Class 6 Exam  >  Class 6 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 6  >  Short & Long Question Answers: Urban Administration

Class 6 Civics Chapter 6 Question Answers - Urban Administration

Short Q & A : 

 

Q1: Define urbanization.
Ans: Urbanization means the increase in the proportion population of a country who live in urban areas.

Q2: Describe democracy.
Ans:  Democracy, which derives from the Greek word "demos", or "people", is defined, basically as government in which the supreme power is in the hands of the people.

Q3: What is a city? Why some cities are called metropolitan cities?
Ans:  A city is a place where people from different regions and states live together. Population of a city varies from twenty thousands and 5 lakh.

Q4: Why do state governments give grants to the municipalities?
Ans:  The sources of income of the municipalities are very limited while the expenditure is more than the income. So, the State governments give grants to the municipalities.

Q5: Why are parks required in big cities?
Ans:  Parks are necessary in big cities because it provide a proper environment for our health. It helps to protect our localities from pollution and keep ourselves healthy.

Q6: What do you know about a district collector?
Ans:  The District Collector or District Magistrate is the head of a district. He belongs to the cadre of Indian administration Services (I.A. S.) and is appointed by the State Government.

Q7: All the cities don't have Municipal Corporations. Justify.
Ans: No, not all the cities have Municipal Corporations; big cities like Pune, have Municipal Corporation while smaller towns like Mainpuri, Sitapur, etc. have Municipal Council.

Q8: What was the reason for the spread of the plague in Surat?
Ans: The main reason for the epidemic Plague in Surat was the unhealthy sewerage conditions and the inefficient health infrastructure.

Q9: What are public amenities?
Ans: Public amenities are facilities or benefits continuously offered to the general public for their use or enjoyment, with or without charge. For example, the essential services like arrangement of drinking water, light, hospital, education etc.

Q10: Who is a 'Session Judge'?
Ans:  A district judge is also called the "Metropolitan session judge". He is presiding over a district court in a city which is designated metropolitan area by the State government. A session judge conducts or administers the highest criminal court in a district.

Q11: What are the main functions of a Chief Executive Officer?
Ans:  Every corporation has a Chief Executive Officer. He is not elected by the people, but appointed by the state government. His main function is to implement the decision of the Municipal Corporation. He supervises the work of engineers, doctors and educationists.

Q12: Briefly explain the different types of urban local bodies.
Ans: Urban government bodies consist of Municipal Corporations and Municipalities. Municipal Corporations are found in larger cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, and other places. Municipalities exist in smaller towns and cities.

Q13: Who looks into the elections of the Municipalities?
Ans:  According to the Indian Constitution "the superintendence, direction, and control of the preparation of electoral rolls for, and the conduct of, all elections to the Municipalities shall be vested in the State Election Commission".

Q14: Define Plague.
Ans: Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents that can be spread to humans and other animals by infected fleas. Pneumonic plague is the most infectious form because it can spread from person to person in airborne droplets.

Q15: In what way is the Municipal Chairman elected?
Ans: In some State, the Municipal Chairman is elected by the elected members of the municipality. In some States, he is directly elected by the people. The Municipal Council comprising 36 ward councillors is headed by a Chairman.

Q16: Explain the composition of the Ward Committee.
Ans:  The Ward Committee is a committee that includes the councilor and the a few residents of that ward. It is designed so to be representative of the people residing in that ward. The ward councilors are elected by the people.

Q17: Explain the features of the Municipal Corporation.
Ans:  The local bodies of the cities having large population are called Municipal Corporation. The area of the work of the corporation is wider. The number of elected representatives varies in between 50 to 100. The day to day work is looked after by various committees.

Q18: Discuss the impact of the Plague on Surat.
Ans: The epidemic has caused mass panic and alarm in the city, the state, and the whole country. Within days of the outbreak, about 300,000 people left Surat, and all work ceased. Many people even left other cities in the state even though there were no positive cases. Trains were not allowed to stop at Surat station. It has cost Surat a huge loss in terms of business.

Q19: Why Urban Administration is important?
Ans: Urban administration is necessary to provide basic amenities like street lights, garbage collection, water supply, keeping the streets and the markets clean, collecting house tax and water taxes, etc. They are responsible for the cleaning of the city drainage system, maintenance of parks, and market. It has made it possible for regulating the urban development and local management of civic facilities.

Q20: What is a Municipal Corporation?
Ans:  A Municipal Corporation is established in big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai etc., to solve the local problems of the people staying in these cities. Its main functions are sanitation, records of birth and death, the establishment of schools and libraries, establishment and maintenance of hospitals, water and electricity supply, etc.

Q21: What is meant by the devolution to urban local bodies?
Ans: Devolution is the transfer of responsibility and accountability from the higher levels of government (central and state) to the local governments. It involves de jure as well as de facto transfer of responsibilities to the municipal governments along with the transfer of adequate funds to enable municipalities to carry out their functions fairly and properly.

Q22: Why it is important to clean roads and garbage?
Ans: Garbage and dirt lying over roads and streets, if remains uncollected attract flies, rats, dogs, etc. and this harms the people. People get ill from the smell. After a point movement of people and the playing of children gets stopped due to the fear of illness. So to save us from diseases, regular cleaning is required.

Long Q & A :

Q1: What lessons are learned from the plague epidemic in Surat?
Ans: The lessons learned are as follows: - First, the strong direction in both administrative and political arenas is essential for good governance. Second, it is feasible to put into practice the administrative strategies to deal with issues of solid waste management and public health if enough thought is put into generating work ethics as well as public awareness, supported by the proper law enforcement measures.

Q2: Where was the First Municipal Corporation of India established?
Ans: Kolkata Municipal Corporation (formerly Calcutta Municipal Corporation) is the first Municipal Corporation of India. It was established by the British Government in the year 1690 to establish local trade, which was favorable in many villages. It became more effective and efficient with the passage of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Act of 1980, which stated the functions of the municipality department.

Q3: How the municipality take care of health facilities in a locality?
Ans: The Municipality and the Municipal Corporation arrange for the disposal of wastes which causes several diseases. They construct sewage to drain out dirty water from our cities and villages. They protect the people from epidemics and other diseases like cholera and smallpox. They make arrangements for polio vaccination for the children. They maintain dispensaries and hospitals for the sick and also construct public latrines and urinals.

Q4: What did Gangabai do and Why?
Ans:  Garbage was lying here and there in the neighbourhood of Gangabai. People were getting suffocated by the foul smell. Gangabai decided to go to the Ward Councillor with her neighbour. She described this situation to him and he promised to solve this problem immediately. She told the Commissioner that if the problem will not be solved then a number of women from her locality would protest against the corporation.

Q5: Critically evaluate the role of the Ward Councillors.
Ans: A ward councilor is directly elected to represent and serve the people in a specific ward. The ward councilor should make sure that the interests of the people in the ward are represented properly. The ward councilor remains in touch with the key issues in their area, understand the crucial problems, and monitors its development. The ward councilor acts as a spokesperson for the people in the ward. They are the direct link between the council and the voters. People can also bring their problems to the ward councillor and he/she should suitably deal with these.

Q6: How does a Municipality or Municipal Corporation get its money?
Ans: To provide and run several services, the Municipality needs a lot of money. The Municipal Corporation collects it in diverse ways. A tax is a sum of money that people pay to the government for the services the government supplies. People who own homes have to pay a property tax as well as taxes for water and other services. The larger the house the more the tax, i.e. tax according to quantity. Property levies however form 25-30 percent of the total money that a Municipal Corporation earns. There are also taxes for education. Even taxes like entertainment tax on tickets etc. are also levied. Rich people account for property taxes while the wider population pays more general taxes.

Q7: Differentiate between the Councillors and the administrative officers.
Ans: Councillors are elected by the people and keep their positions only if they are re-elected. Officials are appointed on the merit basis by council management to specified jobs within the municipal administration and are like any other employee in a job. Officials possess the knowledge and skills in the technical and specialized aspects of municipal affairs. Councilors who don't have this knowledge have to rely on the reports of officials to help them make decisions. Both the Councillors and officials decide the policies and direction of the municipality. Once the council has reached a decision then officials are expected to carry these out most efficiently and cost-effectively.

Q8: Write a note on municipality or municipal council.
Ans:  A municipality, also called a municipal committee or a municipal council, is a local self-government body in smaller towns and cities. It is elected for a term of five years and can also dissolve earlier if it fails to function according to the rules laid down by the state government. The municipal members have meetings at regular intervals. These members elect a chairperson who presides over the meetings. The administrative head of the municipality is called commissioner. Certain permanent officials such as an executive officer, secretary, health officer, sanitary inspectors, municipal engineers, junior engineers and education officers are appointed by the state government or the municipality.

Q9: List the functions of the chief executive officer in a municipal corporation.
Ans:  The chief executive officer in a municipal corporation is also known as the municipal commissioner. The state government appoints this person. The executive officer acts as a link between the state government and Municipal Corporation. Various officers in charge of departments like those in charge of health, education, engineering and sanitation help him or her in this work. The municipal commissioner co-ordinates their work and has the power to appoint lower level employees. He/she is the head of the executive branch of the municipal corporation. The municipal commissioner has all the executive powers. The day-to-day work of the municipal corporations is carried out with the help of a number of committees.

Q10: Explain the relation between the local bodies and the state government.
Ans:  The local bodies cannot work without the permission of the state government. The state government keeps a strict watch on the financial grants that are given to the local bodies. It should get the permission of the state in levying any new tax, in getting public loan that can be taken only with the permission of the state government. A state government can dissolve any Municipality or Municipal Corporation if it is not satisfied with its performance. The main function of the local bodies and the state government is to promote the welfare of the people.

Q11: What are the functions of the Ward Committee?
Ans:  
The important functions of the Ward Committee are as follows:-

  • Supervision of the overall municipal work.
  • Water and sanitation requirements.
  • Identification of slums and their upgradation.
  • Public health - information dissemination.
  • Environment protection.
  • Supervision of public physical infrastructure like hospitals, schools, and roads.


Q12: List the qualifications that are needed to become the member of the municipality.
Ans:
The following qualifications are needed to become a member of the municipality:

  • The person must be a citizen of India.
  • His name should be there in the voters' list.
  • His minimum age should be 25 years.
  • He should not be a mad, a bankrupt or a criminal.


Q13: State any five functions of the Municipalities.
Ans:  The five functions of the Municipalities are as follows:-

  • Supply of adequate drinking water.
  • Providing and maintaining drainage and sewage systems.
  • Maintenance of public street lighting.
  • Construction and maintenance of bus terminals, roads and bridges.
  • Maintenance of birth and death records.


Q14: Name four offices that work for the maintenance of civil amenities and services in a district.
Ans:

  • Collector or District Commissioner: He is the highest officer of the district. His main function is to maintain peace, law, and order in the district.
  • District Civil Surgeon or Chief Medical Officer: He supervises all the hospitals and dispensaries of the district. Doctors, compounders, and nurses assist the CMO in his work.
  • District Education Officer: He inspects schools and looks after the education department.
  • The Executive Engineer: The maintenance of government buildings and major highways is under the public works department. The executive engineer is the head of the department.
The document Class 6 Civics Chapter 6 Question Answers - Urban Administration is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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FAQs on Class 6 Civics Chapter 6 Question Answers - Urban Administration

1. What is urban administration?
Urban administration refers to the management and governance of urban areas, including cities and towns. It involves the planning, development, and implementation of policies, programs, and services to meet the needs of the urban population.
2. What are the key responsibilities of urban administration?
The key responsibilities of urban administration include urban planning and development, provision of essential services such as water supply, sanitation, and waste management, maintenance of public infrastructure, management of land and property, ensuring law and order, and promoting economic growth in urban areas.
3. How is urban administration different from rural administration?
Urban administration differs from rural administration in several ways. Urban areas are more densely populated and have different socio-economic dynamics compared to rural areas. Urban administration focuses on addressing the unique challenges of urbanization, such as managing urban infrastructure, providing efficient public services, and dealing with issues related to urban poverty, migration, and environmental sustainability.
4. What are the challenges faced by urban administration?
Urban administration faces various challenges, including rapid urbanization, inadequate infrastructure, slum proliferation, traffic congestion, pollution, rising crime rates, and unequal distribution of resources. Additionally, urban administration also needs to tackle issues related to social inclusion, affordable housing, urban poverty, and environmental sustainability.
5. How can citizens actively participate in urban administration?
Citizens can actively participate in urban administration by engaging in local governance processes, such as attending public meetings, voicing their concerns, and providing feedback to government officials. They can also join or form local community organizations, collaborate with local authorities to address urban issues, participate in urban planning processes, and contribute to the development and implementation of urban policies and programs.
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