Q1: How many people in India live below the poverty line?
(a) 30 crores
(b) 26 crores
(c) 28 crores
(d) 24 crores
Q2:Poverty line in rural areas is (As per 1999 – 2000 prices)
(a) Rs 328
(b) Rs. 370
(c) Rs 454
(d) Rs. 460
Q3:In which state have the land reform measures helped to reduce poverty?
(a) Tamil Nadu
(c) West Bengal
Q4:Which of the following is responsible for high poverty rates?
(a) Huge income inequalities
(b) Unequal distribution of land
(c) Lack of effective implementation of land reforms
(d) All the above
Q5:Poverty ratio in India as compared to Pakistan is
(c) two times
(d) two and a half times
Q6:Which state has the largest percentage of poors in India?
Q7:Who do not come under the category of urban poor?
(a) The casual workers
(b) The unemployed
(c) The shopkeepe
Q8:Which one of the social groups is vulnerable to poverty?
(a) Scheduled caste
(b) Urban casual labour
(c) Rural agricultural households
(d) All the above
Q9: The calorie requirement is higher in the rural areas because:
(a) they do not enjoy as much as people in the urban areas.
(b) food items are expensive.
(c) they are engaged in mental work.
(d) people are engaged in physical labour.
Q10: Which one from the following states is above the national average of poverty ratio?
(a) West Bengal
(b) Tamil Nadu
(c) Andhra Pradesh
Q1: When is a person considered poor?
Ans: A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfill basic needs.
Q2: Poverty which was officially non-existent earlier has resurfaced in which country?
Ans: Poverty has resurfaced in Russia, where officially it was non-existent earlier.
Q3: Give one factor responsible for reduction of poverty in West Bengal.
Ans: In West Bengal, land reform measures have helped in reducing poverty.
Q4: Mention any one historical reason for poverty in India.
Ans: One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration.
Q5: What is India's most compelling challenge?
Ans: Poverty reduction is the India’s most compelling challenge.
Q6: Which two states of India continue to be the poorest?
Ans: Orissa and Bihar continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 47 and 43 per cent respectively.
Q7: What are the factors of human poverty?
Ans: Factors of human poverty are food and shelter, health care, education and job security, and gender equality and dignity for the poor.
Q8: What are the factors responsible for the reduction of poverty in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu?
Ans: In Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu public distribution of food grains could have been responsible for the improvement.
Q9: How does a country measure its poverty?
Ans: Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms.
Q10: Which states of India have seen a significant decline in poverty?
Ans: There has been a significant decline in poverty in Kerala, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and West Bengal.
Q11: State the two consequences of poverty.
Ans: Two consequences of poverty are:
(i) Growth of slum areas
(ii) High level of indebtedness
Q12: What are the factors responsible for the reduction of poverty in Punjab and Haryana?
Ans: States like Punjab and Haryana have traditionally succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates.
Q13: How is regular growth of population a major cause of poverty?
Ans: Due to high population growth, the pressure on resources will increase. People will have to manage with a smaller share of resources. This situation will cause more poverty.
Q14: Why is the calorie requirement higher in rural areas than in urban areas?
Ans: Since people living in rural areas engage themselves in more physical work, calorie requirements in rural areas are considered to be higher than urban areas.
Q15: Who advocated that India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its people become free of human suffering?
Ans: Mahatama Gandhi always insisted that India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its people become free of human suffering.
|1. What is poverty?|
|2. What are the causes of poverty?|
|3. How does poverty affect society?|
|4. How can poverty be alleviated?|
|5. What are the consequences of not addressing poverty?|