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The Past Perfect Tense - Tenses, English, Class 8 - English Class 8

Structure

 

Positive or Affirmative sentences Sub + had + V3
Negative Sentences Sub + had not + V3
Interrogative Sentences Had + sub + V3 + ?
Interrogative-negative Sentences Had + sub + not + V3 + ?

 

Let’s understand them with examples

 

Positive or Affirmative Negative Interrogative Interrogative negative
I had played. I had not played. Had I played? Had I not played?
You/ we had played. You/ we had not played. Had you/ we played? Had you/ we not played?
He/ She/ It had played. He/ She/ It had not played. Had he/ she/ it played? Had/ he/ she/ it not played?
They had played. They had not played. Had they played? Had they not played?

Note: Short form of had not = hadn’t

Uses
The Past Perfect Tense is used to

1. express an action that had been completed before another action started; e.g.,
(i) I had eaten before the guests arrived.
(ii) The patient had died before the doctor came.
(iii) The thief had run away before the police came.
(iv) Namita had washed utensils before the maid came.
Note: If two actions take place in past, use past perfect tense for the action taking place  first  (for  example,  the  train  had  left)  and  use  past indefinite tense for the latter (for example, before I reached the station.)

2. express an action that has completed before the beginning of second action; e.g.,
(i) She had already done her work by 6 p.m. yesterday.
(ii) She had completed her work by 9 p.m. yesterday.

3. express an unfulfilled wish of the past; e.g.,
(i) I wished that my younger brother had scored the highest marks in his class.
(ii) If only you had told the truth.
(iii) He wished that he had accepted the offer.
(iv) If only you had caught the thief.

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FAQs on The Past Perfect Tense - Tenses, English, Class 8 - English Class 8

1. What is the Past Perfect tense?
Ans. The Past Perfect tense is a verb tense used to describe an action that happened before another past action. It is formed by using the auxiliary verb "had" followed by the past participle of the main verb.
2. How is the Past Perfect tense formed?
Ans. To form the Past Perfect tense, we use the auxiliary verb "had" followed by the past participle of the main verb. For example, "I had finished my homework before the party."
3. When do we use the Past Perfect tense?
Ans. We use the Past Perfect tense when we want to show that one past action happened before another past action. It is often used to describe the sequence of events in the past. For example, "She had already left when I arrived."
4. Can the Past Perfect tense be used to talk about future events?
Ans. No, the Past Perfect tense is used to talk about actions that happened before another past action. It is not used to talk about future events. For future events, we use other verb tenses such as the Future Simple tense.
5. What is the difference between the Past Perfect tense and the Simple Past tense?
Ans. The Past Perfect tense is used to describe an action that happened before another past action, while the Simple Past tense is used to describe completed actions in the past. The Past Perfect tense emphasizes the sequence of events, while the Simple Past tense focuses on the action itself.
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