Summary: Visualising Shapes

# Visualising Shapes Summary Class 7 NCERT Summary Chapter 1

## Objects having different shapes (dimensions)

One Dimensional Objects

• Objects having length only. For example, line.

Two Dimensional Objects

• Figures having both length and breadth. For example, Rectangle, triangle etc. These figures can be easily represented on a plane. So, they are called plane figures. Plane figures are of two dimensions (2-D) so, they are also called 2-dimensional figure.

Three Dimensional Objects

• Objects and shapes having length, breadth and height. Solid figures are of three dimensions (3-D).

### Faces, Vertices and Edges of solid shapes

• The flat surfaces of a solid figure are called its faces. The top and bottom faces are called bases.
• The line segments where the adjacent faces of a solid meet are called edges.
• The point where the edges of a solid intersect is called vertex.

Nets for building 3D shapes

• A net is a skeleton-outline of a solid that can be folded to make the solid.

### Drawing Solids on a Flat Surface

• Solid shapes can be drawn on a flat surface. This is called a 2-D representation of 3-D solid shape.

Two types of sketches of a solid are possible:

1. An oblique sketch does not have proportional lengths. Still it conveys all important aspects of the appearance of the solid.
2. An isometric sketch is drawn on an isometric dot paper, a sample of which is given at the end of this book. In an isometric sketch of the solid the measurements kept proportional.

Different sections of a solid can be viewed in many ways:

1. One way is to view by cutting or slicing the shape, which would result in the cross-section of the solid.
2. Another way is by observing a 2-D shadow of a 3-D shape.
3. A third way is to look at the shape from different angles; the front-view, the side-view and the top-view can provide a lot of information about the shape observed.
The document Visualising Shapes Summary Class 7 NCERT Summary Chapter 1 is a part of the Class 7 Course NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 7.
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## NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 7

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