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Worksheet - Reported Speech | English An Alien Hand Class 7 PDF Download

1. There are two different ways in which we can report the words of a speaker:
(a) Direct Speech or Direct Narration.
(b) Indirect Speech or Indirect Narration.

2.
(a) Direct Speech contains the actual words of the speaker ; as -
Sarla said, “My father has a roaring business in Mumbai.”
He said to me, “/ am feeling unwell today.”
In these sentences, actual words of the speaker are given within inverted commas without any change.
(b) Indirect Speech gives the substance of the speaker’s actual words and not the exact words spoken by him or her ; as -
Sarla said that her father had a roaring business in Mumbai He told me that he was feeling unwell that day.

3. The actual words of the speaker, given within ‘inverted commas’ are called the Reported Speech. In the same way, the Verb which introduces the Reported Speech is called the Reporting Verb.
In the sentence above ‘said’ is the Reporting Verb and ‘My father has a roaring business in Mumbai’ is the Reported Speech.
Reporting Verb and Reported Speech
Look at the following sentences :
Radha says, “I shall finish my home-work today.”
Sushma said to Pushpa, “Show me your dolls.”
The verbs ‘says and said’ in the above sentences are ‘Reporting Verbs’.
The exact words of the speaker given within the inverted commas are ‘Reported Speech’.,

4. Here are some distinctive points regarding the Direct Speech and Indirect Speech :
In the Direct Speech
i. The Reported Speech is put within Reported (Inverted) Commas.
ii. The Reported Speech and the Reporting Verb are separated by a Comma.
iii. The first word of the Reported Speech begins with a capital letter.
Transformation of Direct Speech into Indirect Speech Ruuds for the Change of Tense

Ride I. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the Tense of the Verb in the Reported Speech does not change.
1. Direct: Rajesh says, “She has brought fame to her family.”
Indirect: Indirect: Rajesh says that she has brought fame to her family.
2. Direct: Rohit has said, “I cannot displease my friend.”
Indirect: Rohit has said that he cannot displease his friend.
3. Direct: I shall say, “I went to Agra on Monday.”
Indirect: I shall say that I went to Agra on Monday.
4. Direct: She will say, “I have sent him a present.”
Indirect: She will say that she has sent him a present.

Rule II. If the Reporting Verb is in the Past Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech must be changed into the corresponding Past Tense.
1. Direct: I said, “I am speaking the truth.”
Indirect: I said that I was speaking the truth.
2. Direct: The teacher said, “Boys fail because they do not study regularly.”
Indirect: The teacher said that boys Jailed because they did not study regularly.


Exception to Rule II

(i) If there is a Universal Truth or Habitual fact in the Reported Speech, the Tense of the verb is never changed ; as - 
1. Direct: He said, “Face is the index of mind.” (Proverbial truth)
Indirect: He said that face is the index of mind.
2. Direct: The teacher said, “The earth rotates round its axis.” (Geographical truth)
Indirect: The teacher said that the earth rotates round its axis.
3. Direct: Horatius said, “Death comes sooner or later.” (Universal truth)
Indirect: Horatius said that death comes sooner or later.

(ii) The Tense of the Verb in the Reported Speech does not change if the reported speech states a past historical fact; as -
1. Direct:
He said, “India became free on 15th August, 1947.”
Indirect: He said that India became free on 15th August, 1947.
2. Direct: She said, “Her father lived at Lahore for ten years.”
Indirect: She said that her father lived at Lahore for ten years.

(iii) If two such actions are given in the Reported Speech which take place at the same time, the Past Indefinite or Continuous Tense does not change.
Direct:
He said, “Mohan was singing a song while Gopal was playing on a flute.”
Indirect: He said that Mohan was singing a song while Gopal was playing on a flute.

Examples:
1. Direct: She said, “I am a top-class singer.”
Indirect: She said that she was a top-class singer.
2. Direct: We said, “He is writing a poem.”
Indirect: We said that he was writing a poem.
3. Direct: He said, “It may rain tonight.”
Indirect: He said that it might rain that night.
4. Direct: He said, “A devil ever remains a devil.”
Indirect: He said that a devil ever remains a devil.

The future tense of the reported speech is changed as under :
Future Indefinite - would/ should
Future Continuous - would/should be
Future Perfect - would/ should have
Future Perfect Continuous - would/should have been

Examples
1. Direct:
You said, “He is a very good athlete.”
Indirect: You said that he was a very good athlete.
2. Direct: I said, “I have finished my work.”
Indirect: I said that I had finished my work.
3. Direct: He said, “Her parents will pay a visit to Delhi.”
Indirect: He said that her parents would pay a visit to Delhi.
4. Direct: She said, ‘You will be helping me.”
Indirect: She said that I/he/we/they would be helping her.
5. Direct: They said, “We shall have won the race.”
Indirect: They said that they would have won the race.
6. Direct: We said, “We shall have been swimming since morning.”
Indirect: We said that we would have been swimming since morning.

Interrogative Sentences Conversion Of Interrogative Sentences From Direct Into Indirect

 Rules :
 1. The Reporting Verb is changed, into ‘ask, enquire, inquire or demand! etc.
 2. No conjunction is used to introduce the Reported Speech if the question begins with (an interrogative) word ; such as—what, who, whose, which, when, where, why, how, whom etc.
 3. If or whether is used to introduce the Reported Speech if the reported speech has no question word.
 4. Change the questions into statements. Put Jull stop in place of mark of interrogation (?).


Examples
(a) Questions beginning with a Helping Verb
1. Direct: He said to her, “Shall I accompany you to Agra ?”
Indirect: He asked her if he would (should) accompany her to Agra.
2. Direct: She said to him, “Had I been absenting myself from school for a month ?”
Indirect: She asked him if she had been absenting herself from school for a month.
3. Direct: He said to us, “Has she been spinning since yesterday ?”
Indirect: He asked us if she had been spinning since the previous day.
4. Direct: They said to you, “Shall we be going on picnic tomorrow ?”
Indirect: They asked you if they would be going on picnic the next day.
5. Direct: I said to her, “Will you have ironed your clothes ?”
Indirect: I asked her if she would have ironed her clothes.

(b) Sentences having ‘Yes’ or ‘No’
1. Direct:
“Are there any more flies ?” He asked. “Yes, sir,” said the peon.
Indirect: He asked the peon if there mere any more files. The peon replied respectfully in affirmative.
2. Direct: The teacher said to Lila, “Did you break the window pane ?” “No, sir,” said
Lila, “I did not.”
Indirect: The teacher asked Lila if she had broken the window pane. Lila respectfully replied that she hadn’t.
3. Direct: “If you find my answers satisfactory, mill you give me five rupees ?” said the astrologer. “No,” replied the customer.
Indirect: The astrologer asked the customer whether he would give him five rupees if he found his answers satisfactory. The customer replied in negative.
4. Direct: I said to him, “Do you want to go to Chandigarh ?” He said, “No, sir.”
Indirect: I asked him if he wanted to go to Chandigarh. He respectfully said that he didn’t.
5. Direct: He said to me, “Does Mohan still play ?” I said, “Yes, sir.”
Indirect: He asked me if Mohan still played and I replied in positive.

(c) Questions beginning with Interrogative Words
1. Direct: He said to me, “Whom does she want to contact ?”
Indirect: He asked me whom she wanted to contact..
2. Direct: They said to her, “Whose house are you purchasing ?” They asked her whose house she was purchasing.
Indirect: You said to him “Why are you making mischief ?”
3. Direct: You asked him why he was making mischief.
Indirect: They said to us, “How have you solved this sum ?” They asked us how we had solved that sum.
4. Direct: We said to them, “Who has misguided you ?”
Indirect: We asked them who had misguided them.

(d) Questions beginning with modal auxiliaries
1. Direct:
I said to him, “May Sunita come in to discuss with you something ?”
Indirect: I asked him if Sunita might come in to discuss with him something.
2. Direct: The traveller said to me, “Can you tell me the way to the nearest inn ?”
Indirect: The traveller asked me if I could tell him the way to the nearest inn.
3. Direct: He said to me, “Must I leave for Mumbai tomorrow ?”
Indirect: He asked me if he had to leave for Mumbai the next day.
4. Direct: I said to her, “Could you give me your notes ?”
Indirect: I asked her if she could give me her notes.
5. Direct: I said to him, “Need I go to him ?”
Indirect: I asked him if I had to go to him.


Exercise 1

Q.1. Convert the following sentences into Indirect Speech :
(A) He said to her, “Do you want to go home ?”
Ans.
He asked her if she wanted to go home.

(B) He said to you, “Where Eire you going ?”
Ans. 
He asked you where you were going.

(C) I said to him, “What brings you here ?”
Ans.
I asked him what brought him there.

(D) You said to us, “How do you solve this sum ?”
Ans.
You asked us how we solved that sum.

(E) She said to me, “How Eire you getting on with your studies ?”
Ans. 
She asked me how I was getting on with my studies.

(F) I said to my friend, “Have you been to England ?”
Ans.
I asked my friend if he had been to England.

Q.2. Convert the following sentences into Indirect Speech :
(A) She said to me, “Who taught you English ?”
Ans.
She asked me who had taught me English.

(B) He said to his mother, “Why did you not wash my school dress ?”
Ans. 
He asked his mother why she had not washed his school dress.

(C) The mother said to the child, “Did you have your breakfast ?”
Ans.
The mother asked the child if he had his breakfast.

(D) Anil said to his sister, “How did you fare in the interview ?”
Ans.
Anil asked his sister how she had fared in the interview.

(E) The policeman asked me, “Had the thief stolen your watch ?”
Ans.
The policeman asked me if the thief had stolen my watch.


Exercise 2

Q.3. Change the following into indirect speech :
(A) He said to me, “I have often told you not to play with me.”
Ans. 
He told me that he had often told me not to play with him.

(B) They wrote, “It is time we thought about settling this matter.”
Ans. 
They wrote that it was time they (had) thought about settling that matter.

(C) The teacher promised me, “If you come to school tomorrow, I will explain it.”
Ans. 
The teacher promised to me that he would explain it if I went to school the following day.

(D) “What do you want ?” he said to her.
Ans. 
He asked her what she wanted.

(E) He said to me, “How’s your father ?”
Ans. 
He enquired about my father. Or He enquired how my father was.

(F) “Don’t you know the way home ?” asked I.
Ans. 
I asked if he did not know the way home.

(G) “Do you really come from China ?” said the prince.
Ans. 
The Prince asked him if he really came from China.

(H) “Sit down, boys,” said the teacher.
Ans. 
The teacher asked the boys to sit down.

(I) “Run away, children,” said the mother.
Ans. 
The mother asked the children to run away.


Exercise 3

Q.4. The following passage has not been edited. There is an error in each line. Write the error along with the correction. Do not forget to underline the error.
(A) Her mother told her that you must go straight to (a) _______
Ans. 
You—she

(B) Your grandmother. There was a wolf (b) _______
Ans. 
Your—her

(C) In the wood through which she are (c) _______
Ans. 
Are—was

(D) Going. But if she keep the road, he (d) _______
Ans. 
Keep—kept

(E) Will not do any harm. The mother (e) _______
Ans. 
Will—would

(F) Asked her to do as she told her. (f) _______
Ans. 
Told—had told


Exercise 4

Q.5. Each of the pair of sentences given below is a dialogue between a man and a woman. Change each pair into one simple sentence. Complete the answers. The first one has been done as an example.

Ques 1. “Shall we get married ?” “Yes, let us.”
Ans.
They decided to get married.

Ques 2. “Please help me”. “O.K.”
Ans.
She agreed

Ques 3. “May I help you ?” “No, thanks.”
Ans.
His offer of help

Ques 4. “Let’s meet after the class.” “O.K. fine.”
Ans. 
They arranged

Ques 5. “What’s your name ?” “I won’t tell you”.
Ans. 
She refused

Ques 6. “I have stood first.” “Congratulations”.
Ans.
She congratulated


Multiple Choice Questions

Read the statements given below and choose the correct option
I. Identify as directed :
Ques 1. The sentence which contains Reporting verb :
(i) You are my friend
(ii) He said to me
(iii) I am fond of oranges
(iv) Radha can walk
Ans.
(iii) I am fond of oranges

Ques 2. The Indirect speech :
(i) I cannot run
(ii) You cannot run
(iii) That he could not run
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans.
(iii) That he could not run

Ques 3. Find the correct sentence :
(i) He asked his friend where was he putting up.
(ii) He asked his friend where he was putting up.
(iii) He asked his friend where he is putting up.
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans.
(ii) He asked his friend where he was putting up.

II. Fill in the blank :
Ques 4. The customer asked the man
(i) If he can lend the umbrella
(ii) If he would lend him the umbrella
(iii) If he will lend him the umbrella
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans.
(ii) If he would lend him the umbrella

Ques 5. He said
(i) To go to the market
(ii) “Go to the market.”
(iii) He could go to the market
(iv) Both (i) and (it)
Ans.
(ii) “Go to the market.”

III. Choose the correct option :
Ques 6.
(i) India had become free in 1947.
(ii) India was free in 1947.
(iii) India became free in 1947.
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans. 
(iii) India became free in 1947.

Ques 7.
(i) The boy asked Hari when would he see the Principal.
(ii) The boy asked Hari when he would see the Principal.
(iii) The boy asked Hari when will he see the Principal.
(iv) The boy asked Hari when he will see the Principal.
Ans. 
(ii) The boy asked Hari when he would see the Principal.

Ques 8.
(i) He said me if I felt better.
(ii) He said to me if I felt better.
(iii) He asked me if I felt better.
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans
. (iii) He asked me if I felt better.

Ques 9.
(i) The boy said to the teacher good morning.
(ii) The boy said to the teacher that he wished him good morning.
(iii) The boy respectfully wished the teacher good morning.
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)
Ans.
(iii) The boy respectfully wished the teacher good morning.

Ques 10. “I missed the school bus”
(i) He said that he had missed the school bus.
(ii) He said that he missed the school bus.
(iii) He said that he has missed the school bus.
(iv) both (ii) and (iii).
Ans. (i)
He said that he had missed the school bus.

IV. Sentences are given in direct speech. Change them into indirect speech.
1. The teacher said to the boys, ‘Have you done your homework?’
Ans.
The teacher asked the boys if they had done their homework.

2. The little girl asked the man, ‘Will you help me?’
Ans.
The little girl asked the man if he would help her.

3. Janaki said, ‘I have been reading this book.’
Ans.
Janaki said that she had been reading that book.

4. Mother said to the daughter, ‘Go and change your dress.’
Ans.
Mother told the daughter to go and change her dresses.

5. Susie said, ‘I had read this book before I gave it to you.’
Ans.
Susie said that she had read that book before she gave it to me.

6. Mike said, ‘I will bring my piano.’
Ans.
Mike said that he would bring his piano.

7. The officer told the clerk, ‘Bring me that file.’
Ans.
The officer told the clerk to bring him that file.

8. Jane asked, ‘Have you read that book?’
Ans.
Jane asked if I had read that book.

9. Malathi asked, ‘Where is your watch?’
Ans.
Malathi asked where my watch was.

10. Sophia said, ‘I watched this movie last week.’
Ans.
Sophia said that she had watched that movie the previous week.

11. Mother asked, ‘What is the matter?’
Ans.
Mother asked what the matter was.

12. Shyam said, ‘I can solve this problem.’
Ans. 
Shyam said that he could solve that problem.

The document Worksheet - Reported Speech | English An Alien Hand Class 7 is a part of the Class 7 Course English An Alien Hand Class 7.
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FAQs on Worksheet - Reported Speech - English An Alien Hand Class 7

1. What is reported speech?
Ans. Reported speech, also known as indirect speech, is a way of expressing someone else's words, thoughts, or ideas without quoting them directly. In reported speech, we usually change the tense, pronouns, and other grammatical aspects of the original statement to fit the context.
2. How do you change a direct speech into reported speech?
Ans. To change a direct speech into reported speech, we need to: 1. Change the pronouns to match the subject and object of the reported speech. 2. Change the tense of the verbs to reflect the change in time. 3. Change adverbs of time and place to match the new context. 4. Introduce reporting verbs such as "said," "told," or "asked" to indicate the speech act.
3. What are the common reporting verbs used in reported speech?
Ans. Common reporting verbs used in reported speech include "said," "told," "asked," "exclaimed," "advised," "warned," "promised," "offered," and "suggested." These verbs help to attribute the speech act to the original speaker and set the tone and context of the reported speech.
4. Do we change the pronouns in reported speech?
Ans. Yes, we change the pronouns in reported speech. The pronouns in the reported speech are changed to match the subject and object of the reported speech. For example, if the direct speech is "I am going to the store," in reported speech, it could be "He said he was going to the store."
5. Can we use any tense in reported speech?
Ans. No, we cannot use any tense in reported speech. Generally, the tense of the verb changes in reported speech to reflect the change in time from the original statement. For example, if the original statement was in the present tense, it would usually change to the past tense in reported speech. However, some tenses may remain the same in reported speech depending on the context and intention of the speaker.
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