Tips & Tricks: Machine Input and Output

# Tips & Tricks: Machine Input and Output | Tips & Tricks for Government Exams - Banking Exams

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Introduction

• Machine input Output is a question type, where the candidate is given some kind of word and number arrangement. With each subsequent operation, the arrangement of the words and numbers changes. These operations are performed until a final arrangement is reached or is performed in loop.
• Input Output reasoning is a process of rearrangement of data or sequence or message consisting of words or number or both based on some rule. In Input Output reasoning questions, a sequence of words, letters or both is considered as an input and then this input is passed through a processing machine or reorganized to give the sequential outputs.

Types

1. Single Shifting

• In this type of Input Output reasoning, letters or numbers rearrangement will take place from only one end such as either from right end or left end.

2. Double Shifting

• In this type of Input Output reasoning, letters or numbers rearrangement will take place from both ends simultaneously.

3. Operation Based

• In this type of Input Output reasoning, different operations will be performed on words and numbers while rearrangements take place.

4. Box Based

• In this type of Input Output reasoning, numbers will be given and different operations need to be applied on it in each step.

Tips

• The easiest and fastest way to figure out a pattern is to identify the pattern of arrangement in the last step, and then work backwards to find how the processing is to be done.
• In shifting type input output reasoning the shifting can be various types and can involve various steps, so to conclude, all such steps would not be possible, some examples are given below to have a more clear idea about the type of questions asked in exams.
• Candidates should look for the patterns given below in sequence to solve the questions related to Input Output reasoning.
• By arranging the given words in forward or reverse alphabetical order
• By arranging the given numbers in ascending or descending order
• By writing a particular set of words in the reverse order, stepwise
• By changing places of word/numbers according to a set pattern

Solved Examples

Question for Tips & Tricks: Machine Input and Output
Try yourself:Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two digit numbers)

Input : talk 47 12 rise at 99 75 32 wise joke high 28 56 be
Step I :12 talk 47 rise 99 75 32 wise joke high 28 56 be at
Step II : 28 12 talk 47 rise 99 75 32 wise joke high 56 at be
Step III :32 28 12 talk 47 rise 99 75 wise joke 56 at be high
Step IV :47 32 28 12 talk rise 99 75 wise 56 at be high joke
Step V : 56 47 32 28 12 talk 99 75 wise at be high joke rise
Step VI : 75 56 47 32 28 12 99 wise at be high joke rise talk
Step VII: 99 75 56 47 32 28 12 at be high joke rise talk wise
Step VIII: is the last step of the above rearrangement as the desired arrangement is obtained.

Input: 83 why sit 14 32 no be ink feet 50 27 vain 67 92

Which word/number would be at fifth position from the right in Step V?

Question for Tips & Tricks: Machine Input and Output
Try yourself:

Input for the questions: “are 26 32 they for 90 made 72 each 64 other 53” Which of the following would be step III?

Question for Tips & Tricks: Machine Input and Output
Try yourself:

Input for the questions: “are 26 32 they for 90 made 72 each 64 other 53” Which step number should be the following output? “90 32 72 53 64 26 they are each for made other”

Question for Tips & Tricks: Machine Input and Output
Try yourself:

Input for the questions: “are 26 32 they for 90 made 72 each 64 other 53” Which word/number would be at the 7th position from left end in step III?

The document Tips & Tricks: Machine Input and Output | Tips & Tricks for Government Exams - Banking Exams is a part of the Banking Exams Course Tips & Tricks for Government Exams.
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## Tips & Tricks for Government Exams

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