1. Consider the following sentences:
Lata sings a song.
A song is sung by Lata.
There is practically no difference in the meanings of these two sentences. These are two different ways of presenting the same thing. But in the first sentence the Subject performs the action while in the second sentence, the Subject of the Verb is acted upon.
Thus, the voice shows whether the Subject of a Verb acts or is acted upon.
Active Voice : When the Subject of a Verb acts, the Verb is said to be in the Active Voice ; as -
I made a mistake.
Passive Voice : When the object of the Active Voice becomes the Subject, the Verb is said to be in the Passive Voice ; as -
A mistake was made by me.
The Subject dominates in Active Voice but the Object dominates in Passive Voice.
|Note. It is only the form of the verb in a sentence which shows whether the subject is the doer or the receiver of the action. A sentence in passive voice may or may not have the ‘by’ phrase attached. Thus in the above sentences, ‘A mistake was made’ is a complete sentence.|
2. Rules for changing a Verb from the Active Voice into the Passive Voice:
| 1. The object of the Active Verb is made the Subject of the Passive Verb.|
2. The Subject of the Active Verb is made the object of some Preposition (generally ‘by’).
3. The Verb of the Active Voice gets the Past Participle form of the Finite Verb and some form of the verb ‘to be’ (be, is, am, are, has been, have been, was, were, had been, will be, is being, will have been, etc.) will be used before it in the passive voice.
4. Some vague and indefinite subjects like ‘everyone’, ‘they’, ‘people’, ‘someone’, ‘somebody’, ‘everybody’, ‘anybody’, etc. are dropped if they are the subjects of the active voice. If so, the preposition ‘by’ is also not used.
5. The Tense of the Verb does not change.
Example: He has done his work. (Active)
His work has been done by him. (Passive)
3. The Pronouns (when these act as subject) are changed as given below:
4. The following table gives the form of the verb ‘see’ in Passive Voice in the various Tenses:
Tense Chart (Passive Voice’)
|Present|| is/am/are + verb in third form|
is/am/are + being + verb in third form
is being seen
am being seen
are being seen
has/have + been + verb in third form
has been seen
have been seen
|Past|| was/were + verb in third form|
| was/were + being + verb in third form|
was being seen
were being seen
had + been + verb in third form
had been seen
|Future|| will/shall + be + verb in third form|
will be seen
shall be seen
|- No change|| will/shall + have been + verb in third form|
will have been seen
shall have been seen
| Note. The following four types of sentences cannot be changed into passive voice:|
1. Present Perfect Continuous.
2. Past Perfect Continuous.
3. Future Continuous.
4. Future Perfect Continuous.
Exercise - 1
Q.1. Rewrite the following sentences putting the Verbs given against them in the appropriate Passive Voice form :
A. She _______ up by her aunt. (bring)
Ans. Was brought
B. Invitation cards _______ to all her friends. (send)
Ans. Have been sent
C. You will _______ to the feast. (incite)
Ans. Be invited
D. The result _______ on Monday. (declare)
Ans. Was declared/will be declared
E. They _______ at the report of the gun. (alarm)
Ans. Were alarmed
F. We _______ at his failure. (shock)
Ans. Were shocked
Q.2. Change the voice of the following sentences :
A. She sings a sweet song.
Ans. A sweet song is sung by her.
B. Do you not play hockey ?
Ans. Is hockey not played by you ?
C. Does he sell lottery tickets ?
Ans. Are lottery tickets sold by him ?
D.1 am bending the branch.
Ans. The branch is being bent by me.
E. Is she boiling potatoes ?
Ans. Are the potatoes being boiled by her ?
F. Are the servants bringing tea ?
Ans. Is tea being brought by the servants ?
Exercise - 2
Rearrange the following into meaningful sentences :
A. This novel / Premchand / was / by / written
Ans. This novel was written by Premchand.
B. The brave / admired / everywhere / are
Ans. The brave are admired everywhere.
C. A doll / the baby / given / was
Ans. The baby was given a doll.
D. Them / I / known / am / to
Ans. I am known to them.
E. By / the door / whom / opened / was ?
Ans. By whom was the door opened ?
F. Him / a reward / to / given / was
Ans. A reward was given to him.
G. One / one’s / keep / should / promise
Ans. One should keep one’s promise.
H. Kept / be / should / promise
Ans. Promise should be kept.
Exercise - 3
Fill in the blanks in the following choosing one word each for every blank.
|was, endured, be, opened, was opened, offered, considered, has, being|
A. I _______ the door.
B. The gate _______ by the gatekeeper.
Ans. was opened
C. My pocket _______ been picked.
D. The work is _______ done.
E. I _______ taught to read English.
F. He is _______ a wise man.
G. What cannot _______ cured must be
Ans. be, endured
H. He was _______ a chair.
Exercise - 4
The following passage has not been edited. There is a word missing in each line. Find the missing word and write it along with one word that comes before it and the one that comes after it.
Ensure that the word that forms your answer is underlined.
He asked to go down to the end of (a) _______the garden. He was also to wash himself in water of the river there. The same (b) _______water was and sprinkled over everything (c) _______which had changed into gold by Midas’ (d) _______touch. The king felt a weight had lifted (e) _______front his heart. He freed of the golden touch. (f) _______
(a) He was asked
(b) also told to
(c) was brought and
(d) had been changed
(e) had been lifted
(f) He was freed
Exercise - 5
The following passage has not been edited. There is a word missing in each line. Find the missing word and write it along with one word that comes before it and the one that comes after it. Ensure that the word that forms your answer is underlined.
I elected to the Committee of the society. (a) _______i was in advance that I was supposed to attend (b) _______every meeting. But I was not much to speaking. My friends called me a drone.(c) _______the banter appreciated. A drone is (d) _______generally to be a thorough idler. Not that (e) _______i was not to speak but the words failed me. (f) _______
(a) I was elected
(b) was told in
(c) much used to
(d) banter wa$ appreciated
(e) generally thought to
(f) not willing to
Multiple Choice Questions
Read the statements given below and choose the correct option
Ques 1: Identify as directed :
A. The Active Voice :
(i) The farmer grows coffee
(ii) Coffee is grown by the farmer
(iii) The coffee is grown
(iv) Coffee is not grown
Ans. (i) The farmer grows coffee
B. The Passive Voice :
(i) I sing a song
(ii) She wife heip me
(iii) Lata is cooking the food
(iv) I will be helped
Ans. (iv) I will be helped
C. In the News headlines, we generally use :
(i) Active voice
(ii) Passive voice
(iii) Present tense
(iv) Past tense
Ans. (ii) Passive voice
Q.2. Form the headlines for the sentences given below :
A. We require skilled workers.
(i) Skilled workers are required
(ii) Skilled workers required
(iii) Requirement of skilled workers
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans. (ii) Skilled workers required
B. Rewrite the sentence in another way :
Whom were you discussing ?
(i) Who was being discussed by you ?
(ii) Who was being discussed by somebody ?
(iii) By whom were you discussed ?
(iv) Both (i) and (iii)
Ans. (i) Who was being discussed by you ?
Q.3. Choose the correct option :
(i) My pocket has been picked by somebody
(ii) My pocket has been picked
(iii) My pocket has been picked by someone
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans. (ii) My pocket has been picked
(i) The object of the verb in the active voice becomes the subject of the verb in the passive voice.
(ii) The subject of the verb in the active voice becomes the direct object of the verb
(iii) The subject becomes the object
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans. (i) The object of the verb in the active voice becomes the subject of the verb in the passive voice.
(i) He was laughed at by me
(ii) He was laughed by me
(iii) He laughed by me
(iv) Both (i) and (iii)
Ans. (i) He was laughed at by me
D. The relevant tense to form passive
(i) Present Perfect Continuous
(ii) Past Perfect Continous
(iii) Future Perfect Continuous
(iv) Past Continous
Ans. (iv) Past Continous
E. Passive form of ‘Please huny up’
(i) I order you to hurry
(ii) You are requested to hurry up
(iii) I advise you to hurry
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans. (ii) You are requested to hurry up
Q. 4. Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into the passive voice.
You can learn more about active and passive voice here.
(A) Rama loves Sita.
Ans. Sita is loved by Rama.
(B) My sister writes beautiful poems.
Ans. Beautiful poems are written by my sister.
(C) The carpenter is making a table.
Ans. A table is being made by the carpenter.
(D) The children are flying kites.
Ans. Kites are being flown by the children.
(E) I have sent the parcel.
Ans. The parcel has been sent by me.
(F) A girl from Tamil Nadu has won the first prize.
Ans. The first prize has been won by a girl from Tamil Nadu.
(G) The watchman opened the gate.
Ans. The gate was opened by the watchman.
(H) The cat drank the milk.
Ans. The milk was drunk by the cat.
(I) The volunteers were helping the wounded people.
Ans. The wounded people were being helped by the volunteers.
(J) The children were singing a song.
Ans. A song was being sung by the children.
(K) They had challenged the verdict.
Ans. The verdict had been challenged by them.
(L) She had won the first prize.
Ans. The first prize had been won by her.
Q.5. Rewrite the following changing the active sentences to passive and passive sentences to active.
(A) The thieves have been arrested by the police.
Ans. The police have arrested the thieves.
(B) The marvelous performance delivered by the children enthralled us.
Ans. We were enthralled by the marvelous performance delivered by the children.
(C) He has been invited to their party.
Ans. They have invited him to their party.
(D) We have shipped your order.
Ans. Your order has been shipped by us.
(E) The girl recited the poem beautifully.
Ans. The poem was beautifully recited by the girl.
(F) The guests enjoyed the party.
Ans. The party was enjoyed by the guests.
(G) The child impressed everyone with his polite manners.
Ans. Everyone was impressed with the polite manners of the child.
(H) A girl from Chennai won the first prize.
Ans. The first prize was won by a girl from Chennai.
(I) The readers like the latest book of the writer.
Ans. The latest book of the writer is liked by the readers.
(J) They are painting the walls.
Ans. The walls are being painted by them.
(K) The car has been fixed by the mechanic.
Ans. The car mechanic has fixed the car.
(L) She accepted their invitation with pleasure.
Ans. Their invitation was accepted (by her) with pleasure.