NEET Previous year questions (2014-2024): System of Particles & Rotational Motion

# NEET Previous year questions (2014-2024): System of Particles & Rotational Motion | Physics Class 11 PDF Download

## 2024

Q1: The moment of inertia of a thin rod about an axis passing through its mid point and perpendicular to the rod is  2400gcm2. The length of the 400g rod is nearly:     [2024]
(a) 8.5 cm
(b) 17.5 cm
(c) 20.7 cm
(d) 72.0 cm
Ans:
(a)
Moment of Intertia of rod =

Q2: A wheel of a bullock cart is rolling on a level road as shown in the figure below. If its linear speed is v in the direction shown, which one of the following options is correct (P and Q are any highest and lowest points on the wheel, respectively)?     [2024]
(a) Point P moves slower than point Q
(b) Point P moves faster than point Q
(c) Both the points P and Q move with equal speed
(d) Point P has zero speed
Ans:
(b)
In the case of pure rolling,he topmost point will have velocity 2v while point Q i.e. lowest point will have zero velocity. Hence point P moves faster than point Q.

## 2023

Q1: The ratio of radius of gyration of a solid sphere of mass M and radius R about its own axis to the radius of gyration of the thin hollow sphere of same mass and radius about its axis is       [2023]
(a) 3 : 5
(b) 5 : 3
(c) 2 : 5
(d) 5 : 2
Ans:
(a)

* None of the option is correct (correct answer is

Q2: The angular acceleration of a body, moving along the circumference of a circle, is :
(a) along the radius towards the centre
(b) along the tangent to its position
(c) along the axis of rotation
(d) along the radius, away from centre                       [2023]
Ans:
(c)

Along the axis of rotation.

## 2022

Q1: An energy of 484 J is spent in increasing the speed of a flywheel from 60 rpm to 360 rpm. The moment of inertia of the flywheel is :
(a) 0.07 kg-m2
(b) 0.7 kg-m2
(c) 3.22 kg-m2
(c) 30.8 kg-m2
Ans:
(b)
From work - energy theorem

Q2: The angular speed of a fly wheel moving with uniform angular acceleration changes from 1200 rpm to 3120 rpm in 16 seconds. The angular acceleration in rad/s2 is                           [2022]
(a) 2π
(b) 4π
(c) 12π
(d) 104π
Ans:
(b)

Q3: Two objects of mass 10 kg and 20 kg respectively are connected to the two ends of a rigid rod of length 10 m with negligible mass. The distance of the center of mass of the system from the 10 kg mass is              [2022]
(a) 20/3 m
(b) 10 m
(c) 5 m
(d) 10/3 m
Ans: (a)

Q4: The ratio of the radius of gyration of a thin uniform disc about an axis passing through its center and normal to its plane to the radius of gyration of the disc about its diameter is       [2022]
(a) √2: 1
(b) 4: 1
(c) 1: √2
(d) 2: 1

Ans. A

## 2021

Q1: From a circular ring of mass 'M' and radius 'R' an arc corresponding to a 90° sector is removed. The moment of inertia of the remaining part of the ring about an axis passing through the centre of the ring and perpendicular to the plane of the ring is 'K' times 'MR2'. Then the value of 'K' is :     [2021]
(a) 1/4
(b) 1/8

(c) 3/4
(d) 7/8
Ans: (c)

Mremain = 3/4M
I = Mremain R2
= 3/4MR2

Q2: A uniform rod of length 200 cm and mass 500 g is balanced on a wedge placed at 40 cm mark. A mass of 2 kg is suspended from the rod at 20 cm and another unknown mass 'm' is suspended from the rod at 160 cm mark as shown in the figure. Find the value of 'm' such that the rod is in equilibrium. (g=10 m/s2)    [2021]

(a) 1/6 kg
(b) 1/12 kg
(c) 1/2 kg
(d) 1/3 kg
Ans:
(b)

By balancing torque,
2g x 20 = 0.5g x 60 + mg x 120
m = 0.5 / 6 kg = 1/12 kg

## 2020

Q1: Find the torque about the origin when a force ofacts on a particle whose position vector is      [2020]
(a)
(b)

(c)
(d)
Ans:
(a)

Q2: Two particles of mass 5kg and 10 kg respectively are attached to the two ends of a rigid rod of length 1m with negligible mass. The centre of mass of the system from the 5kg particle is nearly at a distance of:     [2020]
(a) 67 cm
(b) 80 cm
(c) 33 cm
(d) 50 cm
Ans:
(a)

## 2019

Q1: A solid cylinder of mass 2 kg and radius 4 cm is rotating about its axis at the rate of 3 rpm. The torque required to stop after 2π revolutions is    [2019]
(a) 2 × 10-6 N m
(b) 2 × 10-3 N m
(c) 12 × 10-4 N m
(d) 2 × 106 N m
Ans:
(a)
Solution: Work energy theorem.

θ = 2π revolution
= 2π × 2π = 4π2 rad

Q2: Two particles A and B are moving in uniform circular motion in concentric circles of radii rA and rB with speed vA and vB respectively. Their time period of rotation is the same. The ratio of angular speed of A to that of B will be:    [2019]
(a) rA : rB
(b) vA : vB
(c) rB : rA
(d) 1 : 1
Ans:
(d)
Solution:

Q3: A disc of radius 2 m and mass 100 kg rolls on a horizontal floor. Its centre of mass has speed of 20 cm/s. How much work is needed to stop it?               [2019]
(a) 1 J
(b) 2 J
(c) 3 J
(d) 30 J
Ans:
(c)

Apply the law of conservation of energy,
Work required = change in kinetic energy
Since, final KE = 0

## 2018

Q1: Three objects, A : (a solid sphere), B : (a thin circular disk) and C = (a circular ring), each have the same mass M and radius R. They all spin with the same angular speed ω about their own symmetry axes. The amounts of work (W) required to bring them to rest, would satisfy the relation:-    [2018]
(a) WC > WB > WA
(b) WA > WB > WC
(c) WB > WA > WC
(d) WB > WA > WC
Ans:
(a)
Solution:

Q2: The moment of the force,  at (2, 0, –3), about the point (2, –2, –2), is given by:-    [2018]
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
Ans:
(d)
Solution:

Q3: A solid sphere is in rolling motion. In rolling motion a body possesses translational kinetic energy (Kt) as well as rotational kinetic energy (Kr) simultaneously. The ratio Kt : (Kt + Kr) for the sphere is    [2018]
(a) 7 : 10
(b) 5 : 7
(c) 10 : 7
(d) 2 : 5
Ans: (b)

Solution:

Q4: A solid sphere is rotating freely about its symmetry axis in free space. The radius of the sphere is increased keeping its mass same. Which of the following physical quantities would remain constant for the sphere ?    [2018]
(a) Angular velocity
(b) Moment of inertia
(c) Rotational kinetic energy
(d) Angular momentum
Ans: (d)

Solution:

## 2017

Q1: A rope is wound around a hollow cylinder of mass 3 kg and radius 40 cm. What is the angular acceleration of the cylinder if the rope is pulled with a force of 30 N ?    [2017]
(c) 5 m/s2
(d) 25 m/s2
Ans:
(b)
Solution:

Q2: Two discs of same moment of inertia rotating about their regular axis passing through centre and perpendicular to the plane of disc with angular velocities ω1 and ω2. They are brought into contact face to face coinciding the axis of rotation. The expression for loss of energy during this process is:-    [2017]
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
Ans: (a)

Solution:

Q3: Which of the following statements are correct ?    [2017]
(a) Centre of mass of a body always coincides with the centre of gravity of the body
(b) Central of mass of a body is the point at which the total gravitational torque on the body is zero
(c) A couple on a body produces both translational and rotation motion in a body
(d) Mechanical advantage greater than one means that small effort can be used to lift a large load
(a) (a) and (b)
(b) (b) and (c)
(c) (c) and (d)
(d) (b) and (d)
Ans:
(d)
Solution: Centre of mass may lie on centre of gravity net torque of gravitational pull is zero about centre of mass.

## 2016

Q1: From a disc of radius R and mass M1 a circular hole of diameter R1 whose rim passes through the centre is cut. What is the moment of inertia of the remaining part of the disc about at perpendicular axis, passing through the centre ?    [2016]
(a) 9MR2/32
(b) 15MR2/32
(c) 13MR2/32
(d) 11 MR2/32
Ans
: (c)
Solution:

Q2: A disk and a sphere of same radius but different masses roll off on two inclined planes of the same altitude and length. Which one of the two objects gets to the bottom of the plane first ?    [2016]
(a) Depends on their masses
(b) Disk
(c) Sphere
(d) both reach at the same time
Ans:
(c)
Solution: Time does not depend on mass, else

K2/R2 is least for sphere and hence least time is taken by sphere

Q3: A uniform circular disc of radius 50 cm at rest is free to turn about an axis which is perpendicular to its plane and passes through its centre. It is subjected to a torque which produces a constant angular acceleration of 2.0 rad s-2. Its net acceleration in ms-2 at the end of 2.0 s is approximately :    [2016]
(a) 3.0
(b) 8.0
(c) 7.0
(d) 6.0
Ans: (b)

Solution:
The angular speed of disc increases with time, and hence centripetal acceleration also increases.

Q4: A light rod of length l has two masses mand m2 attached to its two ends. The moment of inertia of the system about an axis perpendicular to the rod and passing through the centre of mass is       [2016]
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Ans: (a)

Q5: A solid sphere of mass m and radius R is rotating about its diameter. A solid cylinder of same mass and same radius is also rotating about its geometrical axis with an angular speed twice that of the sphere. The ratio of their kinetic energies of rotation (Esphere / Ecylinder) will be        [2016]
(a) 2 : 3
(b) 1 : 5
(c) 1 : 4
(d) 3 : 1
Ans:
(b)

## 2015

Q1: Three identical spherical shells, each of mass m and radius r are placed as shown in figure. Consider an axis XX' which is touching to two shells and passing through diameter of third shell. Moment of inertia of the system consisting of these three spherical shells about XX' axis is :    [2015]

(a) 4 mr2
(b) 11/5 mr2
(c) 3 mr2
(d) 16/5 mr2
Ans:
(a)
Solution:

Similarly the moment of inertia of the spherical shell C about the XX' axis is

Q2: A rod of weight W is supported by two parallel knife edges A and B and is in equilibrium in a horizontal position. The knives are at a distance d from each other. The centre of mass of the rod is at distance x from A. The normal reaction on A is       [2015]
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)
Ans:
(b)

Given situation is shown in figure.
N1 = Normal reaction on A
N2 = Normal reaction on B
W = Weight of the rod
In vertical equilibrium,
N1 + N2 = W …(i)
Torque balance about centre of mass of the rod,
N1x = N2(d – x)
Putting value of N2 from equation (i)
N1x = (W – N1)(d – x)
$⇒$ N1x = Wd – Wx – N1d + N1x
$⇒$ N1d = W(d – x)

Q3: Three identical spherical shells, each of mass m and radius r are placed as shown in figure. Consider an axis XX' which is touching to two shells and passing through diameter of third shell. Moment of inertia of the system consisting of these three spherical shells about XX' axis is      [2015]

(a) 16/5mr2
(b) 4mr2
(c) 11/5mr2
(d) 3mr2
Ans:
(b)
Net moment of inertia of the system,
I = I1 + I2 + I3
The moment of inertia of a shell about its diameter,

Q4: An automobile moves on a road with a speed of 54 km h$−$1. The radius of its wheels is 0.45 m and the moment of inertia of the wheel about its axis of rotation is 3 kg m2. If the vehicle is brought to rest in 15 s, the magnitude of average torque transmitted by its brakes to the wheel is
(a) 10.86 kg m2 s$−$2
(b) 2.86 kg m2 s$−$2
(c) 6.66 kg m2 s$−$2
(d) 8.58 kg m2 s$−$2
Ans:
(c)
Here, Speed of the automobile,

Radius of the wheel of the automobile, R = 0.45 m
Moment of inertia of the wheel about its axis of rotation, I = 3 kg m2
Time in which the vehicle brought to rest, t = 15 s
The initial angular speed of the wheel is

Q5: A force  is acting at a point . The value of αfor which angular momentum about origin is conserved is       [2015]
(a) Zero
(b) 1
(c) -1
(d) 2
Ans:
(c)
From Newton's second law for rotational motion,

## 2014

Q1: A solid cylinder of mass 50 kg and radius 0.5 m is free to rotate about the horizontal axis. A massless string is wound round the cylinder with one end attached to it and other hanging freely. Tension in the string required to produce an angular acceleration of 2 revolutions s−2 is:    [2014]
(a) 78.5 N
(b) 157 N
(c) 25 πN
(d) 50 N
Ans:
(a)
Solution:

Q2: The ratio of the accelerations for a solid sphere (mass ‘m’ and radius ‘R’) rolling down an incline of angle ‘θ’ without slipping and slipping down the incline without rolling is :    [2014]
(a) 2 : 5
(b) 7 : 5
(c) 5 : 7
(d) 2 :3
Ans:
(c)
Solution:

Q3: A body of mass (4m) is lying in x−y plane at rest. It suddenly explodes into three pieces. Two pieces, each of mass (m) move perpendicular to each other with equal speeds (ν). The total kinetic energy generated due to explosion is :    [2014]
(a) 2 mν2
(b) 4 mν2
(c) mν2
(d) 3/2 mν2
Ans:
(d)
Solution:

The document NEET Previous year questions (2014-2024): System of Particles & Rotational Motion | Physics Class 11 is a part of the NEET Course Physics Class 11.
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## Physics Class 11

102 videos|411 docs|121 tests

## FAQs on NEET Previous year questions (2014-2024): System of Particles & Rotational Motion - Physics Class 11

 1. What is the difference between linear motion and rotational motion in a system of particles?
Ans. In linear motion, an object moves in a straight line, while in rotational motion, an object spins around an axis. Linear motion involves movement from one point to another, while rotational motion involves movement around a central point.
 2. How does the moment of inertia affect the rotational motion of a system of particles?
Ans. The moment of inertia is a measure of an object's resistance to changes in its rotational motion. A higher moment of inertia means that more torque is required to produce the same angular acceleration, resulting in slower rotational motion.
 3. Can you explain the concept of angular momentum in the context of a system of particles in rotational motion?
Ans. Angular momentum is a property of a rotating object that is determined by its moment of inertia and angular velocity. It is conserved in the absence of external torques, meaning that the total angular momentum of a system remains constant.
 4. How does the distribution of mass affect the rotational motion of an object in a system of particles?
Ans. The distribution of mass in an object affects its moment of inertia, which in turn influences its rotational motion. Objects with mass concentrated near the axis of rotation have a lower moment of inertia and rotate faster compared to objects with mass distributed farther from the axis.
 5. What is the relationship between torque and angular acceleration in a system of particles undergoing rotational motion?
Ans. Torque is the rotational equivalent of force and is responsible for causing angular acceleration in a system of particles. The relationship between torque and angular acceleration is given by the equation Torque = Moment of Inertia x Angular Acceleration.

## Physics Class 11

102 videos|411 docs|121 tests

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