Verb CLAT Notes | EduRev

English for CLAT

CLAT : Verb CLAT Notes | EduRev

The document Verb CLAT Notes | EduRev is a part of the CLAT Course English for CLAT.
All you need of CLAT at this link: CLAT

Action words are called verbs. (Latin word verbum = work).

Verb CLAT Notes | EduRev


A tense is a form of verb which shows the time at which an action happens. (Latin word tempus = time).



Simple Present Tense is used:

  • To express habitual action.
    He smokes.
    I always take my tea without sugar.      

It is used with the adverbs usually, generally, occasionally, rarely, always, often, sometimes on Sundays, once a week/month/year, etc.

  • To express general or universal truths.
    The sun rises in the east.
    Water boils at 100°C.
  • To express a fact or something which is true at present.
    All trains stop at this station.
    She teaches English in a school.
  • To express future actions planned in advance, especially concerning a journey or programme.
    The train leaves at six in the morning. 
    Schools close in May for summer vacation and reopen in June.
  • To introduce quotations with the verb ‘say’.
    The notice says, “No parking.”
    Keats says, “A thing of beauty is a joy forever.”
  • In running commentaries on sporting events.
    Ajit passes the ball to Mohinder who kicks it past the goalkeeper.
  • In exclamatory sentences beginning with ‘here’ and ‘there’.
    There goes the bell!   
    Here comes the train!
  • In ‘Time Clauses’ and ‘Conditional Clauses’ in place of future tense.
    We shall start when the sun rises.   
    If you work hard, you will succeed.

S+V1 (s, es)+O


I play.I do not play.
We play.We do not play.
You play.You do not play.
He/She/It plays.He/She/It does not play
They play.They do not play.
Ravi plays.Ravi does not play
Boys play.Boys do not play.


Do / Does + S + V+ O(?)

Do/Does + S + not +V1+O (?)

Do I play?Do I not play?
Do we play?Do we not play?
Do you play?Do you not play?
Does he/she/it play?Does he/she/ it not play?
Do they play?Do they not play?
Does Ravi play?Does Ravi not play?
Do boys play?Do boys not play?


Simple Past Tense is used:

  • To express a past event or past action. The action is completely unrelated to the present. It is therefore, used:

(i) When the time is given:
I met him yesterday.
 She died in 1987.

(ii) When the time is not given, but it is implied and definite:
I bought this pen in Bombay.

(iii) When the time is asked for:
When did you meet him?

  • To express a past habit or regular action in the past.

Every day he read a chapter of the Gita.
 He never smoked.


I played.I did not play.
We playedWe did not play.
You played.You did not play.
He/she/it played.He/she/ it did not play.
They played.They did not play.
Ravi played.Ravi did not play.
Boys played.Boys did not play.
 Did + S+V1+O (?)
 Did + S + not + V1 + O (?)
Did I play?Did I not play? 
Did we play?Did we not play?
Did you play?Did you not play?
Did he/she/it play?Did he/she/it not play?
Did they play?Did they not play?
Did Ravi play?Did Ravi not play?
Did boys play?Did boys not play?



Simple Future Tense is used:

  • To express an action that has still to take place: 

       He will play cricket tomorrow.

I shall play.I shall not play.
We shall play.We shall not play.
You will play.You will not play.
He/she/it will play.He/she/ it will not play.
They will play.They will not play.
Ravi will play.Ravi will not play.
Boys will play.Boys will not play.
 Will/Shall + S+V1+O (?)
 Will/Shall + S + not + V1 + O (?)
Will I play?Will I not play? 
Will we play?Will we not play?
Will you play?Will you not play?
Will he/she/it play?Will he/she/it not play?
Will they play?Will they not play?
Will Ravi play?Will Ravi not play?
Will boys play?Will boys not play?




The Present Continuous is used:

  • To express an action happening now at the time of speaking.
    I am writing a letter. 
    She is reading a book.
  • To express an action in progress about this time but not necessarily at the time of speaking.
    He is teaching English at the High School.
    They are building a new house.
  • To express a definite arrangement in the near future.
    I am going to London next week.
    I am meeting her tonight.

The following verbs are not normally used in the present continuous tense:

  • Verbs of senses: see, hear, smell, notice, recognize.
  • Verbs of emotions: want, desire, love, hate, forgive, like, dislike, etc.
  • Verbs of thinking: think, feel, know, mean, realize, understand, suppose, believe, remember, forget, expect, etc.
  • Verbs expressing possession: have, own, belong, possess.
  • Verbs like seem, appear, contain, consist, keep, etc.

These verbs are used in the simple present tense. They may, however, be used in the continuous tense with a changed meaning.

The headmaster is seeing the student in the afternoon. (meeting)

The judge is hearing the case tomorrow. 


 S+is/am/are+not+V1+ ing+O
I am playing.I am not playing.
We are playing.We are not playing.
He/she/it is playing.He/she/it is not playing.
They are playing.They are not playing.
Ravi is playing.Ravi is not playing.
Boys are playing.Boys are not playing.


 Is/am/are+S+V1+ing+  O(?)
 Is/am/are+Sub+not+ V1+ing+O(?)
Am I playing?Am I not playing?
Are we playing?Are we not playing?
Are you playing?Are you not playing?
Is he/she/ it playing?Is he/she/it not playing?
Are they playing?Are they not playing?
Is Ravi playing?Is Ravi not playing?



The Past Continuous Tense is used:  

  • To express an action that was in progress at some time in the past.
    I was taking my bath at 8 o’ clock.
    I was playing in the garden when he came.
  • To express two or more actions in progress at the same time. 
    While I was doing my homework, my brother was playing outside.
    The students were talking when the teacher was writing on the black board.
  • To express an often repeated (undesirable) past action.
    She was always taunting him.
    He was always coming at odd hours.


 S+was/were+V1+ ing+O
 S+was/were+not+V1+ ing+O
I was playing.I was not playing.
We were playing.We were not playing.
He/she /it was playing.He/she/it was not playing.
They were playing.They were not playing.
Ravi was playing.Ravi was not playing.
Boys were playing.Boys were not playing.


 Was/were+S+ V1+ ing+O (?)
 Was/were+S+ not+V1+ ing+O (?)
Was I playing? Was I not playing?
Were we playing?Were we not playing?
Was he/she/it playing?Was he/she/it not playing?
Were they playing?Were they not playing?
Was Ravi playing?Was Ravi not playing?
Were boys playing?Were boys not playing?



The Future Continuous is used:

  • To express an action as going on at some time in future: 
    When I reach there, he will be reading a book.
  • To express future events that are planned: 
    He will be coming here for Diwali Puja.  


 S+will/shall+be+V1+ ing+O
 S+will/shall+not+be+V1+ ing+O
I shall be playing.I shall not be playing.
We shall be playing.We shall not be playing.
He/she /it will be playing.He/she/it will not be playing.
They will be playing.They will not be playing.
Ravi will be playing.Ravi will not be playing.
Boys will be playing.Boys will not be playing.


 Will/Shall+S+be+V1+ ing+O
 Will/Shall+S+not+be+V1+ ing+O
Shall I be playing? Shall I not playing?
Shall we be playing?Shall we not be playing?
Will he/she/it be playing?Will he/she/it not be playing?
Will they be playing?Will they not be playing?
Will Ravi be playing?Will Ravi not be playing?
Will boys be playing?Will boys not be playing?
Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

practice quizzes


Verb CLAT Notes | EduRev




Viva Questions




mock tests for examination


Verb CLAT Notes | EduRev




video lectures


Semester Notes




Sample Paper


shortcuts and tricks


Verb CLAT Notes | EduRev




Objective type Questions


past year papers


study material


Important questions




Extra Questions


Previous Year Questions with Solutions