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Q.1. Fill in the blanks.
(i) ____________, near Varanasi, where Buddha taught for the first time.
(ii) The Buddha attained enlightenment at_________________.
(iii) Upanishadic thinkers believed that the __________and ___________were ultimately one.
(iv) The Vinaya Pitaka is a _____________scripture.
(v) Vardhamana Mahavira was a Kshatriya prince of the______________.
(vi) The Buddha belonged to a small gana known as the________________.
(vii) The Prakrit spoken in Magadha was known as________________.
Q.2. Who prepared grammar for Sanskrit?
Q.3. Where does the word Jaina come from?
Q.4. Why Buddha left the comforts of his home?
Q.5. Where Buddha died?
Q.6. Who was Zoroaster?
Q.7. What was Lord Buddha’s birth name?
Q.8. Name the famous thinker who developed the ideas of the Upanishads.
Q.9. The teaching of Buddhism and Jainism were propagated in which language?
Q.10. Explain „Sangha‟.
Q.11. Who were Jainas?
Q.12. Where is Karle cave?
Q.13. Who was the founder of Buddhism?
Q.14. Who accepted Satyakama as a student?
Q.15. Where did Siddhartha attain enlightenment?
Q.16. How did Mahavira attain enlightenment?
Q.17. Who could join the Sangha?
Q.18. What are the four ashramas?
Q.19. What is Avesta?
Q.20. State True (T) or false (F).
(i) Gargi was the woman Upanishadic thinker who was famous for her learning. ________
(ii) Buddha taught people to be kind, and to respect the lives of others, including animals. _________
(iii) Buddha believed that karma do not affect our life. __________
(iv) The individual soul is referred to as Brahman. __________
(v) The Buddha described cravings and desires as thirst or tanha. __________
(vi) Satyakama Jabala, who was named after his mother, the Brahmin woman Jabali. _________