Q.1. What was India’s population on March 2001?(Census 2001)
Q.2. How would you summarize the problems faced by the poor population of India?
In spite of much considerable achievements, the health situation is a matter of major concern for India. The consumption of calories per capita is much below the recommended levels. A large percentage of our population is afflicted by malnutrition.
The availability of safe drinking water and basic sanitation amenities are to be availed to only one third of the rural population.
Q.3. Describe of distribution of Population in India?
- India’s population as on March 2001 stood at 1,028 million which accounts for 16.7% of world’s population.
- These 1.02 billion people are unevenly distributed over our country’s vast areas of 3.28 million sq km.
- The 2001 census data reveals that Uttar Pradesh with the population size of 166 million people is the most populous state of India.
- On the other hand the Himalayan state Sikkim has a population of just about 0.5 million and Lakshadweep has only 60 thousand people.
- Almost half of India’s population lives in just five states. These are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.
- Rajasthan the biggest state in terms of Area has only 5.5 percent of the total population of India.
Q.4. What is the density of population in India?(Census 2001)
324 persons per sq km.
Q.5. Why the Northern Indian Plain is thickly populated? Mention the two states of Northern Plains with high population density.
Suitability of soils for agriculture: The northern plain and the delta regions have fertile soils are the most suitable for agriculture. The northern plain and the delta regions have fertile soils. As such, these areas are very thickly populated.
Climatic conditions: Areas of Northern Plains receives heavy rainfall. It is over about 400 cm of rainfall annually.
Economic activity: Agriculture and animal rearing can be done throughout the year.
Plains terrain allows better means of transportation through road and railways and water ways. West Bengal, Bihar Uttar Pradesh are the most populous states of this region.
Q.6. Should India feel proud of its size and total population? Give reason.
- Yes, India should feel proud of its size and total population.
- The composition of young generation is strength of India. Tomorrow it will became a assets for a country.
- They have more efficiency of work and willpower.
- By providing them technical skill or proper training they can be converted into qualitative population of our country.
- The children of our country should also be given proper education so that they will also be become an asset of the country.
- The senior citizens have experience, young generation can learn a lot from them.
- From a large size of population, we can find out the good human resources.
Q.7. Which is least densely populated state of India?
Q.8. Why is the population vital element of study?
The people are important to develop the economy and society. The people make and use resources and are themselves resources with varying quality.
Hence population is the pivotal element in social studies. It the point of reference from which all other elements are absorbed and from which they derived significance and meaning.
Resources, calamities and disasters are all meaningful only in relation to human beings.
Q.9. Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981? Give reasons.
- Awareness spread by media and newspaper was also responsible for the decline in the growth rate of population.
- Spread of education to the girl child was also a reason. Due to it women also become aware about the drawbacks and expenditure of large family.
- Women also start working in the different field of life and now they realized that giving birth to more children is also harmful for health.
- Now, People are literate and they are aware about the family planning programmes.
- Literacy rate was also very high.
- Early marriage of girls and boys was banned now and age of marriage was fixed by the government.
Q.10. What is the density of population of West Bengal?
904 Persons per sq Km.
Q.11. What is human resource? What is its importance?
The people are important to develop the economy and society. The make resources.
Coal is but a piece of rock, until people were able to invent technology to obtain it and makes it a resource. So the people are human resources who convert the natural resources with the help of technology more valuable resources.
It is the human resource who convert the natural resources with the help of technology more valuable resources. That’s they are important for an economy. If Japan is developed country that is due to its developed human resource.
Q.12. What are the features of population Change?
- Population change is the difference of birth rate and death rate and addition of migration in a particular area.
- Population change in any change that may result due to migration, death rate, birth rate and change in an age composition and sex ratio.
- Even when there is no population growth, there may be a population change.
- Internal migration brings about a change in population of a country.
- In given population, if there is a change in the sex ratio, it will be considered a population change.
Q.13. What is percentage of children in Indian population?
Q.14. Uttar Pradesh is most populated state of India. Give reasons.
- The most fertile soil alluvial soil is fund here. Agriculture is very good so people want to live here.
- The climatic conditions are very helpful to live here.
- The rivers flowing here are good source of irrigation, navigation and electricity.
- Due to plains transport network is easy to develop.
- Agriculture provides raw material to the industries.
Q.15. Write a short note on National Population Policy.
Recognizing that the planning of families would improve individual health and welfare, the Government of India initiated the comprehensive Family Planning Program in 1952.
The Family Welfare Program has sought to promote responsible and planned parenthood on a voluntary basis.
The national population policy 2000 is a culmination of years of planned efforts.
The NPP 2000 provides a policy framework for imparting free and compulsory school education up to 14 years of age, reducing infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births.
Achieving universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases, promoting delayed marriage for girls, and making family welfare a people centered program.
Q.16. What is the ratio of females per thousand males in Kerala?
1058 females per thousand males.
Q.17. What are the factors responsible for the uneven population distribution of India?
- Moderate temperate zones are highly populated areas.
- Industrial developed regions are also densely populated as compared to other areas because more employment opportunities attract the people to migrate the industrial regions.
- Physiographic is an important factor for the uneven distribution of population.
- Mountains, plateau and desert are sparsely populated where as Plaines are highly populated.
Q.18. Write short note on the Adolescent Population of India. What are the problems faced by adolescent population.
The significant feature of the Indian population is the size of its adolescent population. It constitutes 1/5 of the total population of India. Adolescents are grouped in the age group of 10-19 years. They are the most important resource for the feature.
Nutritional requirements of adolescents are higher than those of normal child over adult.
Poor nutrition can lead to deficiency and stunted growth. But in India the diet available to adolescent is inadequate in all nutrients.
A large number of adolescent girls suffer from anemia. Their problems have so far not received adequate attention in the processes of development.
The adolescent girls have to be sensitized to the problems they confronted. Their awareness can be improved through the spread of literacy and education among them.
Q.19. What is the average life of India according to 2001 census?
Q.20. What is birth rate and death rate?
Birth rate is a number of live births for every 1000 persons in a year. The high birthrate is responsible for increase in population.
Death rate is a number of deaths per thousand persons in a year. The death rate can be controlled by providing good medical facilities.