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RECONSTITUTION OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION COUNCIL

Why in News

In the backdrop of due Ayodhya verdict, the reconstitution of the National Integration Council (NIC) has gained prominence.

National Integration Council

• It is an extra-constitutional body.

• Chaired by: Prime Minister of India.

• Composition: Council members include Cabinet ministers, Chief Ministers of states, political leaders, Chairman of the University Grants Commission, Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, representatives of industry, business and trade unions.

• Background: The NIC was constituted to combat the evils of communalism, casteism, regionalism, and linguism as a follow up of National Integration Conference held under the chairmanship of the then Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961.

  • The main task of the council is to examine the problem of national integration in all its aspects and make necessary recommendations to deal with it.

• Meetings: Sixteen meetings of NIC have been held till 2019.

  • First meeting of NIC took place in 1962.
  • The last meeting of the NIC took place in September 2013 which passed resolution on maintaining communal harmony and ending discrimination by condemning atrocities on Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
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FAQs on Laxmikanth Summary: Reconstitution of National Integration Council - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What is the reconstitution of the National Integration Council?
Ans. The reconstitution of the National Integration Council refers to the process of reviving or renewing the composition and structure of the council. The National Integration Council is a forum established in India to promote national integration and address issues related to communal harmony and social cohesion.
2. What is the purpose of the National Integration Council?
Ans. The purpose of the National Integration Council is to bring together representatives from various political parties, states, and union territories to discuss and deliberate on matters of national importance, particularly those related to social harmony and integration. It aims to provide a platform for dialogue and consensus-building among diverse stakeholders.
3. How does the reconstitution of the National Integration Council impact national integration efforts?
Ans. The reconstitution of the National Integration Council has the potential to reinvigorate national integration efforts by ensuring the inclusion of relevant stakeholders and their perspectives. By bringing together individuals from different backgrounds and affiliations, it promotes dialogue, understanding, and collaborative problem-solving, thereby contributing to the overall goal of fostering national integration.
4. Who is responsible for the reconstitution of the National Integration Council?
Ans. The reconstitution of the National Integration Council is typically the responsibility of the central government in India. The government appoints members to the council, including representatives from political parties, states, union territories, and other relevant stakeholders. The composition and structure of the council may vary based on the government's priorities and objectives.
5. What are the expected outcomes of the National Integration Council's reconstitution?
Ans. The reconstitution of the National Integration Council is expected to facilitate meaningful discussions, policy formulation, and collaborative initiatives aimed at strengthening national integration and fostering communal harmony. It seeks to address issues related to social cohesion, religious tolerance, and equitable development, ultimately contributing to a more inclusive and united society.
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