Q.1. Who moved the ‘Objective Resolution’ in the Constituent Assembly?
Ans. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru moved the ‘Objective Resolution’ in the Constituent Assembly.
Q.2. What are the different forms of justice mentioned in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?
Ans. There are three forms of justice mentioned in the Preamble to the Constitution.
(a) Social justice,
(b) Economic justice,
(c) Political justice.
Q.3. What is the nature of state according to the Preamble?
Ans. The nature of the state according to the Preamble is Sovereign, Democratic, Secular, Socialist and Republic.
Q.4. Discuss the objectives of our Constitution as embodied in the Preamble.
Ans. Following are the objectives of our Constitution given in the Preamble:
(a) Justice, social, political and economic
(b) Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
(c) Equality of Status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
(d) Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation.
Q.5. Write down the different forms of liberty mentioned in the Preamble of the Constitution.
Ans. The aim of the Preamble is to provide liberty to the people and Preamble mentioned the various types of liberties, such as:
(a) Liberty of Thought. Liberty of thought is given to all citizens of India.
(b) Liberty of Expression. Citizens are guaranteed the liberty of expression.
(c) Liberty of Belief and Faith. Citizens are given liberty of belief and faith.
(d) Liberty of Worship. The Constitution guarantees liberty of worship.
Q.6. Mention the kinds of Justice included in the Preamble of the Constitution.
Ans. In the Preamble the idea of achieving Social, Economic and Political Justice for all has been mentioned.
Q.7. Discuss the circumstances which led to the formation of the Constituent Assembly.
Ans. Our Constitution was drafted by a Constituent Assembly composed of Indian people.
Mahatma Gandhi mooted the idea of Constituent Assembly in 1922 and the Indian National Congress put the demand in a concrete form in 1935. But this demand of Congress party remained unfulfilled for a number of years. It was incorporated in the Cripps Proposals of 1942 that after the end of the war, a Constitution-making body would be set up to frame a new Constitution. However, for various reasons the Cripps Proposals did not meet the approval of the Indian people. The Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946 proposed the Constitution of an Assembly to frame the Constitution. The elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in 1946 according to the Cabinet Mission Plan. Its first meeting was held on 9th December, 1946.
Q.8. Explain the composition of the Constituent Assembly.
Ans. The Constituent Assembly consisted of 389 members: 296 from the British-Indian provinces and 93 from the Indian states. Out of 296, 4 members were taken from the Chief Commissioners’ Provinces. The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was presided over by an experienced and old member Dr. Sachidanand Sinha in which 210 members participated.
Q.9. Write a short note on the Constituent Assembly of India.
Ans. The Cabinet Mission, 1946 recommended the setting up of Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly was to consist of 389 members: 296 from the British provinces and 93 from the Indian states. The elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July, 1946. The results of the elections created a sense of frustration in the league. The Constituent Assembly constituted of 299 members after the withdrawal of the Muslim League. The first session of the Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946. The Constituent Assembly adopted the National Flag on 22nd July, 1947. On August 29, 1947 a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was appointed.
After doing much labour, the Draft Constitution was published in January, 1948. The members of the Constituent Assembly were given full eight months to consider the draft of the Constitution. At last on November 26, 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted the new Constitution of India. The new Constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950.
Q.10. Mention four sources of Indian Constitution.
(a) Amendment is the main source of Indian Constitution.
(b) Acts of Parliament is another source of Indian Constitution.
(c) The Act of 1935 is an important source of Indian Constitution. The Constitution derives a lot from the Government of India Act, 1935.
(d) Constitutional provisions of other countries like France, Britain, USA and Ireland were the important source of other constitution.
Q.11. Why is Indian Constitution bulky?
Ans. Indian Constitution is the lengthiest Constitution in the world. Indian Constitution is very lengthy due to the following reasons:
Q.12. Why do we need a Constitution?
Why does any nation need a constitution?
What are the functions of constitutions?
Ans. All the democratic countries of the world have Constitutions. We need a Constitution due to the following reasons:
(a) Constitution is needed to provide basic rules which assure coordination amongst members of a society.
(b) Constitution is needed to provide fundamental principles and rules on the basis of which government should be run.
(c) Constitution is needed to specify how the government will be constituted.
(d) Constitution puts limitations on the three organs of the government so that no organ should become absolute and arbitrary.
Q.13. “Indian constitution is neither too flexible and nor too rigid” Justify.
Ans. Indian constitution is world's largest written constitution. And in general, changing a written constitution is very difficult. But, Indian Constitution is both rigid and flexible, because the procedure of amendment is neither easy nor difficult. The Constitution has provided a federal structure for India. A special majority of the Union Parliament, i.e., a majority of not less than two-thirds vote is required to amend the Constitution.
Q.14. Explain the term Fraternity.
Ans. The dictionary meaning of the term Fraternity is brotherhood. Without fraternity, Liberty and equality are meaningless. It was the main slogan of the French Revolution. The preamble of indian constitution lays special stress upon the promotion of fellow feeling among the people of India. Unless the people become a community of interests, the cohesion into one nation is not possible.
Q.15. Bring Out The Significance Of The Terms “sovereign, Democratic Republic” As Mentioned In The Preamble.?
Ans. India is a sovereign state. It means the state in India is the supreme authority over all men and all associations within the country and is absolutely free from any outside control.
India is democratic. It means that in India all governments are formed on the basis of popular support. India is republic. It means all offices of the state from the highest to the lowest are held on the basis of merit and no office of the state is held on the basis of hereditary right.