In states, the Governor is the representative of the President, though the real executive power is with the Chief Minister along with his Council of Ministers. For a given state, the Council of Ministers is collectively responsible for the elected legislative assembly of the state. The Constitution administers the sharing of legislative power between Parliament and the State Legislatures. The Parliament has the power to amend the Constitution.
Politics of India take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary multi-party representative democratic republic modeled after the British Westminster System. The Prime Minister of India is the head of government, while the President of India is the formal head of state and holds substantial reserve powers, placing him or her in approximately the same position as the British monarch.
Executive power is exercised by the government. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament of India. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
|1. What is the political system in India?
|2. What is coalition politics in India?
|3. How does coalition politics affect governance in India?
|4. What are the advantages of coalition politics in India?
|5. What are the challenges faced by coalition governments in India?