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Q.1. State True (T) or false (F).
(i) Priests performed the rituals including the sprinkling of sacred water. ______
(ii) Usually, the tax was fixed at 1/6th of what was produced. This was known as bhaga or a share. ______
(iii) The word kammakaras used for slave men and women. ______
(iv) Raja composed later Vedic books. ______
(v) Shudras had to serve the other three groups and could not perform any rituals. ______
(vi) In Magadha elephants were captured and used in army. ______
Q.2. Name some rivers that flowed through Magadha.
Q.3. What is Digha Nikaya?
Q.4. What was the source of income of Raja of Mahajanapadas?
Q.5. What was the capital of Vajji?
Q.6. What does Varna mean?
Q.7. Fill in the blanks.
(i) ‘Rajas’ who let the ______ horse pass through their lands were invited to the sacrifice.
(ii) Archaeologists have found huts in the settlements of the ______.
(iii) Pots to store grain were made out of Painted ______.
(iv) Herders were also expected to pay taxes in the form of ______ and ______.
(v) ______ were paid regular salaries and maintained by the king throughout the year.
(vi) Both the Buddha and Mahavira belonged to ______ or ______.
(vii) Ajatasattu wanted to attack the ______.
Q.8. Name the four groups into which later vedic society was divided.
Q.9. What does the word ‘Janapada’ mean?
Q.10. What is ‘Sangha’?
Q.11. Who conquered the last of the ganas or sanghas?
Q.12. Why the rivers that flowed through Magadha were considered important.
Q.13. What was the most important source of revenue to the state?
Q.14. Who were the groups who could not participate in the assemblies of the ganas?
Q.15. What does ashvamedha means?
Q.16. Name the Later Vedic books.
Q.17. Name the animal that played a pivotal role during Ashvamedha.
Q.18. What is the modern name of Rajagriha?
Q.19. Who was the minister of Ajatasattu?