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Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Previous Year Questions - Food Security in India

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. Explain the major dimensions of food security.    [CBSE 2015,13,12,11]
Ans: The major dimensions of food security are:
(а) Availability of food. It means food production within the country, food imports, along with previous years’ stock stored in government granaries.
(b) Accessibility. It means food is within the reach of every person.
(c) Affordability. It implies having enough money to buy sufficient safe and nutritious food to meet one’s dietary needs.

The document Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Previous Year Questions - Food Security in India is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
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FAQs on Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Previous Year Questions - Food Security in India

1. What is food security in India?
Ans. Food security in India refers to the availability, accessibility, and affordability of food for all its citizens. It ensures that every individual has access to an adequate quantity and quality of food to lead a healthy and active life.
2. What are the factors contributing to food security in India?
Ans. Several factors contribute to food security in India. These include agricultural productivity, irrigation facilities, availability of seeds and fertilizers, storage infrastructure, transportation facilities, government policies, and social welfare programs.
3. What are the challenges to food security in India?
Ans. India faces several challenges to achieving food security. These include population growth, unequal distribution of food, inadequate storage facilities leading to post-harvest losses, climate change affecting agricultural productivity, lack of proper irrigation facilities, and limited access to nutritious food in remote areas.
4. How does the government ensure food security in India?
Ans. The government of India takes various measures to ensure food security. It implements schemes like the Public Distribution System (PDS) and the National Food Security Act (NFSA) to provide subsidized food grains to the poor. It also promotes agricultural practices, invests in irrigation infrastructure, and implements policies to support farmers.
5. What are the benefits of achieving food security in India?
Ans. Achieving food security in India has several benefits. It ensures the overall health and well-being of the population, reduces malnutrition and hunger, improves productivity, contributes to economic growth, and enhances social stability. It also strengthens the country's resilience during times of crisis or natural disasters.
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