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Q.1. State True (T) or false (F).
(i) A scale is necessary for a map. True
(ii) Direction is not a component of maps. False
(iii) A physical map shows natural features of the earth. True
Q.2. What are the four cardinal directions?
There are four major directions, North, South, East and West. They are called cardinal points.
Q.3. What do you mean by Thematic Maps?
Some maps focus on specific information; such as road maps, rainfall maps, maps showing distribution of forests, industries etc. are known as thematic maps.
Q.4. Which map shows distribution of forests?
Thematic map shows distribution of forests.
Q.5. What are physical maps?
Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans etc. are called physical or relief maps.
Q.6. How are maps more helpful than a globe?
A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole but when we want to study only a part of the earth, as about our country, states, districts, towns and villages, it is of little help. In such a situation we use maps.
Q.7. Fill in the blanks.
(i) The blue colour is used for showing water bodies.
(ii) A compass is used to find the main directions.
(iii) Brown colour is used for showing mountains.
(iv) A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole.
Q.8. What are intermediate directions?
The four intermediate directions are north-east (NE), southeast (SE), south-west (SW) and north-west (NW).
Q.9. What is called the north line?
Most maps contain an arrow marked with the letter ‘N’ at the upper right hand corner. This arrow shows the north direction. It is called the north line.
Q.10. Which map provides detailed information?
Thematic maps provide detailed information.
Q.11. What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?
Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
Q.12. What are called conventional symbols?
Symbols give a lot of information in a limited space. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols. These are called conventional symbols.
Q.13. What is an Atlas?
When many maps are put together we get an Atlas.
Q.14. What is Compass?
It is an instrument used to find out main directions. Its magnetic needle always points towards north-south direction.
Q.15. Write the color used for the following: water bodies, mountain, plateau and for plains.
Blue is used for showing water bodies, brown for mountain, yellow for plateau and green is used for plains.
Q.16. What are the three components of a map?
There are three Components of Maps – distance, direction and symbol.
Q.17. Define Political Maps.
Maps showing cities, towns and villages, and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.
Q.18. When should we use a globe?
A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole.