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Safety and First Aid - 1 Class 5 Notes Science

Introduction

  • Accidents may happen to anyone, anytime and anywhere
  • We should always be careful and follow safety rules to avoid accidents. 
  • Accidents at home are mainly caused by fire, electricity, and sharp objects such as knives and scissors. 
  • Children running up or down staircases at school can fall and get injured. 
  • Accidents occur on roads due to careless driving and not following traffic rules.

AccidentsAccidents

Question for Detailed Notes: Safety & First Aid - 1
Try yourself:What are some common causes of accidents, and why is it important to follow safety rules to prevent them?
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How Accidents Occur

  • Many accidents happen because of negligence. Take a look at these images, some of which depict situations that could result in accidents. 

How Accidents OccurHow Accidents Occur

  • For instance, a child playing close to a hot iron might accidentally touch it and get burned. 
  • Similarly, a woman using her saree to lift a pot of hot milk near a burning gas stove risks catching her saree on fire, leading to a severe accident. 
  • Additionally, boys playing on the road are at risk of being struck by a speeding vehicle. 

Safety Rules

To avoid accidents, one should be careful as well as alert. Accidents can be avoided if we follow safety rules.

1. Safety at home

Safety at HomeSafety at Home

  • Be cautious when walking on wet or slippery floors.
  • Avoid throwing lit matchsticks near papers or clothes.
  • Don't stack stools and chairs to reach high places; you could fall and injure yourself.
  • Avoid overloading sockets with too many gadgets to prevent short circuits and fires.
  • Never touch electric switches or plugs with wet hands to avoid electric shocks.
  • Take your time and avoid rushing up or down stairs to prevent slipping and falling.
  • Don't wear nylon or synthetic clothes near fire as they can easily catch fire.
  • Handle sharp objects with care.

2. Safety from fire

 A fire can be caused due to gas leakage, electrical faults, careless handling of candles, matchsticks, etc.

FireFire

 We should follow some safety rules to prevent ourselves from fire accidents:

  • Switch off the gas regulator when not in use.
  • In case of a gas leakage, neither strike a match nor operate any electrical switch. Open all doors and windows and call an adult for help.
  • Replace faulty gas pipes immediately.
  • Check wiring and electrical appliances regularly for any faults or breaks in the wiring.
  • Be careful while handling matchboxes, candles, firecrackers, etc.
  • Do not wear synthetic clothes like nylon clothes when handling fire because these clothes catch

    fire easily.

  • If a person’s clothes catch fire, he/she should be rolled onto the floor until the fire is out. He/she
    can also be covered by a blanket to put out fire.

(a) What to Do in Case of a Fire 
A fire needs air to keep burning. It can be put out by cutting off its air supply or cooling down the burning substance. In case of small fires, this can be done by the following methods. 

Safety and First Aid - 1 Class 5 Notes Science

  • Throwing mud or sand over the fire: This cuts off the air supply by covering the substance on fire. Small electric fires can be extinguished in this way. 
  • Pouring water over the fire: This cools down the burning substance and also cuts off its air supply. 
  • Using a fire extinguisher: This is a simple device to extinguish a fire. Fire extinguishers are of various types. There are special fire extinguishers for electric fires. But they all work in the same way—by cutting off the air supply to the fire

Question for Detailed Notes: Safety & First Aid - 1
Try yourself:
Which of the following actions can help prevent accidents at home?
View Solution

(b) Water should never be thrown over a fire caused by electricity

Electricity can flow through the water and result in a person getting an electric shock. Water should also not be thrown over burning petrol or kerosene. These are lighter than water and would float over it and continue to burn. Instead, this could cause the fire to spread.

Safety and First Aid - 1 Class 5 Notes Science

(c) What to do if Clothes Catch Fire

  • If your clothes catch fire, roll on the ground. This stops the fire by cutting off its air supply.
  • If there's a blanket or rug nearby, rolling in it is even better for putting out the fire.
  • If someone else's clothes catch fire, use water to extinguish it.
  • If water isn't available, wrap the person in a blanket, rug, or overcoat.
  • However, don't keep the person covered for too long because it can lead to severe burns since the blanket traps heat. Remove the blanket once the fire is out. 

3. Safety on the road 

We should always be careful on the road. We should follow traffic signs to keep ourselves and others safe.

Safety and First Aid - 1 Class 5 Notes ScienceWe should always follow the following safety rules on the road: 

  • Cross the road at the zebra crossing or use a subway to cross the road.
  • Wear a helmet while riding a two-wheeler. 
  • Never walk through vehicles that have stopped at a crossing. 
  • Do not run on the road. 
  • Always walk on the footpath. 
  • Use a safety belt while travelling in a car.
  • Follow the traffic signals

4. Safety at playground

  • Do not jump off a high place; you may hurt your leg.
  • Do not play unsafe games which can cause serious injuries.
  • Follow the rules of the game you are playing.
  • Do not fight or hit each other while playing.

Question for Detailed Notes: Safety & First Aid - 1
Try yourself:What should you do if someone's clothes catch fire?
View Solution

Dealing With Emergency

Accidents can occur anywhere, so it's important to know what to do in these situations.

  • Stay relaxed and think clearly.
  • Ask an adult for assistance.
  • Provide basic medical aid if you can.
  • Seek medical attention if necessary.
The document Safety and First Aid - 1 Class 5 Notes Science is a part of the Class 5 Course Science Class 5.
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FAQs on Safety and First Aid - 1 Class 5 Notes Science

1. What are some common causes of accidents?
Ans. Accidents can occur due to factors such as human error, equipment malfunction, unsafe working conditions, lack of proper training, and negligence.
2. Why is it important to follow safety rules?
Ans. Following safety rules helps prevent accidents, injuries, and even fatalities. It also ensures a safe working environment for everyone involved.
3. What should you do in case of an emergency at the workplace?
Ans. In case of an emergency, you should remain calm, follow the established emergency procedures, evacuate the area if necessary, and seek help from designated personnel.
4. How can you prevent accidents from happening in the first place?
Ans. You can prevent accidents by staying alert, following safety guidelines, using personal protective equipment, reporting hazards, and participating in safety training programs.
5. What is the importance of first aid in workplace safety?
Ans. First aid plays a crucial role in workplace safety by providing immediate care to injured individuals, minimizing the severity of injuries, and ensuring a timely response to emergencies.
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