NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-2024): Waves

# NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-2024): Waves | Physics Class 11 PDF Download

## 2023

Q1: The ratio of frequencies of fundamental harmonic produced by an open pipe to that of closed pipe having the same length is      [2023]
(a) 1 : 2
(b) 2 : 1
(c) 1 : 3
(d) 3 : 1
Ans:
(b)

## 2022

Q1: If the initial tension on a stretched string is doubled, then the ratio of the initial and final speeds of a transverse wave along the string is            [2022]
(a) 1:2
(b) 1:1

(c) √2:1
(d) 1:√2
Ans: (d)

Q2: An organ pipe filled with a gas at 27C resonates at 400 Hz in its fundamental mode. If it is filled with the same gas at 90C, the resonance frequency at the same mode will be       [2022]
(a) 512 Hz
(b) 480 Hz
(c) 440 Hz
(d) 484 Hz
Ans:
(c)

## 2020

Q1: In a guitar, two strings A and B made of same material are slightly out of tune and produce beats of frequency 6 Hz. When tension in B is slightly decreased, the beat frequency increases to 7 Hz. If the frequency of A is 530 Hz, the original frequency of B will be :    [2020]
(a) 536 Hz
(b) 537 Hz
(c) 523 Hz
(d) 524 Hz
Ans:
(d)
Frequency of A = fA = 530 Hz, fB = ?

when Tension B ↓ then f↓, Beat Freq. ↑ to 7

so if fB = 524 then Beat ↑­ when fB
So fB = 524 Hz

Q2: The phase difference between the displacement and acceleration of a particle in a simple harmonic motion is:     [2020]
(b) zero
Ans:
(c)
for SHM acceleration and displacement both must have opposite direction
a = –ω2x  ∴ phase diff. is π
∴ x = A sin (ωt), a = -Aω2sinωt

## 2018

Q1: A tuning fork is used to produce resonance in a glass tube. The length of the air column in this tube can be adjusted by a variable piston. At room temperature of 27°C two successive resonances are produced at 20 cm and 73 cm column length. If the frequency of the tuning fork is 320 Hz, the velocity of sound in air at 27°C is:-    [2018]
(a) 330 m/s
(b) 339 m/s
(c) 350 m/s
(d) 300 m/s
Ans: (b)
Solution
:

Q2: The fundamental frequency in an open organ pipe is equal to the third harmonic of a closed organ pipe. If the length of the closed organ pipe is 20cm, the length of the open organ pipe is:-    [2018]
(a) 13.2 cm
(b) 8 cm
(c) 12.5 cm
(d) 16 cm
Ans:
(a)
Solution:

## 2017

Q1: The two nearest harmonics of a tube closed at one end and open at other end are 220 Hz and 260 Hz. What is the fundamental frequency of the system?    [2017]
(a) 20 Hz
(b) 30 Hz
(c) 40 Hz
(d) 10 Hz
Ans:
(a)
Solution:
Two successive frequencies of closed pipe

Q2: Two cars moving in opposite directions approach each other with speed of 22 m/s and 16.5 m/s respectively. The driver of the first car blows a horn having a a frequency 400 Hz. The frequency heard by the driver of the second car is [velocity of sound 340 m/s]:-    [2017]
(a) 361 Hz
(b) 411 Hz
(c) 448 Hz
(d) 350 Hz
Ans:
(c)
Solution:

## 2016

Q1: A siren emitting a sound of frequency 800 Hz moves away from an observer towards a cliff at a speed of 15 ms-1. Then, the frequency of sound that the observer hears in the echo reflected from the cliff is : (Take velocity of sound in air = 330 ms-1)    [2016]
(a) 885Hz
(b) 765 Hz
(c) 800 Hz
(d) 838 Hz
Ans:
(d)
Solution:

Since the observer and the wall are stationary so frequency of echo observed by the observer will also be 838 Hz.

Q2: An air column, closed at one end and open at the other, resonantes with a tuning fork when the smallest length of the column is 50 cm. The next larger length of the column resonating with the same tuning fork is:    [2016]
(a) 200 cm
(b) 66.7 cm
(c) 100 cm
(d) 150 cm
Ans:
(d)
Solution:
The smallest length of the air column is associated with the fundamental mode of vibration of the air column.

The next higher length of the air column is,

Q3: A uniform rope of length L and mass m1 hangs vertically from a rigid support. A block of mass m2 is attached to the free end of the rope. A transverse pulse of wavelength λ1 is produced at the lower end of the rope. The wavelength of the pulse when it reaches the top of the rope is λ2. The ratio λ12 is :    [2016]
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
Ans:
(c)
Solution:

Q4: The second overtone of an open organ pipe has the same frequency as the first overtone of a closed pipe L metre long. The length of the open pipe will be        [2016]
(a) L
(b) 2L
(c)L/2
(d) 4L
Ans:
(b)
Second overtone of an open organ pipe

Q5: Three sound waves of equal amplitudes have frequencies (n − 1), n, (n + 1). They superimpose to give beats. The number of beats produced per second will be                [2016]
(a) 1
(b) 4
(c) 3
(d) 2
Ans:
(d)
(n – 1) and (n + 1) suppose to form frequency n
n and n will be at resonance
n – 1 and n produce 1 beat
n + 1 and n produce 1 beat
∴  Number of beats formed are ‘2’

## 2015

Q1: The fundamental frequency of a closed organ pipe of length 20 cm is equal to the second overtone of an organ pipe open at both the ends. The length of organ pipe open at both the ends is:    [2015]
(a) 140 cm
(b) 80 cm
(c) 100 cm
(d) 120 cm
Ans:
(d)
Solution:
For closed organ pipe fundamental frequency

For open organ pipe fundamental frequency

Q2: A string is stretched between fixed points separated by 75.0 cm. It is observed to have resonant frequencies of 420 Hz and 315 Hz. There are no other resonant frequencies between these two. The lowest resonant frequency for this string is     [2015]
(a) 10.5 Hz
(b) 105 Hz
(c) 155 Hz
(d) 205 Hz
Ans:
(b)
In a stretched string all multiples of frequencies can be obtained i.e., if fundamental frequency is n then higher frequencies will be 2n, 3n, 4n

So, the difference between any two successive frequencies will be 'n'
According to question, n = 420 – 315 = 105Hz
So the lowest frequency of the string is 105 Hz.

Q3: 4.0 g of a gas occupies 22.4 litres at NTP. The specific heat capacity of the gas at constant volume is 5.0 J K$−$1 mol$−$1. If the speed of sound in this gas at NTP is 952 m s$−$1, then the heat capacity at constant pressure is      [2015]
(Take gas constant R $=$ 8.3 J K$−$1 mol$−$1)
(a) 7.0 J K$−$1 mol$−$1
(b) 8.5 J K$−$1 mol$−$1
(c) 8.0 J K$−$1 mol$−$1
(d) 7.5 J K$−$1 mol$−$1
Ans:
(c)
Molar mass of the gas = 4g/mol
Speed of sound

Q4: A source of sound S emitting waves of frequency 100 Hz and an observer O are located at some distance from each other. The source is moving with a speed of 19.4 m s$−$1 at an angle of 60o with the source observer line as shown in the figure. The observer is at rest. The apparent frequency observed by the observer (velocity of sound in air 330 m s$−$1), is

(a) 106 Hz
(b) 97 Hz
(c)100 Hz
(d) 103 Hz
Ans:
(d)
Here, original frequency of sound, f0 = 100 Hz
Speed of source Vs = 19.4 cos 60° = 9.7

From Doppler's formula

## 2014

Q1: If n1, n2, and n3 are the fundamental frequencies of three segments into which a string is divided, then the original fundamental frequency n of the string is given by:    [2014]
(a)

(b) n = n1 + n2 + n3
(c)

(d)
Ans: (c)
Solution:

Q2: The number of possible natural oscillations of air column in a pipe closed at one end of length 85 cm whose frequencies lie below 1250 Hz are : (velocity of sound = 340 ms−1)    [2014]
(a) 7
(b) 6
(c) 4
(d) 5
Ans: (b)
Solution:

Q3: A speeding motorcyclist sees traffic jam ahead of him. He slows down to 36 km/hour. He finds that traffic has eased and a car moving ahead of him at 18 km/hour is honking at a frequency of 1392 Hz. If the speed of sound is 343 m/s, the frequency of the honk as heard by him will be:    [2014]
(a) 1412 Hz
(b) 1454 Hz
(c) 1332 Hz
(d) 1372 Hz
Ans:
(a)
Solu
tion:

There is no Question for NEET 2021

The document NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-2024): Waves | Physics Class 11 is a part of the NEET Course Physics Class 11.
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## Physics Class 11

102 videos|411 docs|121 tests

## FAQs on NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-2024): Waves - Physics Class 11

 1. What is the difference between transverse and longitudinal waves?
Ans. Transverse waves are waves in which the particles of the medium move perpendicular to the direction of the wave, while longitudinal waves are waves in which the particles of the medium move parallel to the direction of the wave.
 2. How does frequency affect the properties of a wave?
Ans. Frequency affects the pitch of a sound wave and the color of light. Higher frequencies correspond to higher pitches and colors, while lower frequencies correspond to lower pitches and colors.
 3. What is the relationship between wavelength and wave speed?
Ans. The wave speed is equal to the wavelength multiplied by the frequency of the wave. This relationship is described by the equation: wave speed = wavelength x frequency.
 4. How does amplitude impact the energy of a wave?
Ans. The amplitude of a wave is directly proportional to the energy it carries. A wave with a larger amplitude carries more energy than a wave with a smaller amplitude.
 5. How does the medium through which a wave travels affect its speed?
Ans. The speed of a wave is dependent on the properties of the medium through which it travels. For example, sound waves travel faster in solids than in gases due to the denser medium.

## Physics Class 11

102 videos|411 docs|121 tests

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