Simple Present Tenses -Tenses, English, Class 8 Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8

Class 8: Simple Present Tenses -Tenses, English, Class 8 Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8

The document Simple Present Tenses -Tenses, English, Class 8 Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8 is a part of the Class 8 Course English Class 8.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8

I.  The Simple Present or The Present Indefinite Tense

In the simple present tense we normally use the root (first) form of the verb. But with he, she, it and other third person singular subjects, we add –s or –es to the root form of the verb.

Structure

Positive or Affirmative Sentences Sub + V1 + s or es (V1 or V3 form of verb)
Negative Sentences Sub + do not/ does not + V1
Interrogative Sentences Do/ Does + sub + V1 + ?
Interrogative-negative Sentences Do/ Does + sub + not + V1 + ?

 

Let’s understand them with examples:

Positive or Affirmative Negative Interrogative Interrogative­ negative
I play. I do not play. Do I play? Do I not play?
We play. We do not play. Do we play? Do we not play?
You play. You do not play. Do you play? Do you not play?
He/ She/ It (all other third person singular subjects) plays. He/ She/ It does not Play Does he/ she/ it play? Does he/ she/ it not play
They (all other third person plural subjects) play. They do not play. Do they play? Do they not play?

Note:
Short form of do not = don’t
Short form of doest not = doesn’t

Uses
The Simple Present Tense is used to
1. express custom or habitual actions; e.g.,
(i) The cow gives milk.
(ii) Children play in the evening.
(iii) My grandmother tells stories at bedtime.
(iv) I never tell a lie.

2. express permanent truth; e.g.,
(i) The sun rises in the east.
(ii) Stars twinkle in the sky.
(iii) Man is mortal.
(iv) Honesty is the best policy.

3. express a fact which is true at the time of speaking; e.g.,
(i) My uncle lives in London.
(ii) The Rajdhani Express stops at this station.

The document Simple Present Tenses -Tenses, English, Class 8 Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8 is a part of the Class 8 Course English Class 8.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8

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