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Class 6 Civics Chapter 2 Question Answers - Diversity and Discrimination

Short Answer Questions

Q1: Why India is called a secular state?

Ans: People of different religions and faiths have the freedom to practice and follow their religion.

Q2: Where does Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar derive his name "Ambedkar"?

Ans: He was the son of Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai Murbadkar. Bhimrao's native village name was "Ambavade" in Ratnagiri District, so he changed his name from "Sakpal" to "Ambedkar" with the recommendation and faith of Mahadev Ambedkar, his teacher who believed in him.

Q3: State the main reason behind Muslim girls not attending school.

Ans: Reasons for Muslim girls not attending schools are:- Early marriages Poverty

Q4: Define constitution.

Ans: A constitution is a set of rules for government — often in the form of a written document — that establishes the principles of an autonomous political entity. It defines the fundamental political principles and establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of a government.

Q5: List all the things that make people prejudiced against others.

Ans: People’s religious beliefs, colour, accent and dress make people prejudiced against others.

Q6: Why is secularism an important principle in a democracy?

Ans: A democracy works best in an environment of tolerance and peace. Democracy flourishes when there is respect for the opinions of others and where there is freedom to practice one’s own beliefs. 

For democracy to prosper, we have to keep an open mind to learn what is worthwhile from others and create a mindset that highlights the commonness of our beliefs rather than differences. A democracy based on such principles of respect and tolerance will be vibrant and encourage citizens to integrate rather than create friction. Hence Secularism is an important principle in a democracy.

Q7: What happens when we act on our prejudices and stereotypes?

Ans: Stereotypes often lead to discrimination. Discrimination is when someone is treated worse than other people because of their: Gender, race, disability, colour, nationality, religion and age. When we judge people and groups based on our prejudices and stereotypes, then we treat them differently, which leads to discrimination.

Q8: Define the term ‘Scheduled Caste’.

Ans: Scheduled Caste is a social categorization that characterizes the lowest step of the caste hierarchy, as well as legal categorization that relates to the constitutionally designed instrument for identifying certain caste groups for the purpose of various constitutional entitlements.

Q9: What do you mean by “Mahars”?

Ans: Mahars were poor people who owned no land. They lived on the outskirts of the village and were not allowed to enter the village. Mahars were the largest untouchable caste in Maharashtra, comprising 9 per cent of that area's population. 

Ambedkar, the first individual from a traditionally untouchable caste to receive a university education, encouraged Mahars to leave Hinduism in protest of their caste status.

Q10: Write short notes on 'Dalits'.

Ans: Dalits are formerly known as untouchable - a person outside of the four Varnas and considered below all and polluting. Dalits include people such as leather workers, scavengers, tanners, flyers, cobblers, agricultural labourers, municipal cleaners, and drum beaters. They are also known as broken people.

Q11: What do you mean by equality?

Ans: Equality means all men are equally protected by law, no one is above law. All are free to follow their religion, language, and festivals and to express themselves freely. Everyone has the freedom to do work of their own choice. The State will not differentiate any individual on the basis of religion, caste, language, gender or birth.

Q12: A common stereotype about Muslims is that they are not interested in educating girls and, therefore, do not send girls to school. Do you agree?

Ans: This stereotype regarding Muslims not being interested in educating girls and, therefore, not sending girls to school is wrong. The main reason why Muslim girls do not attend school is poverty. Wherever efforts have been made to reach education to the poor, there the Muslim community has shown an interest in sending their girls to school, for example, Kerala.

Q13: Define Diversity.

Ans: Diversity means “variety” and “being different”. It is a product of different geography, culture and history. Diversity is more than just tolerating the differences. It is respecting and understanding the varying differences among individuals in society.

Q14: Define constitution.

Ans: A constitution is a set of rules for government — often in the form of a written document — that establishes the principles of an autonomous political entity. It defines the fundamental political principles and establishes the structures, procedures, powers and duties of a government.

Q15: What is the important element of our unity?

Ans: The important element of our unity is that we all live together peacefully and respect one another in all the spheres of life.

Q 16: Mention any two fundamental duties of the Indian citizens.

Ans: The two fundamental duties of the Indian citizens are:
a. to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
b. to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.

Q17: How is life in an Indian village different from city life?

Ans: Life in the village is economical as people share common facilities such as temples, schools, ponds and grazing grounds. Life in the city is expensive as people have to spend more money on rent and transport.

Q18: What is the discrimination faced by the Dalits in India even today?

Ans: Dalits are not permitted to drink water from the public wells, attend the temple prayers, wear shoes in front of an upper caste or drink from the same cups in the tea stall. They have to face various sorts of discrimination and atrocities from the upper caste.

Q19: Explain the importance of Directive Principles of State policy.

Ans: Directive principles of state policies are very important because they give directions to the governments at the Centre as well as the State to attain the welfare of the people. Their aim is to secure economic and social justice for all the people. It also aims to promote international peace and security.

Q20: How did prejudice and stereotypes lead to discrimination?

Ans: When we evaluate people on the basis of prejudices and stereotypes, we are engaging in discrimination. Women and minorities are mistreated by discrimination in employment, education and social services. Sometimes, they are excluded from high-ranking positions in society.

Q21: What does the Constitution say with regard to equality?

Ans: In our constitution, the right to equality is the most important right guaranteed to the citizens of India. It means that all citizens have equal privileges and opportunities. It looks after the citizens against any discrimination by the State on the basis of religion, caste, race, sex or place of birth. The citizens shall be equally protected by the laws of the country. It also says that the practice of untouchability is an offence.

Q22: Is there any national commission that protects minorities from discrimination? Mention the important function of the commission.

Ans: Yes, the National Human Rights Commission of India is one such Commission that works for the protection of human rights. The commission enquiries into a petition presented to it by a victim or any person on his behalf into a complaint of a violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant.

Q23: Explain how caste inequalities continue in India.

Ans: The caste division is special in India. It has not completely disappeared from India. Despite constitutional prohibition, untouchability still continues in India. The lower caste people are still backwards in education as well as in their economic condition. 

In modern India, like in pre-independence, the poor are mostly the low castes, and the rich are the higher castes. All these show that inequalities continue to exist despite the vast development that India has achieved.

Q24: What discrimination does Mahatma Gandhi face during his stay in South Africa?

Ans: The famous leader who faced discrimination was the father of India, Mahatma Gandhi. He faced discrimination when he was in South Africa. He faced discrimination directed at black South Africans and Indians. One day, in the court in Durban, he was asked to remove his turban by the magistrate. Another incident was when he was thrown off a train after he refused to move from the first class to the third class.

Long Answer Questions

Q1: Explain briefly the caste system in India.

Ans: India has a hierarchical caste system. The Indian term for caste is jati, which generally designates a group varying in size from a handful to many thousands. There are thousands of such jatis, and each has its distinctive rules and customs. Varna (meaning "color") refers to the ancient and somewhat ideal fourfold division of Hindu society:

  1. The Brahmans, the priestly and learned class.
  2. The Kshatriyas, the warriors and rulers.
  3. The Vaisyas, farmers and merchants.
  4. The Shudras, peasants and labourers.

The Caste System was born and maintained by the Brahmins, the priestly class, and they are the ones who get more advantage from it!

Q2: Explain the “right against exploitation”.

Ans: Our constitution prohibits beggars and other forms of forced labour. It also prohibits the selling and buying of human beings. According to this, human trafficking(buying & selling) is a criminal offence. No one has the right to force another individual to work for him without adequate wages or compensation.

Q3: How the stereotype thinking that “Girls are burden on their parents”, affects the life of a daughter?

Ans: The stereotype that girls are a burden on their parents affects the life of a daughter right from birth to marriage. They are treated as temporary members by their family members. They are not treated equally with boys. They are not given adequate opportunity to go to school or make progress. Even in the ancestral property, no rights are reserved for them.

Q4: What are the basic features of the Indian Constitution?

Ans: The basic features of the Indian constitution are sovereign democratic republic, justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. In the constitution of India, Justice means justice for all. 

Social justice means, justice for the whole society, no discrimination on the basis of caste or colour. Economic justice implies equal distribution of wealth, and political justice means equal participation of every individual in the government.
Liberty: Indian citizens are given freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.
Equality: Liberty without equality is meaningless. Every citizen of India is treated equally before the law and is ensured equal protection.
Fraternity: It means brotherhood among the people of India

Q5: What do the terms ‘Difference and ‘Prejudice mean to you? What is stereotyping? How does it create discrimination?

Ans: Differences can be understood as differences among people, like different types of food, clothes, languages, cultures and religions. All these are influenced by geographical and historical factors. Prejudice means to judge others negatively or as inferior on the basis of skin colour, accent, culture or clothes.
When we fix an individual or group into a particular framework, we create a stereotype. It is a popular belief about a specific social group based on assumptions and not facts. Stereotyping creates inequality and discrimination. This further leads to rejection from the community. For example, Dalits are treated as untouchables and inferior.

The document Class 6 Civics Chapter 2 Question Answers - Diversity and Discrimination is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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FAQs on Class 6 Civics Chapter 2 Question Answers - Diversity and Discrimination

1. What is diversity in the context of discrimination?
Ans. Diversity refers to the presence of a wide range of human qualities and attributes within a group, organization, or community. In the context of discrimination, diversity highlights the importance of recognizing and respecting differences among individuals, such as race, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation, and disability.
2. Why is diversity important in addressing discrimination?
Ans. Diversity is important in addressing discrimination because it promotes equality, inclusion, and understanding among individuals from different backgrounds. By embracing diversity, organizations and communities can create a more harmonious and equitable environment where all individuals are valued and respected.
3. How can discrimination be prevented in a diverse setting?
Ans. Discrimination in a diverse setting can be prevented through education, awareness, and enforcement of anti-discrimination policies. It is essential for individuals to be educated about the harmful effects of discrimination and to actively promote inclusivity and acceptance of diverse perspectives.
4. What are some common forms of discrimination in a diverse society?
Ans. Common forms of discrimination in a diverse society include racism, sexism, ageism, homophobia, transphobia, and ableism. These forms of discrimination often stem from stereotypes, prejudices, and misconceptions about individuals based on their characteristics or identities.
5. How can individuals contribute to promoting diversity and combating discrimination?
Ans. Individuals can contribute to promoting diversity and combating discrimination by being open-minded, respectful, and inclusive towards others. It is important to challenge discriminatory behaviors, speak up against injustice, and support initiatives that aim to create a more diverse and equitable society.
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