The document Syllabus - Civil Engineering, GATE Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev is a part of the GATE Course GATE Past Year Papers for Practice (All Branches).

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Before getting into the details of **GATE 2022 Civil Engineering Syllabus**, let’s have an overview of **GATE 2022 Exam Pattern** for Civil Engineering.

__The three sections of the GATE paper are:__**(i) **General Aptitude**(ii) **Engineering Mathematics**(iii) **Subject-Specific Section

Let us now look into the detailed GATE syllabus for Civil Engineering.**Syllabus for General Aptitude (GA) (Common to all Papers)**

**1. Verbal Aptitude**

**Basic English grammar:**tenses, articles, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, verb-noun agreement, and other parts of speech.**Basic vocabulary:**words, idioms, and phrases in context.- Reading and comprehension.
- Narrative sequencing.

**2. Quantitative Aptitude**

**Data interpretation:**data graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other graphs representing data), 2- and 3-dimensional plots, maps, and tables.**Numerical computation and estimation:**ratios, percentages, powers, exponents and logarithms, permutations and combinations, and series.- Mensuration and geometry.
- Elementary statistics and probability.

**3. Analytical Aptitude**

**Logic:**deduction and induction.- Analogy
- Numerical relations and reasoning.

**4. Spatial Aptitude**

**Transformation of shapes:**translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, assembling, and grouping.- Paper folding, cutting, and patterns in 2 and 3 dimensions.

**Civil Engineering**

**Linear Algebra:**Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.**Calculus:**Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line, Surface and Volume integrals.**Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE):**First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; initial and boundary value problems.**Partial Differential Equation (PDE):**Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one- dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.**Probability and Statistics:**Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics - Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression.**Numerical Methods:**Error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.

**2. Structural Engineering**

**Engineering Mechanics****:**System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.**Solid Mechanics****:**Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.**Structural Analysis****:**Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.**Construction Materials & Management****:****Construction Materials:**Structural Steel - Composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete - Constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties.**Construction Management:**Types of construction projects; Project planning and network analysis - PERT and CPM; Cost estimation.**Concrete Structures****:**Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams.**Steel Structures****:**Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections - simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis - beams and frames.

**3. Geotechnical Engineering**

**Soil Mechanics****:**Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability - one dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two - dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths.**Foundation Engineering****:**Sub-surface investigations - Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories - Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes –Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations -dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile loadtest, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction.

**4. Water Resources Engineering**

**Fluid Mechanics****:**Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag.**Hydraulics:**Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics - Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles.**Hydrology****:**Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology - steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law.**Irrigation****:**Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements - Duty, delta, evapo-transpiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on permeable foundation; cross drainage structures.

**Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment:**Basics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations; Water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment. Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different applications.**Air Pollution:**Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air quality Index and limits.**Municipal Solid Wastes:**Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

**Transportation Infrastructure:**Geometric design of highways - cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments. Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant. Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design.**Highway Pavements:**Highway materials - desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes.**Traffic Engineering:**Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity.

- Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment.
- Maps - scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.
- Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing - Scale, flying height; Basics of remote sensing and GIS.

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