  4,000  
To Sales A/c    4,000 
(Being the goods sold on credit)     
Bills Receivable A/c Dr.  4,000  
To B A/c    4,000 
(Being the acceptance received)     
     
Bank A/c  Dr.  3,900  
Discounting charges A/c  Dr.  100  
To Bills Receivable A/c    4,000 
(Being the bill discounted)     
B’s A/c  Dr.  4,050  
To Bank A/c    4,050 
(Being the bill dishonoured and noting charges 
`50 paid by bank) 
  
  
 
 
 
  
 
CBSE XI  |  Accountancy 
Sample Paper – 1 
 
     
Answer 19  
In the Books of Harsh Traders 
Cash Book (Simple) 
Dr.                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cr. 
Date Particulars V. 
No. 
L.F. Cash 
` 
Date Particulars V. 
No. 
L.F. Cash 
` 
2015     2015     
Jan  1 To Balance b/d   20,000 Jan  6 By Machinery A/c     8,000 
Jan  3 To Raj A/c 
  
  5,000 Jan  9 
By Insurance 
Premium A/c 
  
  2,500 
Jan 12 To Sales A/c 
  
10,000 Jan 15 
By Postal stamps 
A/c 
  
     500 
Jan 13 To Commission A/c     2,000 Jan 18 By Purchases A/c      1,600 
Jan 28 To Furniture A/c     3,000 Jan 23 By Paras A/c      3,000 
     Jan 26 By Rent A/c      4,500 
     Jan 29 By Bank A/c      1,800 
     Jan 31 By Salary A/c      6,000 
     Jan 31 By Balance c/d    12,100 
    40,000     40,000 
Feb  1 To Balance b/d   12,100      
          
 
(OR) 
 
Sr. 
no. 
Basis Provisions Reserves 
1 Meaning It is a diminution of value of 
assets and hence, is a liability. 
It is a part of profits that is 
retained by the company and not 
distributed to the shareholders. 
2 Purpose It is created for specific 
purposes like depreciation, 
expenses, etc. 
It may either be created for a 
specific purpose or for a general 
purpose.  
3 Charge vs. 
Appropriation 
It is a charge against the profit 
and therefore, reduces amount 
of profit. 
It is an appropriation out of 
profits and therefore, can be 
created only when there is profit. 
4 Disclosure in 
the Income 
Statement 
It is shown in the Income 
Statement under expenses. 
It is not shown in the Income 
Statement. 
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