FAQs on NCERT Summary: Forest & Wildlife Resources - Geography for UPSC CSE
|1. What is biodiversity or biological diversity?
Ans. Biodiversity, also known as biological diversity, refers to the variety of all living organisms on Earth, including plants, animals, and microorganisms. It encompasses the different ecosystems they inhabit and the genetic diversity within each species. Biodiversity is essential for the ecological balance and sustainability of the planet.
|2. What is the significance of flora and fauna in India?
Ans. India is known for its rich and diverse flora and fauna. The country is home to numerous species of plants and animals, many of which are endemic and found nowhere else in the world. The preservation of flora and fauna is crucial for maintaining a healthy ecosystem, providing ecological services such as pollination, pest control, and nutrient cycling. Additionally, India's wildlife and natural landscapes attract tourists, contributing to the economy through ecotourism.
|3. How does India conserve its forests and wildlife?
Ans. India has implemented various measures for the conservation of forests and wildlife. These include the establishment of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves to protect and preserve habitats for flora and fauna. The government has also enacted laws and regulations to prevent illegal hunting, poaching, and deforestation. Additionally, community-based conservation initiatives and awareness campaigns have been initiated to involve local communities in the protection of forests and wildlife.
|4. What is the role of forests in biodiversity conservation?
Ans. Forests play a vital role in biodiversity conservation. They provide habitats for a wide range of plant and animal species, supporting their survival and reproduction. Forests also contribute to the maintenance of ecological processes, such as nutrient cycling and water regulation. Additionally, forests act as carbon sinks, absorbing and storing carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas responsible for climate change. Conserving forests is essential for preserving biodiversity and mitigating the impacts of climate change.
|5. How does the conservation of forests and wildlife benefit humans?
Ans. Conservation of forests and wildlife brings several benefits to humans. Forests provide essential ecosystem services, including clean air and water, soil fertility, and climate regulation. They are also a source of livelihood for many communities, providing timber, non-timber forest products, and employment opportunities. Wildlife conservation promotes ecological balance and contributes to the overall health of ecosystems. Additionally, protected areas and national parks attract tourists, generating revenue through ecotourism and supporting local economies.