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Q.1. State True (T) or False (F).
(i) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China. True
(ii) Young women are respected for their wisdom and experience. False
(iii) Mehrgarh site is in Pakistan. True
(iv) Bolan Pass is one of the most important routes into India. False
(v) Gufkral site is in Kashmir. True
Q.2. Which two Neolithic tools are used to grind grain even today?
Mortars and pestles are used for grinding grain.
Q.3. Where people stored the grains?
They began making large clay pots, or wove baskets, or dug pits into the ground to store grains.
Q.4. Name two sites found in Andhra Pradesh.
Hallur and Paiyampalli
Q.5. Which were the earliest animals to be domesticated?
The earliest domesticated animals include sheep and goat.
Q.6. Explain the term ‘Domestication’.
It is the name given to the process in which people grow plants and look after animals.
Q.7. What is ‘jadeite,’?
Jadeite is a stone that may have been brought from China.
Q.8. Which historical events took place about 8,000 years ago?
Beginning of settlement at Mehrgarh took place about 8000 years ago.
Q.9. Fill in the blanks.
(i) Millets have been found at Hallur.
(ii) People in Burzahom lived in pit houses.
(iii) Chirand is a site in Bihar.
(iv) Milk and meat comes from animals that are reared.
(v) Mehrgarh is one of the earliest villages.
Q.10. What ‘Fossil Wood’ refers to?
Fossil wood refers to ancient wood that has hardened into stone.
Q.11. Why were people buried with animals, like goats?
The dead person was buried with goats, which were probably meant to serve as food in the next world.
Q.12. Name the place where Millet was grown in Neolithic Age.
Paiyampalli and Hallur
Q.13. Which was the first animal to be tamed?
The first animal to be tamed was the wild ancestor of the dog.
Q.14. Write one of the distinctive features of a village.
One of the distinctive features of a village is that most people who live there are engaged in food production.
Q.15. Name two sites found in Kashmir.
Gufkral and Burzahom
Q.16. Which were the earliest plants to be domesticated?
Some of the earliest plants to be domesticated were wheat and barley.
Q.17. Where is Daojali Hading?
This is a site on the hills near the Brahmaputra Valley, close to routes leading into China and Myanmar.
Q.18. Why grains had to be stored?
Grain had to be stored for both food and seed.
Q.19. What do you understands by the term ‘Tribes’.
Many of these farmers and herders live in groups called tribes.
Q.20. Which historical events took place about 12,000 years ago?
Beginnings of domestication took place about 12,000 years ago.
Q.21. In what ways grain was used by the early people?
Grain was used by early people as seed, as food, as gifts and stored as food.