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Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? Notes | Study Science Class 6 - Class 6

Document Description: Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? for Class 6 2022 is part of Science Class 6 preparation. The notes and questions for Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? have been prepared according to the Class 6 exam syllabus. Information about Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? covers topics like Food Variety, Food Materials and Sources, [Question: 637541] , Plant Parts as Food, [Question: 637544] , What do Animals Eat?, Questions for you and Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? Example, for Class 6 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from?.

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Table of contents
Food Variety
Food Materials and Sources
[Question: 637541] 
Plant Parts as Food
[Question: 637544] 
What do Animals Eat?
Questions for you
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Food that we eat comes from many sources. This food is crucial in determining the health of our body. 

Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? Notes | Study Science Class 6 - Class 6

Hence, care needs to be taken to eat the right kind of food. Some of the resources from where we can obtain different types of food materials are:

  • Fruits from plants
  • Vegetables and legumes from plants
  • Fish, lean meat, eggs, poultry from animals
  • Pulses, whole grains, Cereals from plants
  • Milk and its derivatives such as – curd, butter, cheese, cottage cheese, clarified butter from animals, etc.

Food Variety

The component that we consume and provides nourishment to the body, is called food. Food is essential for every living organism.
Example: Rice, chapati, curry, fruits, vegetables, cheese, bread, milk, curd, butter, etc. 

Ingredients: Substances or materials that are required to prepare a dish are called Ingredients.
Example: Atta (flour) and water are the two ingredients required to make a chapatti.

Preparation of DoughPreparation of Dough

Food Materials and Sources

  • Plants are one of the primary sources of food. Almost all parts of a plant are edible such as leaves, fruits, seeds, stems, flowers, and roots.
  • Some plants have two or more edible parts such as mustard. Mustard seeds yield oil, its leaves are used to make food.
    Food ItemsFood Items
  • Some seeds are sprouted to be consumed. Nectar from flowers is collected by bees which are later converted to honey and stored in their hives and finally extracted by us.
  • Food materials such as milk, eggs, lean meat, and fish are obtained from animals.
  • Cheese and butter are animal products as they are obtained from milk. Milk is processed with the action of bacteria for the formation of curd. Further processing yields clarified butter and so on.
  • Flour is obtained from the wheat plant. Flour is used widely in the baking industry to make bread, cakes, pastries, puffs, biscuits, etc.
  • Food from animals is rich in proteins and vitamins.

Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? Notes | Study Science Class 6 - Class 6

Question for Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from?
Try yourself:Which of these ingredients is not obtained from plants or animals?
View Solution
 

Plant Parts as Food

Some examples of edible plant parts are shown below:

  • Roots: Beets, carrots, radishes, turnips, ginger.
  • Stems: Broccoli stem, bamboo shoots, sugar cane, potato.
  • Leaves: Spinach, lettuce, etc.
  • Fruits: Apple, pear, tomatoes, grapes, cherries, oranges.
  • Edible Flowers: Broccoli heads, cauliflower heads.
  • Seeds: Sunflower seeds.
    Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? Notes | Study Science Class 6 - Class 6

Question for Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from?
Try yourself:Which part of a mustard plant is edible?
View Solution
 

What do Animals Eat?

Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? Notes | Study Science Class 6 - Class 6

Animals are categorized based on their eating habits into herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores.

1. Herbivores are animals that eat only plants and plant products.
Examples: Cows, goats, deer, giraffe etc.

Cow: HerbivoreCow: Herbivore

2. Carnivores are animals who eat meat. They only consume the meat of other animals.
Examples: Lions, tigers, vultures, etc.

Cheetah: CarnivoreCheetah: Carnivore

3. Omnivores are animals that feed on both plants and other animals are called omnivores.
Examples: Humans, bears etc.

Black bear: OmnivoreBlack bear: Omnivore


Questions for you

Q1. How are scavengers different from carnivores since both eat flesh? Give two examples of carnivores and scavengers.
Ans: Carnivores and scavengers both feed on the flesh of other animals; however, carnivores hunt their prey, whereas scavengers do not kill other animals. They feed on already dead animals.
Examples:
Carnivores - Lion, Tiger
Scavengers - Prawns, Vultures


Q2. Name some plants which have two or more edible parts.
Ans:

Key Concepts: Food - Where does it Come from? Notes | Study Science Class 6 - Class 6


Q.3. Give an example of a plant where one or more parts of it are consumed as food.
Ans: Seeds and leaves of the mustard plant are consumed.


Q.4. 
 Name an edible non-green plant.

Ans: Mushroom 


Q.5. Can you think of a plant that is consumed as food and grows in the water?

Ans: We consume the stem of the lotus plant. 

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