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Mindmap: Physical Features of India | Social Studies (SST) Class 9

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FAQs on Mindmap: Physical Features of India - Social Studies (SST) Class 9

1. What are the major physical features of India?
Ans. India is known for its diverse physical features. Some of the major physical features of India include the Himalayan mountain range, the Thar Desert, the Deccan Plateau, the Ganges River, and the coastal plains along the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
2. What is the significance of the Himalayan mountain range in India?
Ans. The Himalayan mountain range plays a crucial role in India. It acts as a natural barrier protecting the country from the cold winds of Central Asia. The Himalayas also serve as the source of several major rivers, including the Ganges, Indus, and Brahmaputra, which provide water for irrigation and support agriculture in the surrounding plains.
3. How does the Thar Desert impact the climate and vegetation in India?
Ans. The Thar Desert, located in the northwestern part of India, has a significant impact on the climate and vegetation of the region. It creates a rain shadow effect, leading to low rainfall in the surrounding areas. The desert's arid conditions limit the growth of vegetation, resulting in a unique ecosystem adapted to the harsh desert environment.
4. What role does the Deccan Plateau play in India's geography?
Ans. The Deccan Plateau is a large elevated region in southern India. It acts as a barrier, separating the fertile coastal plains from the arid plateau region. The Deccan Plateau is rich in mineral resources and is known for its volcanic activity, contributing to the diverse geological formations in the region.
5. How do the coastal plains of India contribute to its economy?
Ans. The coastal plains of India are economically significant as they provide access to the sea, facilitating trade and transportation. These regions are home to major ports, which play a crucial role in both domestic and international trade. The coastal plains also support important industries such as fishing, tourism, and agriculture, contributing to India's overall economy.
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