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Articles are a type of determiners. The term determiner covers several classes of words which includes Definite and Indefinite Articles, the Demonstratives and Adjectives of indefinite number and quantity, numerals and possessives. Determiners identify or specify a noun in various ways, for example, by making it definite (the child), indefinite (a child) or by indicating quantity or amount (many/three/some children) etc. Here we will discuss only the Definite and Indefinite Articles.

A, An and The are called articles. ‘A’ and ‘An’ are Indefinite articles as they are used indefinitely before countable common nouns singular numbers. ‘A’ is used with nouns beginning with consonants or consonant sound whereas ‘ An’ is used with vowels or vowel sound.
→ A man an egg
→ An hour (vowel sound) a union (consonant sound)
→ 'The' is Definite article as it points out some particular person or thing.
→ That is the umbrella I want.
→ This is the hotel where we stay.
→ The cow gives us milk.
→ The man whom I met was very helpful.


(i) It is used before a word beginning with a consonant; as
Ans. A boy, a girl, a table, a year.

(ii) It is used before the word ‘one’ that begins with the consonant sound of ‘was’; as
Ans. A one-eyed man, a one-rupee note

(iv) It is used before such ‘u’ when it sounds on yu;as
Ans. A useful animal, a European, a university.

USE OF  ‘An’

(i) It is used before words beginning with a vowel; as
Ans. An aeroplane, an elephant, an inkpot, an orange, an umbrella.

(ii) It is used before words beginning with a ‘h’ when it is silent; as
Ans. An honest man, an hour.

(iii) It is used before words beginning with consonants having vowel sound; as
Ans. An M.P., an M.L.A., an F.I.R., an M. Sc., an x-ray.

USE OF ‘The’

(i)  It is used before a particular person or thing; as

  • The students of this class are very punctual.
  • Did Reeta get the job she applied for?
  • This is the boy I met yesterday.
  • Let us go to the park.

(ii)  It is used to denote a whole class or kind; as

  • The dog is a faithful animal.
  • The horse runs fast.
  • The tiger is young.

(iii) It is used before common nouns which are names of things unique of then- kind; as

  • The sun shines in the sky.
  • The earth moves round the sun.
  • The moon is round today.
  • The world is beautiful.

(iv) It is used before the names of directions, the dates of months; as

  • The sun rises in the east.
  • The sun sets in the west.
  • I joined my job on the 10th of November.

(v) It is used before the superlative degrees of an adjective; as

  • Raman is the best boy in the class.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state of India.

(vi) It is used before the names of oceans, rivers, gulfs, seas, mountain ranges and groups of islands; as

  • Patna is situated on the bank of the Ganga.
  • The Indian ocean is lying to the south of India.
  • The Andamans lie in the east of India.
  • The Persion Gulf countries have become wealthy.
  • The Bay of Bengal lies in the west of India.

(vii) It is used before the names of races or nations; as

  • The Indians are found in almost all the countries.
  • The English exploited the Indians.
  • The Muslims keep fast during the Ramzan.
  • Holi is a festival of the Hindus.

(viii) It is used before the names of newspapers, religious books, famous buildings, ships, historical events; as

  • I read the Times of India daily.
  • The Ramayana is the holy book of the Hindus.
  • The Taj is famous for’ its beauty. .
  • The Titanic got its tragic end.

(ix)  It is used before Proper nouns, Material nouns and Abstract nouns to make them Common nouns: as

  • Kalidas is the Shakespeare of India.
  • He is the Tagore of Hindi poetry.
  • The water of this well is fresh.
  • The gold of this ring is pure.

(x) It is used before the musical instruments; as

  • Rehman plays the harmonium.
  • Richa plays the violin.

(xi) It is used before the inventions; as

  • The telephone is very useful.
  • Who invented the radio?

(xii) It is used before the parts of the body; as

  • He got injury in the head.
  • The rod hit him in the back.

(xiii) It is used before the political parties; as

  • The Congress Party, The Communist Party


Article is omitted before-Article is omitted before-
(i) Proper Nouns; as

  • Kolkata, India, Ruchika, Mt. Everest, Sunday, January.Note: But we say the Punjab, the USA, the Deccan

(ii) Arts and Sciences; as

  • My favourite subject is Science.
  • I like painting.

(iii) Names of materials; as

  • Her saree is made of cotton.
  • Gold is costly.
  • Note: But we say:
  • The tea of Assam is very popular.

(iv) Abstract nouns used in general sense; as

  • Honesty is the best policy.
  • Health is better than wealth.


Q.1. Some of these sentences are right, but some of them need a/an. Put in a/an where necessary. Write ok if the sentence is already correct.
(i) I have not got watch.
A watch

(ii) Do you like cheese?
Ans. Ok 

(iii) Reena never wears hat.
Ans. A hat

(iv) Are you looking for job?
Ans. A job

(v) I am going to party tonight.
Ans. a party

(vi) Music is wonderful thing.
Ans. A wonderful thing

(vii) Jamaica is island.
Ans. An island.

(viii) I don’t need key.
Ans. A key

(ix) Everybody needs food.
Ans. Ok

(x) I have good idea.
Ans. A good idea

(xi) Can you drive car?
Ans. A car

(xii) Do you want cup of coffee?
Ans. A cup of coffee

(xiii) I don’t like coffee without milk.
Ans. Ok

(xiv) Don’t go out without umbrella.
Ans. An umbrella


(i) We enjoyed our holiday ________ hotel was very nice,

(ii) Can I ask ________ question?

(iii)  You look very tired. You need ________ holiday.

(iv) 'Where is Om? ‘He is in ________ bathroom.’

(v) Rita ________ is interesting person. You must meet her

(vi) A: Excuse me, can you tell me how to ________ get to city centre?
B: Yes, go straight on and then take ________ next turning left.
Ans. The, the

(vii) A: Shall we go out for ________ meal this evening?

B: Yes, that is ________ good idea.
Ans. A, a

(viii) It is ________ nice morning. Let us go for ________ walk.
Ans. A, a

(ix) Sushma is ________ student. When she finishes her studies, she wants to be ________ journalist.
Ans. A, a 

(x) Sushma lives with two friends in ________ flat near ________ college where she is studying ________ flat is small but she likes it.
Ans. A, the, The

(xi) Rakesh and Reena have got two children, ________  boy and ________ girl ________ boy is ten years old and ________ girl is three.
A, a, The, the

(xii) Mohan works in ________ factory. Meeta has not got ________ job at the moment.
Ans. A, a.

(xiii) ________ man and ________ woman were sitting opposite me ________ man was American but I think ________ woman was British.


Put in a/an or the wherever necessary.
(i) Don’t forget to turn off light when you go Out.
Don’t forget to turn off the light when you go out.

(ii) Enjoy your holiday and don’t forget to send me post card.
Enjoy your holiday and don’t forget to send me a postcard.

(iii) What is name of this village?
What is the name of this village?

(iv) Canada is very big country.
Canada is a very big country. 

(v) Which is largest city in Canada?
Which is the largest city in Canada?

(vi) I like this room but I don’t like colour of carpet.
I like this room but I don’t like the colour of the carpet.

(vii) ‘Are you OK?’ ‘No, I have got headache’.
Are you OK? ‘No, I have got a headache’.

(viii) We live in old house near station.
We live in an old house near the station. 

(ix) What is name of director of film we saw last night?
What is the name of the director of the film we saw last night?


(i) My father is ________ M.A. in ________ mathematics.
An, X

(ii) Mumbai is ________ London of India.
Ans. X, the

(iii) We are going to ________ cinema.
Ans. The

(iv) Yesterday I met ________ European playing with ________ boy.
Ans. A, a

(v) I have got ________ headache.
Ans. A

(vi) ________ Ganga is ________ holy river.
Ans. The, a

(vii) ________ Quran is read by ________ Muslims.
Ans. The, the

(viii) Rohit is ________ unique boy.
Ans. A

(ix) He is ________ most intelligent boy in the class.
Ans. The

(x) I know how to play ________ sitar.
Ans. The

(xi) I live in ________ Delhi.
Ans. X

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FAQs on Worksheet (Part - 1) - Articles - English An Alien Hand Class 7

1. What is an article?
Ans. An article is a word that is used to introduce a noun and specify its scope. In English grammar, articles are classified as definite (the) or indefinite (a, an). They help to indicate whether we are talking about a specific or non-specific noun.
2. What is the function of an article in a sentence?
Ans. The main function of an article in a sentence is to provide information about the noun that follows it. It helps to determine whether the noun is specific or non-specific, and also provides clues about the noun's number and gender.
3. What are the different types of articles?
Ans. There are three types of articles: definite article (the), indefinite articles (a, an), and zero article. The definite article "the" is used to refer to a specific noun, while indefinite articles "a" and "an" are used to refer to non-specific nouns. The zero article is used when no article is needed before the noun.
4. When should we use the definite article "the"?
Ans. We use the definite article "the" when we are referring to a specific noun that is already known to the speaker and listener. It is used before singular and plural nouns, as well as before proper nouns that are unique or specific.
5. Can we omit articles in a sentence?
Ans. Yes, we can omit articles in certain cases. The omission of articles is known as the zero article. It is used in general statements, with plural and uncountable nouns, before certain types of proper nouns, and in some fixed expressions and idioms.
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