Often students who are very fond of reading books are labelled by their comrades as bookworms. Those disparagements generally come from the mouths of students who consider themselves as being ‘gamesters’. Boys who shine in athletics or in the playing of some game — particularly cricket, consider that the games’ field is a better or nobler arena for their activities and the expenditure of their energies than the classroom or the reading desk. The idea is born out of an inferiority complex inherent in the games minded students who actually envy their fellows who shine academically. Academic honours have a glamour which is unique.
It is not to be denied that the playing of games is a worthy activity; it is worthy in the sense that the team spirit can be engendered in the individual only if he has learnt to participate in the playing of games. It is also true that the player does much for society and for his country on the playing field. It is true that the feeling of cooperation can be cultivated in a person only through group activity. But studies should not be sacrificed in order that students devote their time only to the playing of games. It is my observation that those boys who become obsessed with the playing, particularly of cricket, begin to ignore their studies and then their academic ability suffers, as it must.
Answer the following questions briefly:
(i) Which students are labelled as bookworms?
(ii) What is the main goal of education, according to the author?
(iii) What advice does the writer give for involving oneself in games and sports?
(iv) What is the handicap that arises out of over-involvement in games?
(v) Why do ‘Gamesters’ tend to call academically sound students ‘bookworms’?
(vi) Find words from the passage which mean the same as:
(i) friends, (ii) useful
Papaya is a healthy fruit with a list of properties that is long and exhaustive. You can munch on it as a salad, have it cooked or boiled or just drink it up as milkshake or juices. Papaya has many virtues that can contribute to our good health. The most important of these virtues is the protein-digesting enzyme it has. The enzyme is similar to pepsin in its digestive action and is said to be so powerful that it can digest 200 times its own weight in protein. It assists the body in assimilating the maximum nutritional value from food to provide energy and body building materials. Papain in raw papaya makes Up for the deficiency of gastric juice and fights excess of unhealthy mucus in the stomach and intestinal irritation. The ripe fruit, if eaten regularly corrects habitual constipation, bleeding piles and chronic diarrhoea. The juice of the papaya seeds also assists in the above-mentioned ailments.
Papaya juice, used as a cosmetic, removes freckles or brown spots due to exposure to sunlight arid makes the skin smooth and delicate. A paste of papaya seeds is applied in skin diseases like those caused by ringworm. The black seeds of the papaya are highly beneficial in the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver caused by alcoholism, malnutrition, etc.. A tablespoonful of its juice, combined with a hint of fresh lime juice, should be consumed once or twice daily for a month. The fresh juice of raw papaya mixed with honey can be applied over inflamed tonsils, for diphtheria and other throat disorders. It dissolves the membrane and prevents infection from spreading.
Choose the most appropriate option:
(i) The powerful protein-digesting enzyme in papaya materials to the body by:
(a) improving the blood circulation
(b) assisting the body iii assimilating the maximum nutritional from food
(c) increasing the resistance power of the body
(d) showing down the process of digestion
(ii) Excess of unhealthy mucus in the fought:
(a) if’ ripe papaya is eaten regularly
(b) if the juice of papaya seeds is taken regularly
(c) by papain found in raw papaya which makes up for the deficiency of gastric juice
(d) by correcting habitual constipation
(iii) The cosmetic value of papaya is that:
(a) it treats skin diseases
(b) it makes the skin smooth and delicate
(c) it treats cirrhosis of the liver
(d) it is helpful in treating chronic Diarrhea
(iv) Inflamed tonsils can be cured by:
(a) consuming a tablespoonful of papaya juice with a hint of fresh lime juice daily for a month
(b) by applying a paste of papaya seeds on the tonsils
(c) chewing black seeds of papaya
(d) applying fresh juice of raw mixed with honey on the tonsils
(v) The word in the passage meaning the same as soft is:
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|2. How can I improve my performance in unseen passage exams?|
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