DC Pandey Solutions: Units, Dimensions & Vectors - 2

# DC Pandey Solutions: Units, Dimensions & Vectors - 2 | DC Pandey Solutions for NEET Physics PDF Download

Q31. Which one is a vector quantity?
(a) Time
(b) Temperature
(c) Flux density
(d) Magnetic field intensity

Magnetic field intensity.
Option (d) is correct.Vector Quantity has both Magnitude and Direction

Q32. Given that P = 12,Q = 5 and R =13 also  then the angle between  will be
(a) π
(b) π/2
(c) zero
(d) π/4

∴ Angle between
Option (b) is correct.

Q33. The forces, which meet at one point but their lines of action do not lie in one plane, are called
(a) non-coplanar non-concurrent forces
(b) non-coplanar concurrent forces
(c) coplanar concurrent forces
(d) coplanar non-concurrent forces

non-coplanar concurrent forces

Q34. Given that  Two out of the three vectors are equal in magnitude. The magnitude of the third vector is √2 times that of the other two. Which of the following can be the angles between these vectors?
(a) 90°, 135°, 135°
(b) 45°, 45°, 90°
(c) 30°, 60°, 90°
(d) 45°, 90°, 135°

or
or
or  …(i)
Let Q2 = P2 and R = P√2
Thus, Eq. (i) takes the form
P2 + P2 + 2PQcos θ = 2P2
or 2PQcos θ = 0
or cosθ = 0
or  θ = 90°
∴ Angle between

or
or P2 + R2 + 2PR cos φ = Q2
or 2PR cos φ = Q2 - P2 - R2
or   2PR cos φ = - R2
or   2P cos φ = - R
or    2P cos φ = - P√2
or
∴ φ = 135°

∴  Angle between

Option (a) is correct.

Q35. The angle between
(a) 90°

(b) between 0° and 180°
(c) 180° only
(d) None of these

Angle (φ) between

Angle φ between

This implies that angle between  and  will vary from 0 to π.
Option (b) is correct.

Q36. Two vectors of equal magnitude have a resultant equal to either of them, then the angle between them will be
(a) 30°
(b) 120°
(c) 60°
(d) 45°

R2 = P2 + Q2 + 2PQcosθ
for R = P = Q
P2 = P2 + P2 + 2PPcos θ
or
or    θ = 120°
Option (b) is correct.

Q37. A force newton acts on a body and displaces it by metre. The work done by the force is
(a) 5 J
(b) 25 J
(c) 10 J
(d) 30 J

= 25 J
Option (b) is correct.

Q38. If the vectors  are perpendicular to each other then the positive value of a is
(a) zero
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3

Other value is - ive.
Option (d) is correct.

Q39. The angles which the vector  makes with the co-ordinate axes are

(d) none of the above

If a vector makes angles α, β and γ with the co-ordinate axes, then
cos2 α + cos2 β + cos2 γ = 1

∴ Option (a) is correct.

Q40. Unit vector parallel to the resultant of vectors

(d) None of these

and

Option (b) is correct.

Q41. The value of n so that vectors  may be coplanar, will be
(a) 18
(b) 28
(c) 9
(d) 36

∴ Vectors  will be coplanar if their scalar triple product is zero i.e.,

or 65 - 4n + 7 = 0
or  n = 18
Option (a) is correct.

Q42. Which one of the following statement is false?
(a) A vector has only magnitude, whereas a scalar has both magnitude and direction
(b) Distance is a scalar quantity but displacement is a vector quantity
(c) Momentum, force, torque are vector quantities
(d) Mass, speed and energy are scalar quantities

A vector has only magnitude, whereas a scalar has both magnitude and direction

Q43. are two vectors then the value of

Option (a) is correct.

Q44. The angle between the two vectors
(a) 60°
(b) 0°
(c) 90°
(d) None of these

= 0
⇒ θ = 90°
Option (c) is correct.

Q45. Maximum and minimum values of the resultant of two forces acting at a point are 7 N and 3 N respectively. The smaller force will be equal to
(a) 5 N
(b) 4 N
(c) 2 N
(d) 1 N

A + B = 7
A - B = 3
∴ B = 2 N
Option (c) is correct.

Q46. The component of vector  along the vector
(a) 5/√2
(b) 10/√2
(c) 5 √2
(d) 5

Angle between
and

Component of

Option (a) is correct.

Q47. The resultant of two forces 3P and 2P is R. If the first force is doubled then the resultant is also doubled. The angle between the two forces is
(a) 60°
(b) 120°
(c) 70°
(d) 180°

Option (b) is correct.

Q48. The resultant of two forces, one double the other in magnitude, is perpendicular to the smaller of the two forces. The angle between the two forces is
(a) 120°
(b) 60°
(c) 90°
(d) 150°

As   θ = 90°, tan α = ∞
∴ P + Q cos α  = 0
i.e.,

∴ α = 120°
Option (a) is correct.

Q49. Three vectors satisfy the relation  is parallel to

…(i)

…(ii)
From Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii), we conclude that  is perpendicular to the plane containing

This implies that  is perpendicular to
Option (c) is correct.

Q50. The sum of two forces at a point is 16 N. If their resultant is normal to the smaller force and has a magnitude of 8 N. Then two forces are
(a) 6N, 10N
(b) 8 N, 8 N
(c) 4 N, 12N
(d) 2 N, 14N

P2 + Q2 + 2PQ cos α = R2
or P2 + Q2 + 2PQ cos α = 82
or P2 + Q2 + 2PQ + 2PQ cos α - 2PQ = 64
or (P + Q)2 + 2 PQ (cos α - 1) = 64
or   (16)2 + 2 PQ (cos α - 1) = 64
or   2 PQ (cos α - 1) = - 192
or   PQ cos α - PQ = - 96 …(i)

(as θ = 90°)
∴ P + Q cos α = 0
Qcos α = -P …(ii)
Using Eq. (ii) and Eq. (i),
P (- P) - PQ = - 96

or - P (P + Q) = - 96
or
P = + 6 N
∴ Q = 10 N
Option (a) is correct.

Q51. then the value of
(a) (A2 + B2 + AB)1/2

(c) (A + B)

⇒ tan θ = √3
⇒ θ = 60°

= A2 + B2 + 2AB cos 60°
= A2 + B2 + AB

Q52. If the angle between the vectors the value of the product is equal to
(a) BA2 cos θ
(b) BA2 sin θ
(c) BA2 sin θ cos θ
(d) zero

is perpendicular to both

or
Option (d) is correct.

Q53. If a vector  is perpendicular to the vector  then the value of α is
(a) -1
(b) 1/2

(d) 1

⇒ - 8 + 12 + 8a = 0

Option (c) is correct.

Q54. Minimum number of vectors of unequal magnitudes which can give zero resultant are
(a) two
(b) three
(c) four
(d) more than four

Q55. The (x, y, z) coordinates of two points A and B are given respectively as (0, 3, - 1) and (- 2, 6, 4). The displacement vector from A to B is given by

Option (c) is correct.

Q56. The sum of two vectors  is at right angles to their difference. Then
(a) A = B
(b) A = 2B
(c) B = 2A
have the same direction

Using answer to questions no. 35, as angle between
A2 + B2 cos 2θ = 0
or  A2 = - B2 cos 2θ
or
or  A2 = - B2 cos π
or   A2 = B2
⇒ A = B
Option (a) is correct.

## Match the Columns

Q1. Column-I shows some vector equations. Match column I with the value of the angle between A and B given in column II.

 Column I Column II (p) zero (q) π/2 (r) π/4 (s) 3π/4

or
or

Thus, (a) → (r) (s).

(given)
or
or
or sin θ = - sin θ
or   2 sin θ = 0

or

or

or
or
or
or

Section-II
Subjective Questions

Q1. Young’s modulus of steel is 2.0 x 1011 N / m2. Express it in dyne/cm2.

Q2. Surface tension of water in the CGS system is 72 dynes/cm . What is its value in SI units

Q3. In the expression y = a sin (ωt + θ), y is the displacement and t is the time. Write the dim ensions of a, ω and θ.

[a] = [y] = [L]
Sol: [wt] = [M0L0 T0] ∴ [ω] = [T-1]

[θ] = [M0L0 T0]

Q4. The relation between the energy E and the frequency v of a photon is expressed by the equation E = hv, where h is Planck’s constant. Write down the SI units of h and its dimensions.

Q5. Write the dimensions of a and b in the relation.

where P is power, x is distance and t is time.

[b] = [x2] = [L2]

Q6. Check the correctness of the relation  where u is initial velocity, a is acceleration and St is the displacement of by the body in tth second.

Here t in second. Hence the given equation seems to be dimensionally incorrect. But it is correct because 1 is hidden.

Q7. Let x and a stand for distance.  dim ensionally correct?

LHS is dimensionless. While RHS has the dimensions [L-1].

Q8. In the equation

Find the value of n.

LHS is dimensionless. Hence n = 0.

Q9. Show dimensionally that the expression,  is  dimensionally correct, where  Y is Young’s modulus of the material of wire, L is length of wire, Mg is the weight applied on the wire and l is the increase in the length of the wire.

Just write the dimension of different physical quantities.

Q10. The energy E of an oscillating body in simple harmonic motion depends on its mass m, frequency n and amplitude a. Using the method of dimensional analysis find the relation between E, m, n and a.

E = kmxnyaz.

Here k = a dimensionless constant
∴ [E] = [m]x [n]y [a]z
∴ [ML2 T–2] = [M]x[T–1]y[L]z
∴ x = 1, y = 2 and z = 2

Q11. The centripetal force F acting on a particle moving uniformly in a circle may depend upon mass (m), velocity (v) and radius r of the circle. Derive the formula for F using the method of dimensions.

(k = a dimensionless constant)

Solving we get,
x = 1, y = 2 and z = - 1

Q12. Taking force F, length L and time T to be the fundamental quantities, find the dimensions of (a) density, (b) pressure, (c) momentum and (d) energy.

[d] = [F]x [L]y [T]z
∴ [ML–3] = [MLT–2]x[L]y[T]z
Equating the powers we get,
x = 1, y = - 4, z = 2
∴ [ d] = [FL–4 T2]
Similarly other parts can be solved.

Vectors

Q13. Find the cosine of the angle between the vectors

Q14. Obtain the angle between

Angle between

Q15. Under what conditions will the vectors  be perpendicular to each other ?

Their dot product should be zero.

Q16. Deduce the condition for the vectors

Ratio of coefficients of  should be same.

Q17. Three vectors which are coplanar with respect to a certain rectangular co-ordinate system are given by

Find

(c) Find the angle between

No solution is required.

Q18. Find the components of a vector  along the directions of

Q19. If vectors  be respectively equal to  Find the unit vector parallel to

Q20. If two vectors are  By calculation, prove that

is perpendicular to both

Q21. Find the area of the parallelogram whose sides are represented by

Area of parallelogram

Q22. The resultant of two vectors  is at right angles to and its magnitude is half of Find the angle between

Q23. The x and y-components of vector  are 4 m and 6 m respectively. The x and y-components of vector  are 10 m and 9 m respectively. Calculate for the vector  the following
(a) its x andy-components
(b) its length
(c) the angle it makes with x-axis

Q24. Prove by the method of vectors that in a triangle

Applying sine law, we have

Q25. Four forces of magnitude P, 2P, 3P and AP act along the four sides of a square ABCDm cyclic order. Use the vector method to find the resultant force.

Q26.
R2 + S2 = 2(P2 + Q2)

R2 = P2 + Q2 + 2PQ cos θ
S2 = P2 + Q2 - 2PQ cos θ
∴ R2 + S2 = 2 (P2 + Q2)

The document DC Pandey Solutions: Units, Dimensions & Vectors - 2 | DC Pandey Solutions for NEET Physics is a part of the NEET Course DC Pandey Solutions for NEET Physics.
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## FAQs on DC Pandey Solutions: Units, Dimensions & Vectors - 2 - DC Pandey Solutions for NEET Physics

 1. What are the units and dimensions of physical quantities?
Ans. Units are the standards of measurement used to express the magnitude of physical quantities, while dimensions represent the nature of the physical quantity and are expressed in terms of fundamental quantities such as length, mass, and time.
 2. How do you convert between units of physical quantities?
Ans. To convert between units of physical quantities, we can use conversion factors or conversion formulas. For example, to convert from meters to kilometers, we divide the value in meters by 1000.
 3. What is the significance of vectors in physics?
Ans. Vectors are used in physics to represent quantities that have both magnitude and direction, such as velocity, force, and displacement. They help in understanding and analyzing the physical phenomena involving direction and can be added or subtracted using vector algebra.
 4. How do you add and subtract vectors?
Ans. To add or subtract vectors, we use the parallelogram law or the triangle law. In the parallelogram law, we draw the vectors as adjacent sides of a parallelogram and the resultant vector is the diagonal of the parallelogram. In the triangle law, we draw the vectors as sides of a triangle and the resultant vector is the closing side of the triangle.
 5. What are the different types of vector products?
Ans. The different types of vector products are dot product, also known as scalar product, and cross product, also known as vector product. The dot product gives a scalar quantity and is the product of the magnitudes of the vectors and the cosine of the angle between them. The cross product gives a vector quantity and is the product of the magnitudes of the vectors, the sine of the angle between them, and a unit vector perpendicular to the plane containing the vectors.

## DC Pandey Solutions for NEET Physics

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